Works (23)

Updated: July 27th, 2023 14:40

2020 journal article

Raccoon Vigilance and Activity Patterns When Sympatric with Coyotes

Diversity, 12(9), 341.

By: M. Chitwood*, M. Lashley*, S. Higdon*, C. DePerno n & C. Moorman n

author keywords: activity pattern; camera trap; coyote; fear; mesopredator release; raccoon; trophic cascade; vigilance
TL;DR: It is indicated that nonconsumptive effects of coyote effects on raccoons are unlikely, which calls into question the ability of coyotes to initiate strong trophic cascades through some mesocarnivores. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: November 9, 2020

2020 journal article

Relative reproductive phenology and synchrony affect neonate survival in a nonprecocial ungulate

Functional Ecology, 34(12), 2536–2547.

By: E. Michel*, B. Strickland*, S. Demarais*, J. Belant*, T. Kautz*, J. Duquette*, D. Beyer*, M. Chamberlain* ...

Ed(s): D. Crocker

author keywords: Odocoileus virginianus; predator avoidance hypothesis; predator satiation hypothesis; reproductive phenology; reproductive synchrony; white-tailed deer
TL;DR: This is a list of winners and runners-up in the 14th annual John C. Shuman/Eric S. Michel Memorial Tournament of Champions, which took place in June of this year on the banks of the Ohio River in Cleveland. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: October 12, 2020

2019 journal article

Resource selection by coyotes (Canis latrans) in a longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) ecosystem: effects of anthropogenic fires and landscape features

Canadian Journal of Zoology, 97(2), 165–171.

By: E. Stevenson n, M. Lashley n, M. Chitwood n, J. Garabedian n, M. Swingen n, C. DePerno, C. Moorman n

author keywords: Canis latrans; coyote; longleaf pine; Pinus palustris; prescribed fire; resource selection
TL;DR: Coyote resource selection was linked to prescribed fire, suggesting the interaction between fire and coyotes may influence ecosystem function in fire-dependent forests. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: February 25, 2019

2017 journal article

Are camera surveys useful for assessing recruitment in white-tailed deer?

Wildlife Biology, 2017(1), wlb.00178.

By: M. Chitwood n, M. Lashley n, J. Kilgo*, M. Cherry*, L. Conner*, M. Vukovich*, H. Ray*, C. Ruth* ...

TL;DR: Researchers and managers are urged to use caution when advocating the use of camera-based recruitment estimates, as there is a growing need to test the effectiveness of camera surveys for assessing fawn recruitment. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 journal article

Frequent fires eliminate fleshy fruit production

FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT, 405, 9–12.

author keywords: Fire-return interval; Frugivore; Longleaf pine; Prescribed fire; Pyrodiversity
TL;DR: These results suggest that applying fire on Pinus palustris ecosystems is recommended, despite the fact that cumulative understory fruit production was 99% less following a 1-yr or 2-yr fire-return interval. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2017 journal article

Macroarthropod response to time-since-fire in the longleaf pine ecosystem

FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT, 391, 390–395.

By: M. Chitwood n, M. Lashley n, B. Sherrill*, C. Sorenson n, C. DePerno & C. Moorman n

author keywords: Araneae; Fire-maintained; Invertebrate; Longleaf pine; Orthoptera; Prescribed fire
TL;DR: The results indicate the use of frequent prescribed fire to restore and maintain longleaf forests is unlikely to pose risks to overall macroarthropod biomass, particularly if heterogeneity in fire frequency and spatial extent occurs on the landscape. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Do indirect bite count surveys accurately represent diet selection of white-tailed deer in a forested environment?

WILDLIFE RESEARCH, 43(3), 254–260.

author keywords: Chesson Index; diet selection transect; herbivory; indirect bite count; microhistological survey; white-tailed deer
TL;DR: Indirect bite counts may provide a relatively accurate index of the deer-selected plants most important in the white-tailed deer diet, but may be less appropriate to determine selection of plants that infrequently occur in their diet, plants that are typically consumed in entirety, or plants where herbivory damage is poorly identified. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Resource selection by southeastern fox squirrels in a fire-maintained forest system

JOURNAL OF MAMMALOGY, 97(2), 631–638.

By: A. Prince*, M. Chitwood, M. Lashley*, C. DePerno* & C. Moorman*

author keywords: growing-season fire; hardwood; longleaf pine; oak; prescribed fire; Quercus; Sciurus niger
TL;DR: Fox squirrels likely benefit from growing-season fires that maintain expansive upland pine stands but are negatively affected by homogeneous fire application and mechanical hardwood removal that reduce the occurrence of reproductively mature oaks across the landscape. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2016 journal article

Survival and Cause-Specific Mortality of Coyotes on a Large Military Installation

SOUTHEASTERN NATURALIST, 15(3), 459–466.

By: E. Stevenson n, M. Chitwood n, M. Lashley n, K. Pollock n, M. Swingen n, C. Moorman n, C. DePerno n

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Do Biological and Bedsite Characteristics Influence Survival of Neonatal White-Tailed Deer?

