Works (266)

Updated: June 1st, 2024 05:30

2024 journal article

Anesthetic efficacy of dexmedetomidine-ketamine in eastern box turtles<i> (Terrapene</i><i> carolina</i><i> carolina)</i> is enhanced with the addition of midazolam and when administered in the forelimb versus the hindlimb

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH, 85(2).

By: A. Heniff n, O. Petritz n, R. Carpenter n, G. Lewbart n & J. Balko n

author keywords: eastern box turtle; sedation; dexmedetomidine; ketamine; midazolam; anesthesia
TL;DR: In eastern box turtles, forelimb dexmedetomidine-ketamine resulted in clinically relevant anesthetic effects that were heightened with the addition of midazolam, supporting a hepatic first-pass effect. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 26, 2024

2024 journal article

DEVELOPMENT OF A HEMOLYMPH COLLECTION TECHNIQUE AND REPORT OF BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF HEMOLYMPH IN A MANAGED POPULATION OF FEMALE THORNY DEVIL STICK INSECTS (<i>EURYCANTHA CALCARATA</i>)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 55(1), 22–30.

By: M. Gorges n, J. Balko n, A. Lathan n, T. Gregory n, A. Heniff n & G. Lewbart n

Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: May 20, 2024

2024 journal article

Dried blood spot analysis for elements of nutritional concern as demonstrated in studies of Galapagos land iguanas (<i>Conolophus</i> species)

JOURNAL OF TRACE ELEMENTS IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY, 81.

By: A. Lehner*, S. Rebolloso*, P. Calle*, K. Ingerman*, G. Lewbart n, J. Munoz-Perez*, C. Valle*, J. Buchweitz*

author keywords: Dried blood spot; DBS; ICP-MS; Iguana; Galapagos Islands; Nutritional elements
TL;DR: The DBS approach for nutritional element analysis offers a suitable methodology for determining crucial elements Mn, Fe, Co, Cu, Zn, Se, and Mo in veterinary samples. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: December 18, 2023

2024 article

First evidence of recruitment in critically endangered Galápagos pink land iguanas (<i>Conolophus marthae</i>)

Garizio, L., Gargano, M., Colosimo, G., Gratton, P., Gerber, G. P., Lewbart, G., … Gentile, G. (2024, March 27). CONSERVATION SCIENCE AND PRACTICE, Vol. 3.

author keywords: census population size; endangered species; Jolly-Seber; LMM; mark-recapture; population demography
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 8, 2024

2024 journal article

Hand grab or noose pole? Evaluating the least stressful practice for capture of endangered Turks and Caicos Rock Iguanas Cyclura carinata

PEERJ, 12.

By: G. Colosimo*, G. Montemuro*, G. Lewbart n, G. Gentile* & G. Gerber*

author keywords: Health screening; Blood metabolites; Lactate; Point-of-care; Rock iguanas; Animal welfare
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: May 7, 2024

2024 journal article

Novel herpesvirus in the critically endangered Galapagos pink land iguana

ACTA TROPICA, 252.

author keywords: Adenovirus; Conservation; Galapagos islands; Health assessment; Virology; Wildlife surveillance
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 8, 2024

2023 review

Aquatic and Terrestrial Invertebrate Welfare

[Review of ]. ANIMALS, 13(21).

By: G. Lewbart n & T. Zachariah

author keywords: invertebrates; welfare; enrichment; health; coelenterates; chelicerates; insects; echinoderms; mollusks; crustaceans; myriapods
TL;DR: There are many misconceptions about invertebrate sentience, welfare requirements, the need for environmental enrichment, and overall care and husbandry for this amazing group of animals. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: December 11, 2023

2023 journal article

Assessing Livestock Production Practices on Small-Scale Multi-Species Farms Located on Floreana Island, Galapagos Islands

ANIMALS, 13(4).

By: S. Rhea n, B. Camacho n, C. Amoriello n, M. Correa n, G. Lewbart n, M. Cruz*, A. Velez*, P. Castillo*, M. Pairis-Garcia n

author keywords: Galapagos Islands; animal welfare; production animal; antimicrobial resistance; ecosystem health; conservation
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: February 21, 2023

2023 journal article

Characterization of Current Husbandry and Veterinary Care Practices of the Giant Pacific Octopus (Enteroctopus dofleini) Using an Online Survey

VETERINARY SCIENCES, 10(7).

By: A. Kirby*, J. Balko n, C. Goertz* & G. Lewbart n

author keywords: octopus; anesthesia; sedation; veterinary
TL;DR: Survey of aquatic veterinarians and animal care professionals on current animal and veterinary care, including anesthesia and euthanasia, of GPOs found to help guide additional studies in GPO anesthesia and sedation. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 14, 2023

2023 journal article

Dirofilaria immitis Identified in Galapagos Sea Lions (Zalophus wollebaeki): A Wildlife Health and Conservation Concern

JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE DISEASES, 59(3), 487–494.

By: T. Gregory n, I. Livingston n, E. Hawkins n, A. Loyola*, A. Cave n, S. Vaden n, D. Deresienski n, M. Breen n ...

author keywords: Dirofilaria immitis; Galapagos Islands; heartworm; Zalophus wollebaeki
MeSH headings : Animals; Dogs; Male; Sea Lions; Dirofilaria immitis; Animals, Wild; Caniformia; Animals, Domestic; Endangered Species; Dirofilariasis / epidemiology; Dog Diseases
TL;DR: This is the first report of D. immitis infection in Galapagos sea lions, and widespread adoption of routine heartworm testing, prevention, and treatment in the canine population, and the control of mosquitos, could potentially reduce the disease impact on this endangered pinniped species. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 14, 2023

2023 journal article

Evaluation of Targeted Injections of Ivermectin or Potassium Chloride for Euthanasia of Anesthetized Thorny Devil Stick Insects (<i>Eurycantha calcarata</i>)

JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGICAL AND BOTANICAL GARDENS, 4(1), 231–239.

By: A. Heniff n, M. Gorges n, G. Lewbart n & J. Balko n

author keywords: euthanasia; insects; ivermectin; potassium chloride; KCl; thorny devil stick insect; Eurycantha calcarata
TL;DR: In this preliminary study, ivermectin 100 mg/kg via ventral midline injection was effective for euthanasia of thorny devil stick insects. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 2, 2024

2023 journal article

Evaluation of lidocaine for brachial plexus blockade in eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina)

VETERINARY ANAESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA, 50(1), 98–101.

By: A. Mones n, S. Santangelo n, M. Gorges n, G. Lewbart n, M. Gerard n & T. Harrison n

author keywords: brachial plexus block; eastern box turtle; lido-caine; local anesthesia
TL;DR: The technique was unreliable in producing brachial plexus motor and sensory blockade at the lidocaine doses evaluated in this study, and general anesthesia with systemic analgesia is recommended for surgical procedures involving the chelonian thoracic limb. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 31, 2023

2023 journal article

Health status of the red-billed tropicbird (Phaethon aethereus) determined by hematology, biochemistry, blood gases, and physical examination

PEERJ, 11.

By: A. Skehel*, C. Ulloa*, D. Deresienski n, C. Regalado*, J. Munoz-Perez*, J. Garcia*, B. Hardesty*, R. Passingham n ...

author keywords: Phaethon aethereus; Biochemistry; Galapagos; Hematology; Red-billed tropicbirds
TL;DR: The baseline data, and reference intervals reported in this paper are essential to detecting changes in the health of red-billed tropicbirds in the future. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 28, 2023

2023 journal article

Myxobolus lentisuturalis infection in a farmed population of goldfish Carassius auratus from the USA

DISEASES OF AQUATIC ORGANISMS, 154, 7–14.

By: C. Hepps Keeney n, T. Waltzek*, P. Oliveira Viadanna*, S. Frasca*, E. Reinhardt*, J. Lovy*, G. Lewbart n

author keywords: Myxobolus lentisuturalis; Goldfish; Carassius auratus; Myxozoan; Myositis
TL;DR: This is the first reported case of M. lentisuturalis in the USA and furthers the understanding of the pathogenicity of this under-described parasite. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 25, 2023

2023 journal article

NALTREXONE AS A PROMISING TREATMENT FOR CLINICAL SIGNS OF LATERAL LINE DEPIGMENTATION IN PALETTE SURGEONFISH (PARACANTHURUS HEPATUS)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 54(1), 137–142.

By: M. Strobel*, K. Baker*, A. Berliner*, K. Tang*, C. Keeney n & G. Lewbart n

MeSH headings : Mice; Animals; Naltrexone; Lateral Line System; Narcotic Antagonists; Wound Healing
TL;DR: Clinical improvements in lesion size and pigmentation were apparent following topical naltrexone therapy in fish with severe lesions, and although these cases are promising, more data are needed to further evaluate the effectiveness of nALTrexone 0.04% in treating LLD lesions in palette surgeonfish. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 11, 2023

2023 article

Presence of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-Producing <i>Escherichia coli</i> in Food-Producing and Companion Animals and Wildlife on Small-Holder Farms of Floreana Island, Galapagos Islands

Rhea, S., Gensler, C., Atlaw, N., Pairis-Garcia, M., Lewbart, G. A., Valentine, A., … Jacob, M. E. (2023, November 22). VECTOR-BORNE AND ZOONOTIC DISEASES, Vol. 11.

By: S. Rhea n, C. Gensler n, N. Atlaw n, M. Pairis-Garcia n, G. Lewbart n, A. Valentine n, M. Cruz*, P. Castillo* ...

author keywords: ESBL-E. coli; Galapagos Islands; conservation; antimicrobial resistance; multidrug resistance; surveillance
TL;DR: These results lend support for future routine AR monitoring activities at the livestock-wildlife interface in Galápagos to characterize potential interspecies transmission of AR bacteria and AR genes and to formulate interventions to reduce AR spread in this setting. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: January 29, 2024

2023 journal article

Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Galapagos birds: Inference of risk factors associated with diet

PLOS ONE, 18(7).

MeSH headings : Animals; Humans; Toxoplasma; Prevalence; Plant Breeding; Animals, Wild / parasitology; Passeriformes; Risk Factors; Diet; Toxoplasmosis, Animal / parasitology; Antibodies, Protozoan
TL;DR: Results indicate that the consumption of tissue cysts poses the highest risk of exposure to T. gondii for Galapagos birds, followed by the ingestion of plants and insects contaminated by oocysts as important transmission pathways. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 7, 2023

2023 article

Retrospective analysis of histologic lesions in captive arachnids

Gaudette, C., LaDouceur, E. E. B., Troan, B. V., Whitehurst, N., Dombrowski, D. S., Lewbart, G. A., … Schreeg, M. E. (2023, April 10). VETERINARY PATHOLOGY, Vol. 4.

By: C. Gaudette n, E. LaDouceur, B. Troan n, N. Whitehurst n, D. Dombrowski*, G. Lewbart n, K. Linder n, K. Passingham n, L. Christian*, M. Schreeg n

author keywords: Araneae; arthropod; Heterometrus; histopathology; inflammation; invertebrate; scorpion; Scorpiones; tarantula
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: May 1, 2023

2023 review

Systemic Exophiala equina infection in an Eastern box turtle (Terrapene carolina carolina): a case report and literature review

[Review of ]. FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE, 10.

author keywords: Exophiala equina; phaeohyphomycosis; systemic mycosis; eastern box turtle; reptile
TL;DR: Gross and histological postmortem examination confirmed the presence of multiple coelomic masses similar in appearance to those observed in the left orbit and right forefoot indicating disseminated phaeohyphomycosis. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: June 5, 2023

2023 article

Ten Years of Wildlife Health and Conservation in the Galapagos, 2013-2022

ISLAND ECOSYSTEMS, pp. 291–317.

By: G. Lewbart n, J. Munoz Perez*, D. Paez-Rosas*, C. Valle*, D. Alarcon-Ruales*, M. Hirschfeld*, D. Deresienski n, K. Lohmann*

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: November 6, 2023

2023 journal article

The clinical features and treatment of fishhook injuries in freshwater turtles: 126 cases from 1997-2022

JAVMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 261(12), 1829–1837.

By: L. Hale n, S. Kapp n, J. Robertson n, G. Lewbart n & S. Ozawa n

author keywords: fishing; Trachemys; foreign body; retrograde; esophagostomy; celiotomy
TL;DR: Overall, freshwater turtles with fishhook injuries have a high release rate even when the injuries are severe, and considerations should be taken to provide patient comfort, decrease injury-associated complications, and shorten recovery time by using minimally invasive techniques. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 19, 2024

2023 journal article

ULTRASONOGRAPHIC EVALUATION OF COELOMIC FLUID IN HEALTHY CORN SNAKES (PANTHEROPHIS GUTTATUS)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 54(1), 65–72.

By: C. Keeney n, E. Cohen n, G. Lewbart n & S. Ozawa n

MeSH headings : Female; Male; Animals; Zea mays; Colubridae; Snakes; Ultrasonography / veterinary
TL;DR: The distribution and abundance of coelomic fluid in snakes, as well as a method for point of care ultrasound (POCUS) in this species, are described. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 11, 2023

2023 article

When pink is a question: Comparative gross and microscopic skin structure analyses reveal the histological basis of skin colour in Galápagos pink land iguanas (<i>Conolophus marthae</i>)

Lewbart, G. A., Colosimo, G., Gaudette, C., Watanabe, T. T. N., Parker, J., Sevilla, C., … Gentile, G. (2023, November 23). ACTA ZOOLOGICA, Vol. 11.

By: G. Lewbart n, G. Colosimo*, C. Gaudette n, T. Watanabe n, J. Parker n, C. Sevilla*, G. Gerber*, G. Gentile*

author keywords: chromatophores; epidermis; melanophores; skin pigmentation; squamates
TL;DR: Interestingly, marine iguanas have a much thicker epidermal stratum germinativum/granulosum, between 2 and 10 cells thick depending on location, compared to the thinner epidermetrics of land iguanAs (one to three cells thick with most areas possessing just one or two cell layers). (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: December 18, 2023

2022 journal article

Conservation of a flagship species: Health assessment of the pink land iguana, Conolophus marthae

PLOS ONE, 17(3).

By: G. Colosimo*, G. Gentile*, C. Vera*, C. Sevilla*, G. Gerber*, H. Westermeyer n, G. Lewbart n

MeSH headings : Animals; Ecuador; Iguanas / physiology
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: May 16, 2022

2022 journal article

Development and Evaluation of a Serum Transfusion Process in the Thorny Devil Stick Insect (Eurycantha calcarata)

FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE, 9.

By: T. Gregory n, A. Heniff n, M. Gorges n, A. Lathan n, G. Lewbart n & J. Balko n

author keywords: Eurycantha calcarata; serum; stick insect; transfusion; transfusion reaction
TL;DR: This is the first report of serum transfusions in thorny devil stick insects, and while largely successful, minor to severe transfusion reactions may occur. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: May 16, 2022

2022 journal article

EFFECTS OF TRICAINE METHANESULFONATE IN A MANAGED COLLECTION OF MOON JELLYFISH (AURELIA AURITA)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 53(1), 100–107.

By: M. Gorges n, K. Martinez n, N. Labriola n, B. Phillips n, L. Christian*, E. Chen, L. Posner n, G. Lewbart n, D. Dombrowski*

MeSH headings : Aminobenzoates / pharmacology; Anesthetics, Local; Animals; Mesylates / pharmacology; Scyphozoa
TL;DR: Tricaine methanesulfonate (MS-222), a common immersion anesthetic for fish and amphibians, was evaluated in a managed population of moon jellyfish to evaluate the effects of MS-222 administration on moon Jellyfish movement and response to stimuli. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 8, 2022

2022 journal article

EVALUATION OF PROGNOSTIC INDICATORS FOR INJURED TURTLES PRESENTING TO A WILDLIFE CLINIC

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 53(1), 209–213.

By: T. Gregory n, C. Hubbard n, E. Schlake n, D. Mejia n, K. Passingham n, G. Lewbart n, T. Harrison n

MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Wild; Ecosystem; Humans; Male; Prognosis; Reptiles; Turtles / physiology
TL;DR: Hyperlactatemia, an increased lactate over 24 h when the initial lactate concentration was greater than 5 mM/L, and anemia were determined to be significant prognostic indicators of mortality for all turtles, and hypoglycemia was a significant prognosis indicator for male turtles (P < 0.05). (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 8, 2022

2022 journal article

Infection with a novel pentastome (Raillietiella sp.) in a juvenile endangered Gal acute accent apagos tortoise (Chelonoidis niger)

VETERINARY PARASITOLOGY- REGIONAL STUDIES AND REPORTS, 35.

By: L. Swanepoel, A. Loyola*, J. Flowers n, G. Lewbart n, K. Garrett* & M. Yabsley*

author keywords: Chelonoidis Niger; Gal ?apagos tortoise; Health; Pentastome; Rallietiella
MeSH headings : Animals; Arthropods; Female; Lizards; Male; Mammals; Niger; Pentastomida; Plastics; Turtles / genetics; Turtles / parasitology
TL;DR: Pentastomes are crustacean endoparasites in the lungs of herpetofauna and rarely mammals and birds and because some pentastome species, especially when in aberrant hosts, can be pathogenic, additional studies of parasites in native and introduced reptile and amphibian species in the Galápagos are needed to better understand the risk this parasite poses to GaláPagos tortoises. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: November 7, 2022

2022 journal article

Intravenous regional antibiotic perfusion as an adjunctive therapy to treat osteomyelitis in a common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina)

VetRecord CaseReports, 10(4), e487.

By: A. Cherukuri n, S. Scott -Cruz n, G. Lewbart n, N. Petrovich & S. Ozawa n

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 12, 2022

2022 article

Pathology in Practice

Rasche, B. L., Parker, M., Lewbart, G. A., Petritz, O., & Watanabe, T. T. N. (2022, February 1). JAVMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Vol. 260, pp. 305–307.

By: B. Rasche n, M. Parker n, G. Lewbart n, O. Petritz n & T. Watanabe n

MeSH headings : Animal Diseases / diagnosis; Animals
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 14, 2022

2022 journal article

Perspective: Opportunities for advancing aquatic invertebrate welfare

FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE, 9.

By: S. Wahltinez*, N. Stacy*, C. Hadfield*, C. Harms n, G. Lewbart n, A. Newton, E. Nunamaker

author keywords: anesthesia; animal welfare; euthanasia; humane slaughter; refinement
TL;DR: Results of a survey on attitudes of aquatic animal health professionals toward aquatic invertebrate welfare are presented and practical recommendations for advancing aquatic inverTEbrate welfare across four areas of opportunity are provided. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 3, 2023

2022 article

Removal of malignant melanophoroma with intramuscular invasion in a bowfin fish (Amia calva)

Heniff, A. C., Lewbart, G. A., & Applegate, J. R., Jr. (2022, August 22). VETERINARY RECORD CASE REPORTS, Vol. 8.

By: A. Heniff n, G. Lewbart n & J. Applegate*

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 29, 2022

2022 journal article

What is your diagnosis? Coelomic fluid in an Eastern River Cooter ( <i>Pseudemys concinna concinna )

Veterinary Clinical Pathology, 8.

By: J. Marin n, G. Lewbart n & D. Stowe n

author keywords: coelomic fluid; cytology; spermatozoa; turtle
MeSH headings : Animals; Rivers; Turtles
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID, Crossref
Added: August 20, 2022

2021 journal article

Feasibility of a blind perineural injection technique for brachial plexus blockade in eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina): a cadaver study

VETERINARY ANAESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA, 48(5), 789–797.

By: A. Mones n, M. Gorges n, S. Santangelo n, G. Lewbart n, T. Harrison n & M. Gerard n

author keywords: brachial plexus; brachial plexus block; eastern box turtle; local anesthesia; methylene blue
MeSH headings : Animals; Brachial Plexus Block / veterinary; Cadaver; Feasibility Studies; Prospective Studies; Turtles; Ultrasonography, Interventional / veterinary
TL;DR: A blind perineural injection technique for brachial plexus blockade and the distribution of three volumes of new methylene blue dye for injection in cadavers are developed and evaluated to evaluate its application and efficacy in live turtles. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 20, 2021

2021 journal article

HEALTH STATUS OF NAZCA BOOBIES (SULA GRANTI) ON DAPHNE MAJOR ISLAND IN THE GALAPAGOS DETERMINED BY HEMATOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY, AND PHYSICAL EXAMINATION

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 52(2), 671–679.

By: E. Tucker-Retter, Z. Velsey-Gross, D. Deresienski*, C. Ulloa, J. Munoz-Perez, A. Skehel, R. Passingham, J. Castaneda, G. Lewbart*, C. Valle

MeSH headings : Animals; Bird Diseases / diagnosis; Bird Diseases / epidemiology; Birds / blood; Ecuador / epidemiology; Female; Hematologic Tests / veterinary; Male; Serologic Tests / veterinary
TL;DR: The time between capture and blood collection had a significant inverse relationship on plasma sodium, potassium, hemoglobin, anion gaps, and lymphocyte counts, suggesting that blood sampling in Nazca boobies should be done in less than 5 m to avoid the impacts of stress on hematological parameters. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 12, 2021

2021 journal article

Hematology and Biochemistry Panel Reference Intervals for Captive Saddleback Clownfish Amphiprion polymnus and Tomato Clownfish A. frenatus

JOURNAL OF AQUATIC ANIMAL HEALTH, 33(1), 3–16.

By: S. Wright*, N. Stacy*, R. Yanong*, R. Juhl n & G. Lewbart n

MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Zoo / blood; Aquaculture; Blood Chemical Analysis / veterinary; Fishes / blood; Hematologic Tests / veterinary; Reference Values; Species Specificity
TL;DR: The results provide baseline health data for clownfish species that can be used in various clinical settings, while also serving as a springboard for further research studies. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: March 8, 2021

2021 journal article

ISOFLURANE ANESTHESIA IN THE MADAGASCAR HISSING COCKROACH (GROMPHADORHINA PORTENTOSA)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 52(2), 710–714.

By: K. McCallion, K. Petersen, D. Dombrowski*, L. Christian, G. Lewbart* & J. Dillard*

MeSH headings : Anesthetics, Inhalation / pharmacology; Animals; Cockroaches / drug effects; Isoflurane / pharmacology
TL;DR: The authors conclude that the use of inhalant isoflurane is both safe and effective for anesthesia of Madagascar hissing cockroaches. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 12, 2021

2021 journal article

LACTIC ACIDOSIS INDUCED BY MANUAL RESTRAINT FOR HEALTH EVALUATION AND COMPARISON OF TWO POINT-OF-CARE ANALYZERS IN HEALTHY LOGGERHEAD SEA TURTLES (CARETTA CARETTA)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 52(4), 1195–1204.

By: A. Mones n, E. Gruber n, C. Harms n, C. Lohmann*, K. Lohmann* & G. Lewbart n

MeSH headings : Acidosis, Lactic / etiology; Acidosis, Lactic / veterinary; Animals; Bicarbonates; Carbon Dioxide; Point-of-Care Systems; Turtles
TL;DR: Clinicians should evaluate blood gas values and lactate at the beginning of health evaluations and interpret serial lactate values in sea turtles with caution, because even short periods of manual restraint can induce lactic acidosis and considerably influence these values. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 3, 2022

2021 journal article

Pharmacokinetics of ketorolac in juvenile loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) after a single intramuscular injection

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS, 44(4), 583–589.

By: T. Gregory n, C. Harms n, M. Gorges n, G. Lewbart n & M. Papich n

author keywords: Caretta caretta; Ketorolac; loggerhead sea turtle; nonlinear mixed effects model; pharmacokinetics
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; Area Under Curve; Injections, Intramuscular / veterinary; Ketorolac; Turtles
TL;DR: It is concluded that ketorolac may not be an appropriate long-term analgesic for use in loggerhead sea turtles at this dose; however, it may have some benefit as a short- term analgesic. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: February 21, 2021

2021 journal article

Successful and unsuccessful nonsurgical removal of ingested golf balls and an artificial egg in four rat snakes (Pantherophis alleghaniensis)

JAVMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 258(10), 1135–1141.

By: G. Scott n, B. Waffa n, R. DeVoe*, C. Harms n & G. Lewbart n

MeSH headings : Animals; Colubridae; Foreign Bodies / surgery; Foreign Bodies / veterinary; Golf; Mouth; Rats; Rodent Diseases; Snakes; Stomach
TL;DR: The described nonsurgical techniques for removal of ingested round or ovoid foreign bodies were associated with substantial complications in 3 of 4 treated rat snakes, and the methods used did not appear to be more beneficial than traditional gastrotomy. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: June 10, 2021

2021 journal article

Surgical management and histopathology of wen overgrowth and neoplasia in four oranda goldfish (Carassius auratus)

VETERINARY RECORD CASE REPORTS, 9(1).

By: A. Mones n, M. Schreeg n, S. Sommer n, K. Linder n & G. Lewbart n

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: March 8, 2021

2021 journal article

Whole blood fatty acid concentrations in the San Cristobal Galapagos tortoise (Chelonoidis chathamensis)

PEERJ, 9.

By: K. Dass n, G. Lewbart n, J. Munoz-Perez*, M. Yepez*, A. Loyola*, E. Chen, D. Paez-Rosas*

author keywords: Galapagos tortoise; Chelonoidis chathamensis; Fatty acid; Blood
TL;DR: It was noted that the ω-6/ω-3 ratio was higher for the breeding center than for the ecological farm and that overall polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) did not have any significant differences. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 19, 2021

2020 journal article

Baseline haematology, biochemistry, blood gas values and health status of the Galapagos swallow-tailed gull (Creagrus furcatus)

CONSERVATION PHYSIOLOGY, 8.

By: C. Valle*, C. Ulloa*, C. Regalado*, J. Munoz-Perez*, J. Garcia*, B. Hardesty, A. Skehel*, D. Deresienski n, R. Passingham n, G. Lewbart n

author keywords: Biochemistry; Creagrus furcatus; Galapagos Islands; swallow-tailed gull; health status; haematology
TL;DR: The baseline data reported is valuable for comparisons amongst different populations in the archipelago and to detect changes in health status of Galápagos swallow-tailed gulls. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 14, 2020

2020 journal article

Copper and zinc generated by the Aquascape IonGen pond clarifier system can be detrimental to koi (Cyprinus carpio) health

VETERINARY RECORD OPEN, 7(1).

By: E. Tucker n, J. Gerlach n, A. Curtean n, K. Passingham n, L. Murphy* & G. Lewbart n

author keywords: aquatic organisms; copper toxicity; toxicology; fish
TL;DR: The results of this study indicate that ion generators might not be safe for fish, and copper should only be used as an algicide if concentrations are closely monitored. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 4, 2021

2020 journal article

Diagnosis, treatment and post-release monitoring of an eastern black rat snake (Pantherophis alleghaniensis) with ophidiomycosis and traumatic injuries

VETERINARY RECORD CASE REPORTS, 8(2).

By: J. Veilleux n, D. Dombrowski*, M. Allender* & G. Lewbart n

TL;DR: From April 2016 to November 2018, the snake was tracked via radio telemetry with physical examinations, bloodwork and qPCR swabs conducted multiple times a year. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: March 8, 2021

2020 journal article

EVALUATION OF LOCALIZED INFLAMMATORY REACTIONS SECONDARY TO INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTIONS OF ENROFLOXACIN IN STRIPED BASS (MORONE SAXATILIS)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 51(1), 46–52.

By: G. Scott n, M. Law n, E. Christiansen n, G. Lewbart n & C. Harms n

author keywords: Enrofloxacin; fluoroquinolone; injection site reaction; Morone saxatilis; muscle necrosis; striped bass
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / adverse effects; Bass; Enrofloxacin / adverse effects; Fish Diseases / chemically induced; Fish Diseases / immunology; Fish Diseases / pathology; Inflammation / chemically induced; Inflammation / immunology; Inflammation / pathology; Inflammation / veterinary; Injections, Intramuscular / veterinary; Time Factors
TL;DR: Data show that IM injection of enrofloxacin 2.27% is associated with severe hemorrhage, necrosis, and inflammation in striped bass, and may negatively affect animal welfare. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 14, 2020

2020 journal article

EVALUATION OF POTASSIUM CHLORIDE ADMINISTERED VIA THREE ROUTES FOR EUTHANASIA OF ANESTHETIZED KOI (CYPRINUS CARPIO)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 51(3), 485–489.

By: M. Louis n, E. Houck n, G. Lewbart n, L. Posner n & J. Balko n

MeSH headings : Animals; Carps; Euthanasia, Animal / methods; Injections / methods; Injections / veterinary; Potassium Chloride / administration & dosage
TL;DR: Intracardiac KCl at 10 mEq/kg rapidly ceases Doppler sounds and is a successful technique for euthanasia of anesthetized koi. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 8, 2021

2020 journal article

Effective mydriasis in juvenile loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) following topical administration of rocuronium bromide and 10% phenylephrine

VETERINARY OPHTHALMOLOGY, 23(1), 37–43.

author keywords: chelonian ophthalmic examination; loggerhead turtle; pharmacologic mydriasis; phenylephrine; rocuronium; sea turtle
MeSH headings : Animals; Drug Therapy, Combination; Mydriasis / veterinary; Phenylephrine / administration & dosage; Phenylephrine / pharmacology; Rocuronium / administration & dosage; Rocuronium / pharmacology; Turtles
TL;DR: A combination of topical ophthalmic rocuronium bromide and 10% phenylephrine is safe and effective for mydriasis in juvenile loggerhead turtles. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 27, 2020

2020 journal article

HEALTH STATUS AND BASELINE HEMATOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY, AND BLOOD GAS VALUES OF GALAPAGOS SHEARWATERS (PUFFINUS SUBALARIS)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 50(4), 1026–1030.

By: C. Valle n, C. Ulloa n, C. Regalado n, J. Munoz-Perez n, J. Garcia n, B. Hardesty n, A. Skehel n, D. Deresienski n, G. Lewbart n

author keywords: Biochemistry; Blood gases; Galapagos Islands; Galapagos shearwater; Health status; Hematology; Puffinus subalaris
MeSH headings : Acid-Base Equilibrium; Animals; Bicarbonates / blood; Birds / blood; Blood Glucose; Calcium / blood; Carbon Dioxide / blood; Chlorides / blood; Creatinine / blood; Hematocrit / veterinary; Hemoglobins; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Lactates / blood; Oxygen / blood; Potassium / blood; Sodium / blood
TL;DR: The reported results provide baseline data that can be used for comparisons among populations and in detecting changes in health status among Galápagos shearwaters. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 27, 2020

2020 journal article

Hematology of the keeled box turtle (Cuora mouhotii)

Veterinary Clinical Pathology, 49(2), 227–231.

By: A. Cerreta n, E. Houck n, D. Stowe n & G. Lewbart n

author keywords: Cuora mouhotii; heterophilia; keeled box turtle; leukocytosis; reference values; stress response
MeSH headings : Animals; Blood Cell Count / veterinary; Endangered Species; Female; Hematologic Tests / veterinary; Hematology; Leukocytosis / blood; Leukocytosis / veterinary; Reference Values; Retrospective Studies; Species Specificity; Turtles / blood
TL;DR: A healthy adult, intact female keeled box turtle was found to have a marked heterophilic leukocytosis using normal hematologic parameters established for the eastern box turtle (Terrapene carolina carolina), a related chelonian species. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID, Crossref
Added: May 18, 2020

2020 journal article

Homologous whole blood transfusion for treatment of severe anemia in five Eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina)

JOURNAL OF EXOTIC PET MEDICINE, 35(C), 27–33.

By: M. Louis n, A. Cerreta n, J. Griffioen n, M. Mehalick n, G. Lewbart n & O. Petritz n

author keywords: Anemia; Blood transfusion; Eastern box turtle; Terrapene carolina carolina
TL;DR: A one-time homologous whole blood transfusion is likely a safe, emergency intervention to treat severe anemia in the EBT. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 4, 2021

2020 journal article

Pathologic Lesions of the Budgett Frog (Lepidobatrachus laevis), an Emerging Laboratory Animal Model

COMPARATIVE MEDICINE, 70(3), 239–247.

By: M. Womble n, G. Lewbart n & H. Shive n

MeSH headings : Animal Experimentation; Animals; Anura; Developmental Biology; Female; Male; Models, Animal; Retrospective Studies
TL;DR: This retrospective analysis is the first description of histologic lesions identified in captive L. laevis populations, providing new insight into spontaneous disease processes occurring in this species for use in disease diagnosis and clinical management. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: October 26, 2020

2020 journal article

Pharmacokinetics of Ketoprofen in Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE, 7.

By: W. Greene*, N. Mylniczenko*, T. Storms*, C. Burns*, G. Lewbart n, L. Byrd*, M. Papich n

author keywords: ketoprofen; teleost; tilapia; rainbow trout; pharmacokinctics; non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); Oncorhynchus mykiss; Oreochromis niloticus
TL;DR: There were very high plasma concentrations of ketoprofen in trout and tilapia with no adverse effects observed, and future studies on the efficacy, frequency of dosing, analgesia, adverse effects, and route of administration are warranted. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: November 9, 2020

2020 journal article

TEMPORAL PATTERNS IN ADMISSION OF EASTERN BOX TURTLES (TERRAPENE CAROLINA CAROLINA) AT A NORTH CAROLINA WILDLIFE CLINIC AS A REFLECTION OF CLIMATE

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 51(2), 363–370.

By: Z. Ready, E. Chen & G. Lewbart*

author keywords: Climate; eastern box turtle; temperature; Terrapene carolina carolina; trauma
MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Wild; Climate; Hospitals, Animal / statistics & numerical data; North Carolina; Retrospective Studies; Turtles; Weather
TL;DR: It is found that both the annual peak temperature and the annual timing of admission to the TRT have shifted significantly or with a strong tendency towards significance between pre- and post-2006 years, supporting the hypothesis that box turtle activity patterns are shifting and that these changes are potentially related to climate. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 13, 2020

2020 journal article

Total injectable anesthesia of dogs and cats for remote location veterinary sterilization clinic

BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH, 16(1).

By: L. Posner n, J. Applegate n, A. Cannedy n, D. Deresienski n, K. Mozzachio n, M. Serrano n, G. Lewbart n

author keywords: sterilization; dog; cat; anesthesia; total injectable anesthesia
MeSH headings : Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Antagonists / administration & dosage; Anesthesia, Intravenous / veterinary; Anesthetics, Combined / administration & dosage; Animals; Cats / surgery; Dexmedetomidine / administration & dosage; Dogs / surgery; Ecuador; Female; Hydromorphone / administration & dosage; Imidazoles / administration & dosage; Ketamine / administration & dosage; Male; Meloxicam / administration & dosage; Orchiectomy / veterinary; Ovariectomy / veterinary; Pregnanediones
TL;DR: Total injectable anesthesia can be accomplished for remote location sterilization clinics with minimal morbidity. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: October 5, 2020

2020 journal article

Unexpected but transient tumour enlargement preceded complete regression and long-term control after irradiation of squamous cell carcinoma in a red-eared slider (Trachemys scripta elegans)

VETERINARY RECORD CASE REPORTS, 8(2).

By: A. Baja n, G. Lewbart n, J. Luff n & M. Nolan n

TL;DR: A red-eared slider with a chronic non-healing ulcerative shell lesion was diagnosed with cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma and underwent surgical debulking and adjuvant hypofractionated radiation therapy, showing an unusual pattern of disease regression, followed by transient growth and then long-term local tumour control. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: March 8, 2021

2019 journal article

Are Geckos Paratenic Hosts for Caribbean Island Acanthocephalans? Evidence from Gonatodes antillensis and a Global Review of Squamate Reptiles Acting as Transport Hosts

BULLETIN OF THE PEABODY MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY, 60(1), 55–79.

author keywords: Acanthocephala; intestinal helminths; cats; parasite; trophic transmission; mammals; birds; host-parasite interactions; vector species
TL;DR: Evidence is found that the ability of squamate reptiles to act as transport hosts is a pervasive feature across their Tree of Life, suggesting that these animals may serve as important vectors for transporting parasites between intermediate and definitive hosts. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 29, 2019

2019 journal article

Health assessment of Conolophus subcristatus, Conolophus pallidus, and C. subcristatus X Amblyrhynchus cristatus hybrid (Galapagos land iguanas)

PLOS ONE, 14(10).

By: G. Lewbart n, C. Grijalva*, P. Calle*, K. Ingerman*, J. Pablo Munoz-Perez*, G. Quezada*, C. Vera*, G. Gentile*, C. Valle*

MeSH headings : Animals; Body Temperature / physiology; Body Weights and Measures; Ecuador; Female; Heart Rate / physiology; Iguanas / physiology; Male; Respiratory Rate / physiology
TL;DR: Blood samples drawn from 52 healthy wild adult land iguanas captured on three islands provide preliminary baseline values that may be useful in comparisons between captive and wild populations, betweenWild populations, and in detecting changes in health status among Galápagos land iguana affected by anthropogenic threats, climate change, or natural disturbances. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: June 8, 2020

2019 journal article

Hematological parameters in largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) with formalin-preservation: comparison between wild tournament-caught and captive-raised fish

PEERJ, 7.

By: M. Whitehead n, C. Vanetten n, Y. Zheng n & G. Lewbart n

author keywords: Catch-and-release; Captive-reared; Micropterus salmoides; Health assessment; Formalin preservation; Hematology; Largemouth bass; Manual hemocytometer; Wild tournament-caught; Stress
TL;DR: It is concluded that wild largemouth bass captured via tournament angling have higher packed cell volume and total solids, and lower total leukocyte counts, compared to captive-reared individuals. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 22, 2019

2019 journal article

Histological evaluation of five suture materials in the telson ligament of the American horseshoe crab (Limulus polyphemus)

PEERJ, 7.

By: A. Krasner, A. Hancock-Ronemus*, L. Christian*, E. Griffith n, G. Lewbart n & J. Law n

author keywords: Limulus; Suture reaction; Telson ligament; Eugenol; Histopathology
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 19, 2019

2019 journal article

Methods of body temperature assessment in Conolophus subcristatus, Conolophus pallidus (Galapagos land iguanas), and Amblyrhynchus cristatus X C. subcristatus hybrid

PEERJ, 7.

By: C. Valle*, C. Grijalva*, P. Calle*, J. Pablo Munoz-PereZ*, G. Quezada*, C. Vera*, G. Lewbart n

author keywords: Amblyrhynchus cristatus X C. subcristatus hybrid; Conolophus subcristatus; Conolophus pallidus; Galapagos; Land iguana; Body temperature; Infrared
TL;DR: Comparing the infrared body temperature measurements of land iguanas against virtual simultaneous collection of cloacal temperatures obtained using a thermocouple thermometer found that internal body temperature can be predicted with a high level of accuracy from three external body temperature sites, providing a good non-invasive method that avoids the capture of animals. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 18, 2019

2019 journal article

Radiographic anatomy and barium sulfate contrast study of the gastrointestinal tract of eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina)

VETERINARY RADIOLOGY & ULTRASOUND, 60(5), 473–484.

By: E. Houck n, E. Cohen n, M. Womble n, G. Lewbart n & O. Petritz n

author keywords: cecum; radiology; Testudines
MeSH headings : Animals; Barium Sulfate / analysis; Female; Gastrointestinal Tract / anatomy & histology; Gastrointestinal Tract / diagnostic imaging; Male; Prospective Studies; Radiography / veterinary; Reference Values; Turtles / anatomy & histology
TL;DR: A novel, horizontal beam, rostrocaudal view for gastrointestinal contrast studies in chelonians is introduced to serve as a reference on the gastrointestinal anatomy, transit, and emptying times in healthy eastern box turtles. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: October 7, 2019

2019 journal article

TISSUE ENZYME ACTIVITIES IN FREE-LIVING EASTERN BOX TURTLES (TERRAPENE CAROLINA CAROLINA)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 50(1), 45–54.

By: L. Adamovicz*, J. Griffioen n, A. Cerreta n, G. Lewbart n & M. Allender*

author keywords: biochemistry enzyme activity; eastern box turtle Terrapene carolina carolina; reptile; tissue specificity
MeSH headings : Animal Testing Alternatives; Animals; Enzymes / metabolism; Female; Male; Organ Specificity; Turtles / metabolism
TL;DR: Tissue specificity of six biochemical enzymes evaluated in box turtles was evaluated, and AST was relatively nonspecific, with significantly higher activity in the cardiac muscle, liver, kidney, skeletal muscle, and gallbladder compared to other tissues. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: April 22, 2019

2018 journal article

ASSESSMENT OF A VISUAL SCORING SYSTEM FOR IDENTIFYING AND QUANTIFYING ANEMIA IN MALE EASTERN BOX TURTLES (TERRAPENE CAROLINA CAROLINA)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 49(4), 977–982.

By: A. Cerreta, M. Mehalick, M. Stoskopf, D. Dombrowski & G. Lewbart

author keywords: Anemia; diagnosis; Eastern box turtle; iris; Terrapene carolina carolina
MeSH headings : Anemia / diagnosis; Anemia / pathology; Anemia / veterinary; Animals; Eye Color / physiology; Hematocrit / methods; Hematocrit / veterinary; Male; North Carolina; Turtles
TL;DR: This specific and noninvasive method for estimating PCV of male EBTs is clinically desirable in both rehabilitation and hospital settings. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 21, 2019

2018 journal article

Biochemistry and hematology parameters of the San Cristobal Galapagos tortoise (Chelonoidis chathamensis)

CONSERVATION PHYSIOLOGY, 6.

By: G. Lewbart n, J. Griffioen n, A. Savo n, J. Pablo Munoz-Perez*, C. Ortega*, A. Loyola*, S. Roberts n, G. Schaaf n ...

author keywords: biochemistry; Chelonoidis chathamensis; Galapagos tortoise; health; hematology; lactate
TL;DR: Blood values from clinically healthy tortoises from the San Cristóbal Galapagos Archipelago are reported to report the health status of these animals. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

EVALUATION OF THE OPHTHALMIC DISEASE AND HISTOPATHOLOGIC EFFECTS DUE TO THE OCULAR TREMATODE PHILOPHTHALMUS ZALOPHI ON JUVENILE GALAPAGOS SEA LIONS (ZALOPHUS WOLLEBAEKI)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 49(3), 581–590.

By: B. Phillips, D. Paez-Rosas, J. Flowers*, J. Cullen*, J. Law*, C. Colitz, D. Deresienski*, K. Lohmann, G. Lewbart*

author keywords: Conjunctival biopsy; eye trematode; Galapagos sea lion; Philophthalmus zalophi; Zalophus wollebaeki
MeSH headings : Aging; Animals; Ecuador / epidemiology; Eye Diseases / epidemiology; Eye Diseases / parasitology; Eye Diseases / veterinary; Sea Lions / parasitology; Trematoda / classification; Trematode Infections / epidemiology; Trematode Infections / parasitology; Trematode Infections / veterinary
TL;DR: The histopathologic changes and gross lesions were likely due to the parasite's attachment to the conjunctiva, and further research is warranted to detail the life cycle of this parasite, transmission to sea lions, and potential treatment protocols. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 21, 2019

2018 journal article

Field-Based Radiographic Imaging of Marine Megafauna: Marine Iguanas (Amblyrhynchus cristatus) as a Case Study

FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE, 5(FEB).

By: G. Lewbart n, E. Cohen n, M. Hirschfeld*, J. Pablo Munoz-Perez*, J. Garcia*, A. Fu, E. Chen, K. Lohmann*

Contributors: G. Lewbart n, E. Cohen n, M. Hirschfeld*, J. Muñoz-Pérez*, J. García*, A. Fu, E. Chen, K. Lohmann*

author keywords: marine iguana; Amblyrhynchus cristatus; radiography; shrinking; skeletal anatomy
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: February 11, 2019

2018 journal article

HEMOLYMPH CHEMISTRY REFERENCE RANGES OF THE CHILEAN ROSE TARANTULA GRAMMOSTOLA ROSEA (WALKENAER, 1837) USING THE VETSCAN BIOCHEMISTRY ANALYZER BASED ON IFCC-CLSI C28-A(3)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 49(3), 528–534.

By: M. Eichelmann & G. Lewbart*

author keywords: Arachnida; Grammostola rosea; hemolymph chemistry; spider; Theraphosidae; VetScan
MeSH headings : Albumins / chemistry; Animals; Aspartate Aminotransferases / chemistry; Aspartate Aminotransferases / metabolism; Calcium / chemistry; Creatine Kinase; Female; Glucaric Acid / chemistry; Hemolymph / chemistry; Phosphorus; Potassium / chemistry; Proteins / chemistry; Reference Values; Sodium / chemistry; Spiders / physiology; Uric Acid / chemistry
TL;DR: Hemolymph samples were drawn from wild caught, acclimatized, and apparently healthy female Chilean rose tarantulas Grammostola rosea to establish statistically sound reference ranges for aspartate aminotransferase, creatine kinase, glucose, phosphorus, and total protein. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 21, 2019

2018 journal article

Haematology and biochemistry of the San Cristobal Lava Lizard (Microlophus bivittatus)

CONSERVATION PHYSIOLOGY, 6.

By: R. Arguedas*, D. Steinberg*, G. Lewbart n, D. Deresienski n, K. Lohmann*, J. Pablo Munoz-Perez*, C. Valle*

author keywords: Biochemistry; Galapagos; haematology; health assessment; Microlophus bivittatus; San Cristobal lava lizard
TL;DR: Haematology and biochemistry values of the San Cristóbal lava lizard Microlophus bivittatus, along with several other health parameters (morphometrics and temperature), are reported for the first time. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: October 19, 2018

2018 journal article

Health Status of Great Frigatebirds (Fregata minor) Determined by Haematology, Biochemistry, Blood Gases, and Physical Examination

CONSERVATION PHYSIOLOGY, 6.

By: C. Valle*, C. Ulloa*, D. Deresienski n, C. Regalado*, J. Munoz-Perez*, J. Garcia*, B. Hardesty*, A. Skehel*, G. Lewbart n

author keywords: Biochemistry; blood gases; Fregata minor; Galapagos Islands; health status; haematology; San Cristobal
TL;DR: This study presents important morphometric and health parameters of 55 great frigatebirds from two locations on the Galápagos archipelago to add to baseline health assessment values and provides reference blood parameter intervals. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

Health status assessment of traumatic injury freshwater turtles

PLOS ONE, 13(8).

By: A. Savo n, Y. Zheng n, Y. Zheng n & G. Lewbart n

MeSH headings : Animals; Blood Chemical Analysis / statistics & numerical data; Blood Chemical Analysis / veterinary; Blood Gas Analysis / statistics & numerical data; Blood Gas Analysis / veterinary; Blood Proteins / analysis; Conservation of Natural Resources; Decision Trees; Female; Fresh Water; Health Status; Hematocrit / statistics & numerical data; Hematocrit / veterinary; Logistic Models; Male; North Carolina; Prognosis; Turtles / blood; Turtles / injuries
TL;DR: A group of injured yellow-bellied sliders and river cooters were evaluated for a variety of health values at presentation to the NC State Turtle Rescue Team and prior to release, as well as differences between surviving and non-surviving turtles. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: October 19, 2018

2018 journal article

Identification of Hemotropic Mycoplasmas in an Eastern Box Turtle (Terrapene carolina carolina) and a Yellow-bellied Slider (Trachemys scripta scripta) from North Carolina, USA

Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 54(2), 371–374.

By: J. Jarred n, G. Lewbart n, K. Stover n, B. Thomas n, R. Maggi n & E. Breitschwerdt n

author keywords: Chelonian; hemoplasma; hemotropic mycoplasma; PCR; wildlife
MeSH headings : Animals; Mycoplasma / classification; Mycoplasma / genetics; Mycoplasma / isolation & purification; Mycoplasma Infections / epidemiology; Mycoplasma Infections / microbiology; Mycoplasma Infections / veterinary; North Carolina / epidemiology; Phylogeny; Turtles / microbiology
TL;DR: Based upon sequencing of the 16S rRNA subunit, one eastern box turtle and one yellow-bellied slider were infected with Mycoplasma spp. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic effects in koi carp (Cyprinus carpio) following immersion in propofol

VETERINARY ANAESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA, 45(4), 529–538.

By: A. Oda n, K. Messenger n, L. Carbajal n, L. Posner n, B. Gardner n, S. Hammer n, A. Cerreta n, G. Lewbart n, K. Bailey n

author keywords: fish; immersion; koi carp; pharmacodynamics; pharmacokinetics; propofol
MeSH headings : Anesthesia Recovery Period; Animals; Carps / metabolism; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / veterinary; Deep Sedation / methods; Deep Sedation / veterinary; Heart Rate / drug effects; Hypnotics and Sedatives / administration & dosage; Hypnotics and Sedatives / blood; Hypnotics and Sedatives / pharmacokinetics; Hypnotics and Sedatives / pharmacology; Immersion; Propofol / administration & dosage; Propofol / blood; Propofol / pharmacokinetics; Propofol / pharmacology
TL;DR: Measurable PPCs were achieved in koi carp anesthetized with propofol by immersion, but recovery time was not. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: October 16, 2018

2018 journal article

Pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin and ciprofloxacin in Atlantic horseshoe crabs (Limulus polyphemus) after single injection

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS, 41(2), 349–353.

By: A. Kirby n, G. Lewbart n, A. Hancock-Ronemus* & M. Papich n

MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage; Anti-Bacterial Agents / analysis; Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacokinetics; Ciprofloxacin / administration & dosage; Ciprofloxacin / analysis; Ciprofloxacin / pharmacokinetics; Enrofloxacin; Fluoroquinolones / administration & dosage; Fluoroquinolones / analysis; Fluoroquinolones / pharmacokinetics; Half-Life; Hemolymph / chemistry; Horseshoe Crabs / metabolism; Injections / veterinary; Male
TL;DR: Concentrations that were achieved after a single dose of 5 mg/kg horseshoe crabs were sufficient to treat bacteria susceptible to enrofloxacin and ciprofl oxacin. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

Pharmacokinetics of ketorolac in wild Eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina ) after single intramuscular administration

Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 11.

By: A. Cerreta n, C. Masterson n, G. Lewbart n, D. Dise n & M. Papich n

MeSH headings : Analgesia / methods; Analgesia / veterinary; Analgesics / administration & dosage; Analgesics / blood; Analgesics / pharmacokinetics; Animals; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / veterinary; Female; Half-Life; Injections, Intramuscular / veterinary; Ketorolac / administration & dosage; Ketorolac / blood; Ketorolac / pharmacokinetics; Male; Turtles / blood; Turtles / metabolism
TL;DR: It is concluded that this long T1/2 for a dose of 0.25 mg/kg ketorolac-injected IM provides plasma levels above a previously published target level for 24-hour analgesia to allow for once daily dosing. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: February 11, 2019

2018 journal article

Population pharmacokinetics of ceftazidime after a single intramuscular injection in wild turtles

Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 41(4), 495–501.

By: A. Cerreta n, G. Lewbart n, D. Dise n & M. Papich n

author keywords: ceftazidime; nonlinear mixed-effects modeling; pharmacokinetics; turtles
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage; Anti-Bacterial Agents / blood; Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacokinetics; Ceftazidime / administration & dosage; Ceftazidime / blood; Ceftazidime / pharmacokinetics; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / veterinary; Injections, Intramuscular / veterinary; Turtles / blood; Turtles / metabolism
TL;DR: This investigation used a population pharmacokinetic approach to study ceftazidime in wild turtles presented for rehabilitation, and concluded that this long T½ will allow for a dose of 20 mg/kg injected IM to maintain concentrations above the MIC of most wild-type bacteria for 5 days. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2018 journal article

Veterinary Medical Students' Motivations for Exercise

Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, 45(3), 367–373.

By: K. Royal n, S. Hunt n, L. Gonzalez n, G. Lewbart n & K. Bailey n

author keywords: academic affairs; curriculum; environment; outcomes; psychology; public health; student affairs; student health and well-being
MeSH headings : Adult; Animals; Education, Veterinary; Exercise; Female; Humans; Male; Motivation; North Carolina; Students, Medical / psychology; Surveys and Questionnaires; Young Adult
TL;DR: This study is the first to explore what motivates veterinary medical students to exercise given their unique situational and environmental factors and it is the authors' hope that the findings will help identify exercise-related wellness interventions that could be implemented in veterinary medical schools. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID, Crossref
Added: October 19, 2018

2017 journal article

BIOCHEMISTRY PANEL REFERENCE INTERVALS FOR JUVENILE GOLDFISH (CARASSIUS AURATUS)

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 48(3), 776–785.

By: L. Adamovicz, M. Trosclair & G. Lewbart*

author keywords: Biochemistry panel; blood values; Carassius auratus; goldfish; reference interval
MeSH headings : Aging / blood; Aging / physiology; Animals; Aspartate Aminotransferases / blood; Blood Glucose; Calcium / blood; Creatine Kinase / blood; Goldfish / blood; Goldfish / physiology; Hematocrit / veterinary; Phosphorus / blood; Potassium / blood; Reference Values; Sodium / blood; Uric Acid / blood
TL;DR: This study establishes de novo reference intervals for packed cell volume and total solids in goldfish using 47 apparently healthy immature goldfish, and for 11 common chemistry panel analytes using 39 immature gold fish. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 22, 2019

2017 journal article

Blood gases, biochemistry and haematology of Galapagos hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata)

CONSERVATION PHYSIOLOGY, 5.

By: J. Pablo Munoz-Perez*, G. Lewbart n, M. Hirschfeld*, D. Alarcon-Ruales*, J. Denkinger*, J. Guillermo Castaneda*, J. Garcia*, K. Lohmann*

author keywords: Biochemistry; blood gas; chelonians; Eretmochelys imbricata; Hawksbill turtle; health; haematology; reptiles
TL;DR: The values reported in this study provide reference data that may be useful in comparisons among populations and in detecting changes in health status among Galápagos sea turtles and might also be helpful in future efforts to demonstrate associations between specific biochemical parameters and disease or environmental disasters. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 journal article

Effects of alfaxalone administered intravenously to healthy yearling loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) at three different doses

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 250(8), 909–917.

By: B. Phillips, L. Posner*, G. Lewbart*, E. Christiansen & C. Harms*

MeSH headings : Anesthetics, Intravenous / administration & dosage; Anesthetics, Intravenous / pharmacology; Animals; Animals, Wild / physiology; Cross-Over Studies; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Heart Rate / drug effects; Pregnanediones / administration & dosage; Pregnanediones / pharmacology; Treatment Outcome; Turtles / physiology
TL;DR: Alfaxalone administration to loggerhead sea turtles resulted in a rapid anesthetic induction and dose-dependent duration of sedation and ventilation is recommended if the 10 mg/kg dose is administered. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 journal article

HEALTH STATUS OF RED-FOOTED BOOBIES (SULA SULA) DETERMINED BY HEMATOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY, BLOOD GASES, AND PHYSICAL EXAMINATION

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 48(4), 1230–1233.

By: G. Lewbart*, C. Ulloa, D. Deresienski*, C. Regalado, J. Munoz-Perez, J. Garcia, B. Hardesty, C. Valle

author keywords: Biochemistry; blood gases; Galapagos Islands; health status; hematology; Sula sula
MeSH headings : Animals; Bicarbonates / blood; Birds / blood; Blood Glucose; Calcium / blood; Carbon Dioxide / blood; Ecuador; Hematocrit; Hemoglobins; Oxygen / blood; Physical Examination / veterinary; Potassium / blood; Reference Values; Sodium / blood
TL;DR: Blood samples drawn from 31 manually restrained red-footed boobies that were captured by hand from their nests at Punta Pitt on San Cristóbal Island provided baseline data that can be used for comparisons among populations and in detecting changes in health status among Galápagos red-Footed Booby. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 journal article

Intraocular pressure in American Bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana) measured with rebound and applanation tonometry

VETERINARY OPHTHALMOLOGY, 20(6), 526–532.

By: S. Cannizzo n, G. Lewbart n & H. Westermeyer n

author keywords: American Bullfrog; intraocular pressure; Rana catesbeiana; tonometry; Tono-Pen AVIA Vet (R); TonoVet (R)
MeSH headings : Animals; Calibration; Female; Intraocular Pressure; Male; Rana catesbeiana / physiology; Reference Values; Tonometry, Ocular / veterinary
TL;DR: The rebound tonometer is the preferable tonometer for American Bullfrogs because it was more precise and it was faster and easier to use. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 journal article

Invertebrate Oncology

Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice, 20(1), 1–19.

By: A. Newton* & G. Lewbart*

MeSH headings : Animals; Invertebrates; Neoplasms / diagnosis; Neoplasms / therapy; Neoplasms / veterinary
TL;DR: Neoplasia is a documented occurrence across invertebrate taxa, but challenges remain with regard to tumor diagnosis and treatment, and traditional methods of veterinary diagnosis are encouraged but the anatomy and tissue biology of each invertebrates species need to be considered. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 25, 2020

2017 journal article

Laboratory evaluation of different formulations of Stress Coat® for slime production in goldfish (Carassius auratus) and koi (Cyprinus carpio)

PeerJ, 5, e3759.

By: R. Shivappa*, L. Christian*, J. Law n & G. Lewbart n

author keywords: Stress Coat (R); Goldfish; Koi; Mucus production; Polyvinylpyrrolidone; Wound healing
TL;DR: Results showed that polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), also known as povidone, an ingredient of Stress Coat®, when used alone, showed significantly higher slime production in goldfish than salt and Stress Coat® without PVP after 25 h. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 22, 2019

2017 journal article

MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY OF WILD TURTLES AT A NORTH CAROLINA WILDLIFE CLINIC: A 10-YEAR RETROSPECTIVE

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 48(3), 716–724.

By: A. Sack, E. Butler, P. Cowen & G. Lewbart*

author keywords: Anthropogenic; mortality; rehabilitation; reptile; turtle; wildlife
MeSH headings : Animals; Conservation of Natural Resources; Female; Infections / epidemiology; Infections / mortality; Infections / veterinary; Male; North Carolina / epidemiology; Retrospective Studies; Turtles; Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology; Wounds and Injuries / mortality; Wounds and Injuries / veterinary
TL;DR: The medical records from 1,847 wild turtle patients seen between 2005 and 2014 were analyzed and added to the knowledge about the treatment of injured and diseased wild turtles in order to potentially ameliorate the overall impact of humans, especially as a result of vehicular trauma. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 22, 2019

2017 journal article

PROPOFOL AS AN IMMERSION ANESTHETIC AND IN A MINIMUM ANESTHETIC CONCENTRATION (MAC) REDUCTION MODEL IN GOLDFISH (CARASSIUS AURATUS)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 48(1), 48–54.

By: J. Balko, S. Wilson, G. Lewbart*, B. Gaines* & L. Posner*

author keywords: Analgesia; Anesthesia; Carassius auratus; Goldfish; Propofol
MeSH headings : Anesthesia / methods; Anesthesia / veterinary; Animals; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Drug Administration Schedule; Goldfish; Hypnotics and Sedatives / administration & dosage; Hypnotics and Sedatives / blood; Hypnotics and Sedatives / pharmacokinetics; Hypnotics and Sedatives / pharmacology; Propofol / administration & dosage; Propofol / blood; Propofol / pharmacokinetics; Propofol / pharmacology
TL;DR: Propofol at 5 and 10 mg/L produced anesthesia, and anesthetic needs were similar following repeated exposure, and propofol was not suitable to test MAC reduction in goldfish in this study. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 journal article

Plasma propofol concentrations and pharmacodynamic effects in koi carp ( Cyprinus carpio ) following exposure via immersion

Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 44(5), 1262.e4–1262.e5.

By: A. Oda n, K. Messenger n, L. Carbajal n, B. Gardner n, S. Hammer n, A. Cerreta n, G. Lewbart n, L. Posner n, K. Bailey n

Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 25, 2020

2016 journal article

A comparison of blood gases, biochemistry, and hematology to ecomorphology in a health assessment of pinfish (Lagodon rhomboides)

PEERJ, 4.

By: S. Collins*, A. Dornburg*, J. Flores*, D. Dombrowski* & G. Lewbart n

author keywords: Sparidae; Hematology; Geometric morphometrics; Plasma biochemistry; Feeding ecology
TL;DR: This study establishes blood chemistry and hematological baseline parameters for the pinfish Lagodon rhomboides, a small marine teleost that is among the most dominant members of near-shore estuarine communities of the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Calcium urolithiasis in a breeding population of southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) housed in a low salinity environment

Veterinary Quarterly, 36(1), 50–54.

By: J. Applegate n, G. Lewbart n, H. Daniels n, A. Gill n & M. Stoskopf n

author keywords: southern flounder; Paralichthys lethostigma; hypo-osmolality; calcium; urolith; ultrasonography
MeSH headings : Animals; Aquaculture; Fish Diseases / diagnosis; Fish Diseases / etiology; Flatfishes; Salinity; Urinary Bladder Calculi / diagnosis; Urinary Bladder Calculi / etiology; Urinary Bladder Calculi / veterinary
TL;DR: This work presents a novel and scalable model that allows for real-time, 3D analysis of the immune response to exotic animal diseases and its applications in clinical and environmental medicine. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Descriptive Epidemiology for Turtles Admitted to the North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine Turtle Rescue Team

JOURNAL OF FISH AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT, 7(2), 520–525.

By: L. Stranahan n, K. Alpi n, R. Passingham n, T. Kosmerick n & G. Lewbart n

author keywords: epidemiology; medical records; North Carolina; turtles; southeastern United States
TL;DR: This report summarizes 2,613 turtle cases examined between 1996 and 2012 by the Turtle Rescue Team, including 12 native species of turtle from 63 North Carolina counties, including 10 of known sex were evenly distributed. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Health Status of Galapagos Sea Lions (Zalophus wollebaeki) on San Cristobal Island Rookeries Determined by Hematology, Biochemistry, Blood Gases, and Physical Examination

JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE DISEASES, 52(1), 100–105.

author keywords: Biochemistry; blood gases; Galapagos Islands; health status; hematology; Zalophus wollebaeki
MeSH headings : Animals; Blood Chemical Analysis / veterinary; Blood Gas Analysis / veterinary; Ecuador; Health Status; Hematologic Tests / veterinary; Physical Examination / veterinary; Sea Lions / anatomy & histology; Sea Lions / blood
TL;DR: Average heart rate, biochemistry, and hematology parameters were comparable with healthy individuals of other pinniped species, and Hemoglobin was significantly correlated with body condition of juvenile Galápagos sea lions. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Histopathologic evaluation of postmortem autolytic changes in bluegill (Lepomis macrohirus) and crappie (Pomoxis anularis) at varied time intervals and storage temperatures

PEERJ, 4.

By: J. George n, A. Van Wettere*, B. Michaels, D. Crain & G. Lewbart n

author keywords: Autolysis; Bluegill; Lepomis macrohirus; Crappie; Pomoxis anularis; Histology
TL;DR: Data showed that immediate harvesting of fresh samples provides the best quality and refrigeration would be the preferred method of storage if sample collection had to be delayed for up to 24 h, and the gill arch, intestinal tract, followed by the liver and kidney were the most sensitive organs to autolysis. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

POPULATION PHARMACOKINETICS OF ENROFLOXACIN AND ITS METABOLITE CIPROFLOXACIN IN THE GREEN SEA URCHIN (STRONGYLOCENTROTUS DROEBACHIENSIS) FOLLOWING INTRACOELOMIC AND IMMERSION ADMINISTRATION

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 47(1), 175–186.

By: B. Phillips, C. Harms*, G. Lewbart*, L. Lahner, M. Haulena, J. Rosenberg, M. Papich*

author keywords: Ciprofloxacin; echinoderms; enrofloxacin; green sea urchin; pharmacokinetics; Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage; Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacokinetics; Ciprofloxacin / administration & dosage; Ciprofloxacin / pharmacokinetics; Drug Administration Routes; Enrofloxacin; Fluoroquinolones / administration & dosage; Fluoroquinolones / pharmacokinetics; Strongylocentrotus / metabolism
TL;DR: The concentrations of enrofloxacin achieved far exceeded minimum inhibitory concentrations reported for teleost pathogens, indicating minimal production of this metabolite in the green sea urchin. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Population pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin in purple sea stars (Pisaster ochraceus) following an intracoelomic injection or extended immersion

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH, 77(11), 1266–1275.

By: J. Rosenberg, M. Haulena, B. Phillips, C. Harms*, G. Lewbart*, L. Lahner, M. Papich*

MeSH headings : Animals; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Enrofloxacin; Fluoroquinolones / pharmacokinetics; Half-Life; Injections, Intravenous; Microbial Sensitivity Tests; Starfish / metabolism
TL;DR: Results suggested that the described enrofloxacin administration resulted in water vascular system fluid drug concentrations expected to exceed the minimum inhibitory concentration for many bacterial pathogens. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

TRICAINE METHANESULFONATE (MS-222) SEDATION AND ANESTHESIA IN THE PURPLE-SPINED SEA URCHIN (ARBACIA PUNCTULATA)

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 47(4), 1025–1033.

By: J. Applegate, D. Dombrowski, L. Christian, M. Bayer, C. Harms* & G. Lewbart*

author keywords: Anesthesia; Arbacia punctulata; MS-222; purple-spined sea urchin; sedation; tricaine methanesulfonate
MeSH headings : Aminobenzoates / administration & dosage; Aminobenzoates / pharmacology; Anesthesia; Anesthetics / administration & dosage; Anesthetics / pharmacology; Animals; Arbacia / drug effects; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
TL;DR: The parameters assessed in this study provide a baseline for sea urchin anesthesia and may provide helpful comparisons to similar species and populations that are in need of anesthesia for surgical procedures or research. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: February 22, 2019

2016 personal communication

Veterinary licensing in US waters outside of state jurisdiction

By: G. Karreman, L. Hanson, M. Kebus, G. Lewbart, T. Loch & A. Scarfe

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

"I had a professor who said if octopuses ever evolved into terrestrial creatures, they'd rule the world"

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 247(2), 126–128.

By: G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Blood gases, biochemistry and haematology of Galapagos marine iguanas (Amblyrhynchus cristatus)

CONSERVATION PHYSIOLOGY, 3.

By: G. Lewbart n, M. Hirschfeld*, J. Brothers*, J. Pablo Munoz-Perez*, J. Denkinger*, L. Vinueza*, J. Garcia*, K. Lohmann*

author keywords: Amblyrhynchus cristatus; biochemistry; blood gas; health; haematology; marine iguana
TL;DR: The values reported in this study provide baseline data that may be useful in comparisons among populations and in detecting changes in health status among marine iguanas affected by natural disturbances or anthropogenic threats. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

CYSTIC UROLITHIASIS IN CAPTIVE WAXY MONKEY FROGS (PHYLLOMEDUSA SAUVAGII)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 46(1), 105–112.

By: K. Archibald*, L. Minter*, D. Dombrowski, . Jodi L. O'Brien & G. Lewbart*

author keywords: Ammonium urate; amphibian; cystic calculi; cystotomy; Phyllomedusa sauvagii; uricotelic
MeSH headings : Animals; Female; Male; Ranidae; Urolithiasis / pathology; Urolithiasis / surgery; Urolithiasis / veterinary
TL;DR: Preventative measures, such as supplying a diversified and balanced diet in addition to environmental manipulation aimed at promoting adequate hydration, are anticipated to be more-rewarding management tools for cystic urolithiasis in the waxy monkey frog. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Laboratory Evaluation of Safety and Efficacy for Melafix (Melaleuca cajuputi Extract)

Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine, 24(2), 188–192.

By: R. Shivappa, L. Christian*, E. Noga, J. Law n & G. Lewbart n

author keywords: Melafix; aquarium; water quality; goldfish; clownfish; MIC
TL;DR: The use of Melafix on goldfish and clownfish appears to be safe as no adverse effects were noted during the experimental period, and suggests that anecdotal benefits ofMelafix are not owing to antibacterial activity. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Phacoemulsification and aspiration for cataract management in a dollar sunfish,Lepomis marginatus(Holbrook) - a case report

Journal of Fish Diseases, 38(12), 1089–1092.

By: L. Adamovicz n, G. Lewbart n & B. Gilger n

author keywords: cataract; dollar sunfish; extracapsular lens extraction; Lepomis marginatus; phacoemulsification
MeSH headings : Animals; Cataract / therapy; Cataract / veterinary; Fish Diseases / therapy; Male; Perciformes; Phacoemulsification / methods; Phacoemulsification / veterinary; Suction / methods; Suction / veterinary
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Plasma Protein Electrophoresis and Acute Phase Proteins in Koi Carp (Cyprinus carpio) Following Exploratory Coeliotomy

Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine, 24(1), 76–83.

By: E. Christiansen n, C. Cray*, G. Lewbart n & C. Harms n

author keywords: acute phase response; koi carp; Cyprinus carpio; protein electrophoresis; surgery
TL;DR: Despite grossly evident inflammation of the incision line, either this surgical procedure did not stimulate a marked systemic inflammatory response, or the available assays are not effective in detecting the acute phase inflammatory response in this fish species. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries, Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

A simple animal model to learn the techniques of discrepancy vascular microanastomoses

PLASTIC SURGERY, 22(1), 30–33.

By: F. Leclere*, F. Kolb*, G. Lewbart n, V. Casoli* & E. Vogelin*

author keywords: Earthworms; Experimental model; Microanastomoses; Microsurgery
TL;DR: The earthworm appears to be a reliable experimental model for microsurgical training of discrepancy microanastomoses and its numerous advantages show that this model of training will significantly grow and develop in the near future. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

ALFAXALONE AS AN INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTABLE ANESTHETIC IN KOI CARP (CYPRINUS CARPIO)

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 45(4), 852–858.

By: K. Bailey*, L. Minter*, G. Lewbart*, C. Harms*, E. Griffith* & L. Posner*

author keywords: Alfaxalone; anesthesia; Cyprinus carpio; injectable; koi carp
MeSH headings : Anesthesia / veterinary; Anesthetics / administration & dosage; Anesthetics / pharmacology; Animals; Carps; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Injections, Intramuscular; Pregnanediones / administration & dosage; Pregnanediones / pharmacology
TL;DR: Intramuscular alfaxalone cannot be recommended for anesthesia in koi carp due to variation in response despite consistent conditions, as well as risk of mortality. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Blood Gases, Biochemistry, and Hematology of Galapagos Green Turtles (Chelonia Mydas)

PLOS ONE, 9(5).

By: G. Lewbart n, M. Hirschfeld*, J. Denkinger*, K. Vasco*, N. Guevara*, J. Garcia*, J. Munoz*, K. Lohmann*

MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Wild / blood; Bicarbonates / blood; Blood Cell Count; Blood Gas Analysis; Blood Glucose; Ecuador; Health Status; Lactic Acid / blood; Male; Reference Values; Turtles / blood
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Collection and characterization of semen from Chilean rose tarantulas (Grammostola rosea)

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH, 75(10), 929–936.

By: K. Archibald n, L. Minter*, G. Lewbart* & C. Bailey

TL;DR: Fluorescent staining to distinguish live from dead spermatozoa appeared to be a useful tool for semen evaluation in this species. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Edwardsiella tarda and Aeromonas hydrophila isolated from diseased Southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) are virulent to channel catfish and Nile tilapia

Journal of Coastal Life Medicine, 5.

By: N. Libraries

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 22, 2019

2014 journal article

Evaluation of five different suture materials in the skin of the earthworm (Lumbricus terrestris)

SpringerPlus, 3(1), 423.

By: M. Salgado*, G. Lewbart n, L. Christian*, E. Griffith n & J. Law n

author keywords: Earthworm; Healing; Immune response; Lumbricus terrestris; Suture material
TL;DR: The results indicate polyglactin 910 would be the best suture material with regards to tissue security and reaction scores, while Chromic gut occupies the next position but there were problems with suture security over time. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 22, 2019

2014 journal article

Physiologic and biochemical assessments of koi (Cyprinus carpio) following immersion in propofol

JAVMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 245(11), 1286–1291.

By: A. Oda n, K. Bailey*, G. Lewbart*, E. Griffith* & L. Posner*

MeSH headings : Animals; Carps; Cross-Over Studies; Hypnotics and Sedatives / administration & dosage; Hypnotics and Sedatives / pharmacology; Propofol / administration & dosage; Propofol / pharmacology
TL;DR: Immersion in propofol at concentrations ≥ 2.5 mg/L induced general anesthesia in koi and maintenance of anesthesia with prop ofol for 20 minutes was associated with prolonged recovery times in 2 of 9 fish and death in 1 of 9 koi. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

The efficacy of alfaxalone for immersion anesthesia in koi carp (Cyprinus carpio)

Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 41(4), 398–405.

By: L. Minter n, K. Bailey n, C. Harms n, G. Lewbart n & L. Posner n

author keywords: alfaxalone; Alfaxan; anesthetic; Cyprinus carpio; fish; koi carp
MeSH headings : Anesthetics / administration & dosage; Anesthetics / pharmacology; Animals; Bicarbonates / blood; Carbon Dioxide / blood; Carps; Cross-Over Studies; Drug Administration Routes / veterinary; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Lactates / blood; Oxygen / blood; Pregnanediones / administration & dosage; Pregnanediones / pharmacology; Temperature
TL;DR: Administration of alfaxalone, via water immersion, as an induction and maintenance anesthesia agent provided rapid and reliable anesthesia of koi with no mortality. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Zinc toxicosis in a brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis Mitchill

JOURNAL OF FISH DISEASES, 37(4), 397–399.

By: J. Dreyfuss n, J. Geyer n, M. Stamper n, A. Baldessari n & G. Lewbart n

author keywords: brook trout; zinc; Salvelinus fontinalis; toxicity
MeSH headings : Animals; Fish Diseases / chemically induced; Fish Diseases / pathology; Male; North Carolina; Trout; Zinc / toxicity
TL;DR: This case report describes an instance of apparent zinc toxicosis in a captive brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis Mitchill, which had ingested a 1995 U.S. penny and was killed with an overdose of tricaine methanesulfonate. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Comparison of Isoflurane and Carbon Dioxide Anesthesia in Chilean Rose Tarantulas (Grammostola rosea)

ZOO BIOLOGY, 32(1), 101–103.

By: D. Dombrowski n, R. De Voe* & G. Lewbart n

author keywords: anesthesia; Chilean rose tarantula; Grammostola rosea; carbon dioxide; isoflurane; spider
MeSH headings : Anesthesia / methods; Animals; Carbon Dioxide / pharmacology; Isoflurane / pharmacology; Spiders / drug effects
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

EFFICACY OF ALFAXALONE FOR INTRAVASCULAR ANESTHESIA AND EUTHANASIA IN BLUE CRABS (CALLINECTES SAPIDUS)

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 44(3), 694–699.

By: L. Minter n, C. Harms*, K. Archibald*, H. Broadhurst, K. Bailey*, E. Christiansen*, G. Lewbart*, L. Posner*

author keywords: Alfaxalone; Alfaxan (R); anesthetic; blue crab; Callinectes sapidus; euthanasia
MeSH headings : Anesthetics / pharmacology; Animals; Brachyura; Euthanasia, Animal / methods; Female; Pregnanediones / pharmacology
TL;DR: In summary, the intravascular administration of alfaxalone at 15 mg/kg provided rapid and reliable sedation, whereasAlfaxalone administered at 100mg/kg produced rapid and long lasting anesthesia. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Is There Good Simulation Basic Training for End-To-Side Vascular Microanastomoses?

AESTHETIC PLASTIC SURGERY, 37(2), 454–458.

By: F. Leclere*, M. Trelles*, G. Lewbart n & E. Voegelin

author keywords: Earthworms; Microanastomoses; Microsurgery; Experimental model
MeSH headings : Anastomosis, Surgical / education; Anastomosis, Surgical / methods; Animals; Linear Models; Microsurgery / education; Microsurgery / methods; Models, Animal; Oligochaeta; Operative Time; Task Performance and Analysis; Vascular Surgical Procedures / education; Vascular Surgical Procedures / methods
TL;DR: The earthworm appears to be a reliable experimental model for microsurgical training of end-to-side microanastomoses and its numerous advantages are discussed here and it is predicted training on earthworms will significantly grow and develop in the near future. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Microsurgery and liver research: Lumbricus terrestris, a reliable animal model for training?

CLINICS AND RESEARCH IN HEPATOLOGY AND GASTROENTEROLOGY, 37(2), 166–170.

By: F. Leclere*, G. Lewbart n, R. Rieben* & E. Voegelin

MeSH headings : Anastomosis, Surgical / education; Animals; Learning Curve; Microsurgery / education; Models, Animal; Oligochaeta; Prospective Studies
TL;DR: The earthworm appears to be a reliable experimental model for microsurgical training, more ethical than using rats, less expensive than vertebrate animal models, and allows the operator to gain in both confidence and time of execution. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

BODY TEMPERATURES OF SELECTED AMPHIBIAN AND REPTILE SPECIES

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 43(3), 517–521.

By: M. Raske n, G. Lewbart*, D. Dombrowski*, P. Hale, M. Correa & L. Christian*

author keywords: Amphibians; reptiles; ectotherm; body temperature
MeSH headings : Amphibians / classification; Amphibians / physiology; Animals; Body Temperature Regulation / physiology; Reptiles / classification; Reptiles / physiology; Species Specificity
TL;DR: This study indicates some ectotherms are able to regulate their body temperatures independent of their environment and Investigation of basic physiologic parameters (heart rate, respiratory rate, and body temperature) from a diverse population of healthy ectothermic vertebrates may provide baseline data for a systematic health care approach. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

CLINICAL ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA IN INVERTEBRATES

JOURNAL OF EXOTIC PET MEDICINE, 21(1), 59–70.

By: G. Lewbart n & C. Mosley

author keywords: analgesia; anesthesia; arthropods; invertebrates, mollusks; nociception; pain management
TL;DR: A general overview of anesthetics and analgesics used in selective invertebrates and the discovery of nociceptive pathways similar to those in vertebrates is presented. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

DORSAL LAMINECTOMY IN A TWO-TOED AMPHIUMA (AMPHIUMA MEANS)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 43(4), 927–930.

By: B. Waffa*, A. Montgerard, M. Grafinger, L. Christian*, D. Dombrowski & G. Lewbart*

author keywords: amphibian; amphiuma; kyphosis; laminectomy; scoliosis
MeSH headings : Animals; Kyphosis; Laminectomy / veterinary; Male; Spine / abnormalities; Urodela
TL;DR: Clinical signs suggests that surgical decompression of the spine was clinically successful short term, but the patient deteriorated for reasons possibly related, although not directly attributable, to the surgery. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

EVALUATION OF CYCLOOXYGENASE PROTEIN EXPRESSION IN TRAUMATIZED VERSUS NORMAL TISSUES FROM EASTERN BOX TURTLES (TERRAPENE CAROLINA CAROLINA)

Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 43(2), 289–295.

By: L. Royal n, B. Lascelles, G. Lewbart*, M. Correa & S. Jones*

author keywords: Chelonian; eastern box turtle; Terrapene carolina; cyclooxygenase-1; cyclooxygenase-2; nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
MeSH headings : Animals; Cyclooxygenase 1 / genetics; Cyclooxygenase 1 / metabolism; Cyclooxygenase 2 / genetics; Cyclooxygenase 2 / metabolism; Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic / physiology; Muscle, Skeletal / enzymology; Turtles; Wounds and Injuries / metabolism; Wounds and Injuries / veterinary
TL;DR: Traditional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that block both COX isoforms might be more efficacious than COX-2–selective drugs, and NSAIDs should be evaluated for potential liver and kidney toxicity in turtles. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: January 22, 2019

2012 journal article

Green algal infection of American horseshoe crab (Limulus polyphemus) exoskeletal structures

JOURNAL OF INVERTEBRATE PATHOLOGY, 111(1), 90–93.

By: H. Braverman*, L. Leibovitz* & G. Lewbart n

author keywords: Limulus polyphemus; Horseshoe crab; Green algae; Disease
MeSH headings : Animals; Chlorophyta; Horseshoe Crabs
TL;DR: Degenerative lesions in the dorsum of the horseshoe crab exoskeleton, eyes, arthrodial membrane, and base of the telson were documented in a population of wild caught laboratory animals and the causative agent was confirmed to be a green algae of the family Ulvaceae. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 book

Invertebrate medicine

By: N. Libraries

Sources: NC State University Libraries, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Plasma biochemistry and condition of confiscated hatchling pig-nosed turtles (Carettochelys insculpta)

Herpetological Conservation and Biology, 7(1), 38–45.

By: J. Ward, K. Hall, L. Christian & G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2012 journal article

Suspected lead toxicosis in an electric eel, Electrophorus electricus (L.)

JOURNAL OF FISH DISEASES, 35(8), 603–606.

By: L. Minter n, M. Stoskopf n, M. Serrano n, O. Burrus* & G. Lewbart n

author keywords: Electric eel; Electrophorus electricus; lead toxicosis
MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Zoo; Blood Chemical Analysis; Electrophorus; Fatal Outcome; Fish Diseases / diagnostic imaging; Fish Diseases / pathology; Fish Diseases / surgery; Foreign Bodies / surgery; Foreign Bodies / veterinary; Gills / pathology; Lead / blood; Lead Poisoning / pathology; Lead Poisoning / veterinary; Radiography; Toxemia / pathology; Toxemia / veterinary
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2011 journal article

CLINICAL CHALLENGE

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 42(4), 770–773.

By: A. Ardente n, L. Christian*, L. Borst* & G. Lewbart*

MeSH headings : Animals; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / veterinary; Fatal Outcome; Male; Skin Neoplasms / pathology; Skin Neoplasms / veterinary; Turtles
TL;DR: A 3.5-yr-old, male red-eared slider was presented to the North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine Veterinary Teaching Hospital (NCSU-CVM VTH) in June 2009 for evaluation of a unilateral progressive soft tissue facial swelling, and treatment with surgical exploration and debridement of the mass was pursued. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2011 journal article

EFFECTS OF INTRAMUSCULAR MELOXICAM ADMINISTRATION ON PROSTAGLANDIN E2 SYNTHESIS IN THE NORTH AMERICAN BULLFROG (RANA CATESBEIANA)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 42(4), 680–685.

By: L. Minter n, E. Clarke*, J. Gjeltema, K. Archibald, L. Posner* & G. Lewbart*

author keywords: Meloxicam; nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory; prostaglandin e2; North American bullfrog; Rana catesbeiana
MeSH headings : Animals; Dinoprostone / biosynthesis; Dinoprostone / blood; Dinoprostone / genetics; Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects; Injections, Intramuscular; Meloxicam; Rana catesbeiana / metabolism; Thiazines / administration & dosage; Thiazines / pharmacology; Thiazoles / administration & dosage; Thiazoles / pharmacology
TL;DR: It is suggested that the systemic administration of meloxicam at a dosage of 0.1 mg/kg once daily suppresses circulating serum PGE2 levels postinjury in the North American bullfrog. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2011 journal article

Microsurgery in liver research: End-to-side portocaval microanastomoses in dogfish

CLINICS AND RESEARCH IN HEPATOLOGY AND GASTROENTEROLOGY, 35(10), 650–654.

By: F. Leclere*, M. Germain*, G. Lewbart n, F. Unglaub*, S. Mordon* & D. Louis*

MeSH headings : Anastomosis, Surgical / methods; Animals; Dogfish; Microsurgery; Portal Vein / surgery; Vascular Surgical Procedures / methods; Venae Cavae / surgery
TL;DR: The dogfish appears to be a reliable experimental model in liver research and this technique could be used for microsurgical training. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2010 journal article

A Comparison of Heavy Metal Concentrations and Health Assessment in Asian Clams Corbicula fluminea from Florida and North Carolina

JOURNAL OF AQUATIC ANIMAL HEALTH, 22(2), 73–77.

By: G. Lewbart n, L. Christian n, C. Harms n & A. Van Wettere n

MeSH headings : Animals; Bivalvia / chemistry; Florida; Metals, Heavy / analysis; North Carolina; Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry
TL;DR: The purpose of this study was to compare the heavy metal concentrations of the hard and soft tissues of specimens from Florida and North Carolina and to assess the clams' health by microscopic examination of their soft tissues. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2010 journal article

CYSTOSCOPIC GUIDED REMOVAL OF ECTOPIC EGGS FROM THE URINARY BLADDER OF THE FLORIDA COOTER TURTLE (PSEUDEMYS FLORIDANA FLORIDANA)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 41(3), 503–509.

By: L. Minter n, M. Wood n, T. Hill* & G. Lewbart n

author keywords: Ectopic eggs; endoscope; cystoscopy; Florida cooter turtle; Pseudemys floridana floridana; urinary bladder
MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Wild; Cystoscopy / veterinary; Female; Ovum / physiology; Oxytocics / adverse effects; Oxytocics / therapeutic use; Oxytocin / adverse effects; Oxytocin / therapeutic use; Turtles; Urinary Bladder / pathology
TL;DR: One of the three turtles died within several days of the procedure, and necropsy revealed granulomatous bacterial cystitis, and it is hypothesized that these complications were likely due to the length of time between induction with oxytocin and the identification and removal of the ectopic egg. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2010 journal article

Gross and histologic evaluation of 5 suture materials in the skin and subcutaneous tissue of the california sea hare (Aplysia californica)

Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, 49(1), 64–68.

By: E. Anderson, A. Davis, J. Law, G. Lewbart, L. Christian & C. Harms

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2010 journal article

The veterinarian’s role in surgical implantation of electronic tags in fish

Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 21(1), 25–33.

By: C. Harms n & G. Lewbart n

author keywords: Fish; Surgery; Telemetry; Veterinarian
TL;DR: Engaging veterinary consultation for electronic tag implantation surgeries in fish can be a mutually beneficial experience for the researcher and the veterinarian, with dividends in data quality and welfare of the research subjects. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2009 journal article

Characterizing eversion syndrome in captive scyphomedusa jellyfish

American Journal of Veterinary Research, 70(9), 1087–1093.

By: K. Freeman n, G. Lewbart*, W. Robarge*, C. Harms*, J. Law* & M. Stoskopf*

MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animals; Digestive System Abnormalities / pathology; Digestive System Abnormalities / veterinary; Scyphozoa / anatomy & histology; Scyphozoa / physiology; Syndrome
TL;DR: It is suggested that eversion syndrome is a complex phenomenon associated with degenerative changes of the bell matrix and Striated muscle degeneration and necrosis and extracellular matrix (mesoglea) degeneration were evident on histologic examination of affected jellyfish. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2009 journal article

Detection of Salmonella in Gopher Tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) During Two Relocation Efforts in Florida

Chelonian Conservation and Biology, 8(2), 213–216.

By: L. Charles-Smith, G. Lewbart n, M. Aresco & P. Cowen n

TL;DR: Although there was a difference in the amount of perceived clinical stress undergone in each group, the percentage of tortoises shedding Salmonella was not statistically significant between the cohorts, and all isolates underwent antibiotic sensitivity testing and were susceptible to 10 antibiotic compounds. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 22, 2019

2009 journal article

SURGICAL REPAIR OF SEVERE FLIPPER LACERATIONS IN A LOGGERHEAD, CARETTA CARETTA, AND A KEMP'S RIDLEY, LEPIDOCHELYS KEMPII, SEA TURTLE

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 40(4), 744–751.

By: M. Church n, M. Grafinger, C. Harms*, G. Lewbart*, L. Christian* & J. Beasley

author keywords: Caretta caretta; Kemp's ridley; Lepidochelys kempii; loggerhead; sea turtle
MeSH headings : Animals; Extremities / pathology; Extremities / surgery; Hindlimb / pathology; Hindlimb / surgery; Lacerations / pathology; Lacerations / surgery; Lacerations / veterinary; Turtles / surgery
TL;DR: Limb function was improved and complete amputations were avoided in both turtles and a rotational flap was used to cover exposed tissue. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 conference paper

Advanced clinical diagnostics for invertebrates

Proceedings of the AVMA Annual Conference.

By: G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Cryotherapy for removal of a premaxillary mass from a chain pickerel using an over-the-counter wart remover

Exotic DVM, 10(2), 15–17.

By: C. Harms, L. Christian, O. Burrus, W. Hopkins, A. Pandiri, M. Law, K. Wolf, C. Butler, G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Koi health

Ponds, (Summer 2008), 48–55.

By: G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 journal article

Prophylactic ovariosalpingectomy using a prefemoral approach in eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina)

VETERINARY RECORD, 163(16), 487–488.

By: L. Minter n, M. Landry n & G. Lewbart n

MeSH headings : Abscess / surgery; Abscess / veterinary; Animals; Ear Diseases / surgery; Ear Diseases / veterinary; Ear, Middle / surgery; Fallopian Tubes / surgery; Female; Hindlimb Suspension / methods; North Carolina; Ovariectomy / methods; Ovariectomy / veterinary; Turtles / surgery
TL;DR: Surgical access to the coelomic cavity of captive chelonians is restricted due to concerns over the integrity of the encomium and the location of the eggs in the body. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2008 conference paper

Shell repair techniques in chelonians

Proceedings of the 30th annual meeting of the Gopher Tortoise Council, 28–29.

By: G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Cytologic Diagnosis of Diseases of Invertebrates

Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice, 10(1), 235–254.

By: A. Van Wettere n & G. Lewbart n

MeSH headings : Animals; Bacteria / pathogenicity; Cytodiagnosis / methods; Cytodiagnosis / veterinary; Hemolymph / cytology; Invertebrates / microbiology; Specimen Handling / methods; Specimen Handling / veterinary
TL;DR: It is hoped that this article stimulates veterinarians who work with invertebrates to use diagnostic cytology and disseminate the results of their experience. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: September 6, 2020

2007 journal article

Internal fixation of a femur fracture in an American bullfrog

JAVMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 230(8), 1201–1204.

By: L. Royal n, M. Grafinger*, B. Lascelles, G. Lewbart* & L. Christian*

MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Wild; Bone Screws / veterinary; Bone Wires / veterinary; Femoral Fractures / surgery; Femoral Fractures / veterinary; Fracture Fixation, Internal / methods; Fracture Fixation, Internal / veterinary; Fracture Healing; Male; Rana catesbeiana / surgery; Treatment Outcome
TL;DR: The applied internal fixation method provided effective long-term stabilization of the femur, allowed for normal movement, and enabled the bullfrog to be housed in an aquatic environment immediately after surgery. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 chapter

Invertebrates

In D. H. G. West & N. Caulkett (Eds.), Zoo animal & wildlife immobilization and anesthesia (pp. 147–158).

By: C. Gunkel* & G. Lewbart*

Ed(s): D. G. West & N. Caulkett

Sources: NC State University Libraries, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Koi surgery today

Koi World and Water Gardens, 32–39.

By: G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Phylogenetic analysis of spring virema of carp virus reveals distinct subgroups with common origins for recent isolates in North America and the UK

DISEASES OF AQUATIC ORGANISMS, 76(3), 193–204.

By: O. Miller n, F. Fuller n, W. Gebreyes n, G. Lewbart n, I. Shchelkunov, R. Shivappa n, C. Joiner*, G. Woolford* ...

author keywords: spring viremia of carp; SVCV; phosphoprotein gene; glycoprotein gene; phylogenetic analysis; molecular epidemiology
MeSH headings : Animals; Base Sequence; Carps; Fish Diseases / virology; Genetic Variation; Glycoproteins / chemistry; Glycoproteins / genetics; Molecular Sequence Data; North America; Phosphoproteins / chemistry; Phosphoproteins / genetics; Phylogeny; RNA, Viral / chemistry; RNA, Viral / genetics; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / veterinary; Rhabdoviridae / classification; Rhabdoviridae / genetics; Rhabdoviridae / isolation & purification; Rhabdoviridae Infections / veterinary; Rhabdoviridae Infections / virology; Sequence Alignment; Sequence Analysis, DNA; United Kingdom
TL;DR: Combined P- and G-sequence data support the emergence of SVCV in Illinois,USA, and in Lake Ontario, Canada, from the initial outbreak in Wisconsin, USA, and demonstrate a close genetic link to viruses isolated during routine import checks on fish brought into the UK from Asia. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 journal article

Plasma biochemical reference intervals for koi

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 230(5), 708–712.

By: B. Palmeiro*, K. Rosenthal*, G. Lewbart* & F. Shofer*

MeSH headings : Animals; Blood Chemical Analysis / methods; Blood Chemical Analysis / standards; Blood Chemical Analysis / veterinary; Carps / blood; Prospective Studies; Reference Standards; Reference Values; Reproducibility of Results; Sensitivity and Specificity
TL;DR: The in-house tabletop biochemical analyzer had good precision for measuring most plasma biochemical analytes and was able to use the reference intervals for adult koi as an important diagnostic tool or as part of a fish wellness program, as commonly done in other domestic species. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2007 conference paper

Principles of anesthesia, analgesia, and surgery for pet fish

SAVMA Symposium ... Proceedings.

By: G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Danger in the deep end: How water, power failures and chlorinated can create a deadly fish cocktail

Ponds, (Fall 2006), 22–29.

By: G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Evaluation of the gross and histologic reactions to five commonly used suture materials in the skin of the African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)

Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, 45(6), 22–26.

By: A. Tuttle, J. Law, C. Harms, G. Lewbart & S. Harvey

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 chapter

Fish supplement for the Exotic companion medicine handbook

In Zoological medicine network.

By: G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Ileocolic intussusception in a pine snake (Pituophis melanoleucus)

VETERINARY RECORD, 158(20), 698–699.

By: M. Wosar n & G. Lewbart n

MeSH headings : Animals; Colubridae; Fatal Outcome; Female; Ileal Diseases / surgery; Ileal Diseases / veterinary; Ileostomy / veterinary; Intussusception / surgery; Intussusception / veterinary; Molting
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Introduction to invertebrate medicine

Exotic DVM, 8(2), 25–30.

By: G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 book

Invertebrate medicine

Ames, IA: Blackwell Publishing.

By: G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Koi health and well-being

Koi World and Water Gardens, 42–48.

By: G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 chapter

Laws and regulations: European and American

In Reptile medicine and surgery (2nd ed.) (pp. 1031–1050).

By: M. Cooper, G. Lewbart* & D. Lewbart

Sources: NC State University Libraries, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Measurements of common iliac arterial blood flow in Anurans using Doppler ultrasound

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 37(2), 97–101.

By: S. Willens n, S. Dupree, M. Stoskopf* & G. Lewbart*

author keywords: bullfrog; blood flow; Bufo marinas; Doppler ultrasound; marine toad; Rana catesbeiana
MeSH headings : Animals; Anura / blood; Anura / physiology; Blood Flow Velocity / veterinary; Iliac Artery / diagnostic imaging; Iliac Artery / physiology; Reference Values; Regional Blood Flow; Species Specificity; Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color / methods; Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color / veterinary
TL;DR: Color Doppler ultrasonography was used to determine time-average mean velocity and cross-sectional area of the common iliac artery in bullfrogs and marine toads andVolumetric blood flow and weight-adjusted blood flow measurements were calculated from this data. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Percutaneous malathion absorption by anuran skin in flow-through diffusion cells

ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY, 22(3), 255–262.

author keywords: organophosphorous; pesticide; bullfrog; Rana catesbeiana; marine toad; Bufo marinus
TL;DR: Malathion absorption was greater across the ventral skin compared to dorsal skin in both bullfrogs and marine toads and was considered a potentially important route of environmental exposure to OP compounds for amphibians, especially in aquatic environments. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Percutaneous malathion absorption in the harvested perfused anuran pelvic limb

ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY, 22(3), 263–267.

author keywords: organophosphorous; pesticide; bullfrog; Rana catesbeiana; marine toad; Bufo marinus
TL;DR: The harvested perfused anuran pelvic limb (HPAPL) model maintains the anatomic and physiologic integrity of the skin from the pelvic limb, including the intact capillary network, and is an appropriate in vitro model for examining cutaneous absorption kinetics in the bullfrog. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Pharmacokinetics of ketoprofen in the green iguana (Iguana iguana) following single intravenous and intramuscular injections

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 37(4), 567–570.

By: A. Tuttle n, M. Papich*, G. Lewbart*, S. Christian, C. Gunkel* & C. Harms*

author keywords: analgesia; green iguana (Iguana iguana); ketoprofen; pharrnacokinetics; NSAID; reptile
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / pharmacokinetics; Area Under Curve; Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors / pharmacokinetics; Female; Half-Life; Iguanas / blood; Iguanas / metabolism; Injections, Intramuscular / veterinary; Injections, Intravenous / veterinary; Ketoprofen / pharmacokinetics; Male; Metabolic Clearance Rate; Random Allocation
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Prevalence of Salmonella spp in cloacal, fecal, and gastrointestinal mucosal samples from wild North American turtles

JAVMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 229(2), 266–268.

By: C. Saelinger, G. Lewbart*, L. Christian & C. Lemons*

MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Wild / microbiology; Cloaca / microbiology; Disease Reservoirs / veterinary; Feces / microbiology; Intestinal Mucosa / microbiology; Prevalence; Prospective Studies; Salmonella / isolation & purification; Salmonella Infections, Animal / epidemiology; Turtles / microbiology; United States / epidemiology
TL;DR: Results suggested that wild turtles in central North Carolina may not be active shedders or carriers of Salmonella spp, and proper hygiene practices should be followed when handling wild turtles. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Signs of strife: Detect and deter illness in your finned friends

Annual Ponds USA and Watergardens, 2006, 58–65.

By: G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 conference paper

Stranded sea turtle medicine

Proceedings of the AVMA Annual Conference.

By: G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Surgical excision of mycotic (Cladosporium sp.) granulomas from the mantle of a cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis)

JOURNAL OF ZOO AND WILDLIFE MEDICINE, 37(4), 524–530.

By: C. Harms*, G. Lewbart*, R. McAlarney, L. Christian*, K. Geissler* & C. Lemons*

author keywords: Cladosporium; cuttlefish; Sepia officinalis; surgery
MeSH headings : Animals; Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use; Cladosporium / isolation & purification; Decapodiformes / microbiology; Dermatomycoses / drug therapy; Dermatomycoses / surgery; Dermatomycoses / veterinary; Fatal Outcome; Granuloma / drug therapy; Granuloma / microbiology; Granuloma / surgery; Granuloma / veterinary; Itraconazole / therapeutic use
TL;DR: An adult female European cuttlefish from a public aquarium presented with an eruptive skin lesion of the dorsal mantle and was found dead two months following the procedure, revealing multisystemic fungal infection. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

The future of training for aquatic animal health veterinarians

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICAL EDUCATION, 33(3), 389–393.

By: K. Hughes Hartman, R. Yanong, C. Harms* & G. Lewbart*

MeSH headings : Animals; Aquaculture; Education, Continuing; Education, Veterinary / trends; Fishes; Forecasting; Humans; Internet; Internship, Nonmedical; Teaching / methods; United States; Veterinary Medicine / organization & administration; Veterinary Medicine / standards; Veterinary Medicine / trends
TL;DR: This article describes educational approaches for training veterinary students, veterinary graduates, and practicing veterinarians in the area of aquatic animal health and lists a range of general research, training, internship/residency, and continuing-education resources. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2006 journal article

Treatment of dystocia in a leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius) by percutaneous ovocentesis

VETERINARY RECORD, 158(21), 737-+.

By: A. Hall n & G. Lewbart n

MeSH headings : Animals; Egg Yolk; Female; Lizards / surgery; Oviposition / physiology; Suction / veterinary
TL;DR: This short communication describes the treatment of refractory dystocia in a 15-month-old female leopard gecko by percutaneous ovocentesis, a procedure apparently previously unreported in lizards. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

An ounce of prevention

Koi World and Water Gardens, 40–48.

By: G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 conference paper

Aquatic invertebrate medicine

Proceedings of the North American Veterinary Conference, January 8-12, 2005, Orlando, Florida. Gainesville, FL: Eastern States Veterinary Association.

By: G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Behavioral and clinical pathology changes in Koi Carp (Cyprinus carpio) subjected to anesthesia and surgery with and without intra-operative analgesics

Comparative Medicine, 55(3), 223–228.

By: C. Harms, G. Lewbart, C. Swanson, J. Kishimori & S. Boylan

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Enrofloxacin pharmacokinetics in the European cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis, after a single i.v. injection and bath administration

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS, 28(5), 433–439.

By: . Gore n, C. Harms n, B. Kukanich n, J. Forsythe*, G. Lewbart n & M. Papich n

MeSH headings : Administration, Cutaneous; Administration, Oral; Animals; Area Under Curve; Bacteria / drug effects; Decapodiformes / metabolism; Decapodiformes / microbiology; Enrofloxacin; Fluoroquinolones / administration & dosage; Fluoroquinolones / blood; Fluoroquinolones / pharmacokinetics; Fluoroquinolones / pharmacology; Immersion; Injections, Intravenous / veterinary; Microbial Sensitivity Tests
TL;DR: The hemolymph concentration was still above minimum inhibitory concentration values for shrimp and fish bacterial isolates at 6 h after i.v. administration, so a bath of 2.5 mg/L for 5 h once to twice daily is suggested for additional studies to test efficacy against highly susceptible organisms. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Evaluation of a method of intracoelomic catheterization in koi

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 226(5), 784–788.

By: G. Lewbart n, D. Butkus n, M. Papich n, A. Coleman n, H. Krum n & E. Noga n

MeSH headings : Animals; Carps; Catheterization / adverse effects; Catheterization / methods; Catheterization / veterinary; Catheters, Indwelling / adverse effects; Catheters, Indwelling / veterinary; Drug Administration Routes / veterinary; Enrofloxacin; Fluoroquinolones / pharmacokinetics; Prospective Studies; Quinolones / pharmacokinetics; Safety
TL;DR: An intracoelomic catheter was effective and safe when maintained in koi for at least 6 days and would be highly beneficial for veterinarians, clients, and fish, especially when intracoELomic administration of a drug would require daily or more frequent dosing. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 chapter

Fish

In Exotic animal formulary (pp. 5–29).

By: G. Lewbart*

Sources: NC State University Libraries, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 conference paper

Fish Health Management. Continuing Education Course, June 21-23, 2005

Raleigh, NC: North Carolina State University, College of Veterinary Medicine.

By: G. Lewbart, C. Swanson, C. Harms, G. Blasiola, E. Noga, J. Gratzek, W. Lehmann, J. Levine, S. May

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 conference paper

Fish anesthesia

Proceedings of the North American Veterinary Conference, January 8-12, 2005, Orlando, Florida. Gainesville, FL: Eastern States Veterinary Association.

By: G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 conference paper

Intracoelomic catheterization in koi

Proceedings of the North American Veterinary Conference, January 8-12, 2005, Orlando, Florida. Gainesville, FL: Eastern States Veterinary Association.

By: G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 conference paper

KHV and SVCv update

Proceedings of the North American Veterinary Conference, January 8-12, 2005, Orlando, Florida. Gainesville, FL: Eastern States Veterinary Association.

By: G. Lewbart

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2005 journal article

Lymphoid follicular cloacal inflammation associated with a novel herpesvirus in juvenile alligator