PLOS ONE, 10(3), e0119070.

Ed(s): A. Roca

MeSH headings : Animals; Birth Weight; Conservation of Natural Resources; Coyotes / physiology; Deer / physiology; Ecosystem; Female; Litter Size; Lynx / physiology; Male; North Carolina; Population Dynamics / statistics & numerical data; Predatory Behavior / physiology; Reproduction / physiology
TL;DR: It is indicated that neonate survival was low and coyote predation was an important source of mortality, which corroborates several recent studies from the region and indicates that mitigating effects of coyotepredation on neonates may be more complicated than simply managing for increased hiding cover. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Fructosamine: An Alternative to Serum Glucose Measurement in White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE DISEASES, 51(4), 876–879.

author keywords: Blood; fructosamine; nutritional condition; Odocoileus virginianus; serum glucose; white-tailed deer
MeSH headings : Animals; Blood Glucose; Deer / blood; Female; Fructosamine / blood; North Carolina; Reference Values
TL;DR: Serum glucose and fructosamine concentrations were similar between time periods but were uncorrelated within each season, however, when serum glucose was separated into high and low categories based on the median blood glucose score within each time period, it was detected statistically significant differences between July and March for serum glucose. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

PARASITOLOGY AND SEROLOGY OF FREE-RANGING COYOTES (CANIS LATRANS) IN NORTH CAROLINA, USA

JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE DISEASES, 51(3), 664–669.

By: M. Chitwood n, M. Swingen n, M. Lashley n, J. Flowers n, M. Palamar*, C. Apperson n, C. Olfenbutte*, C. Moorman n, C. DePernol

author keywords: Brucella; Canis latrans; coyote; distemper; heartworm; leptospirosis; parasitology; serology
MeSH headings : Adenoviridae Infections / immunology; Adenoviridae Infections / veterinary; Adenoviruses, Canine / immunology; Age Factors; Animals; Animals, Wild / blood; Animals, Wild / parasitology; Coronavirus Infections / immunology; Coronavirus Infections / veterinary; Coronavirus, Canine / immunology; Coyotes / blood; Coyotes / microbiology; Coyotes / parasitology; Coyotes / virology; Dirofilaria; Dirofilariasis / parasitology; Distemper / immunology; Distemper Virus, Canine / immunology; Female; Leptospira / immunology; Leptospirosis / immunology; Leptospirosis / veterinary; Male; North Carolina; Parvoviridae Infections / immunology; Parvoviridae Infections / veterinary; Parvovirus, Canine / immunology; Serologic Tests / veterinary; Tick Infestations / parasitology; Tick Infestations / veterinary; Ticks
TL;DR: It is shown that coyotes harbor many common pathogens that present health risks to humans and domestic animals and suggest that continued monitoring of the coyote's role in pathogen transmission is warranted. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Poor soils and density-mediated body weight in deer: forage quality or quantity?

WILDLIFE BIOLOGY, 21(4), 213–219.

TL;DR: Contrary to previous reports from poor productivity soil regions, deer on the study site should be able to meet lactation requirements when the quantity of high-quality forage is not limiting, and similarly body weight should be density-mediated. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Prescribed fire affects female white-tailed deer habitat use during summer lactation

Forest Ecology and Management, 348, 220–225.

author keywords: Fire-return interval; Longleaf pine; Pinus palustris; Compositional analysis; Cover; Odocoileus virginianus
TL;DR: Female deer increased selection of burned areas as years-since-fire increased, likely because there was a temporary loss of cover immediately following fire with plants slowly regenerating the subsequent growing seasons and to avoid areas depleted of cover. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

VARIABILITY IN FIRE PRESCRIPTIONS TO PROMOTE WILDLIFE FOODS IN THE LONGLEAF PINE ECOSYSTEM

FIRE ECOLOGY, 11(3), 62–79.

author keywords: biodiversity; diet selection; ecosystem-based management; fire application; fire frequency; fire season; fruit; heterogeneity; microhistological survey; white-tailed deer
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

White-Tailed Deer Population Dynamics and Adult Female Survival in the Presence of a Novel Predator

JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT, 79(2), 211–219.

By: M. Chitwood n, M. Lashley n, J. Kilgo*, C. Moorman n & C. Deperno n

author keywords: coyote; elasticity; neonate; population dynamics; sensitivity; survival; white-tailed deer
TL;DR: It is indicated that for low-density deer populations with heavy predation pressure on neonates, protecting adult females from harvest may not completely offset population declines, and managers may have to start with reductions in adult female harvest. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Confirmation of Coyote Predation on Adult Female White-tailed Deer in the Southeastern United States

SOUTHEASTERN NATURALIST, 13(3), N30–N32.

By: M. Chitwood, M. Lashley*, C. Moorman* & C. DePerno*

TL;DR: 4 confirmed Coyote predation events on adult female White-tailed Deer that were radiocollared, implanted with vaginal implant transmitters, monitored every 4–8 hours, and apparently healthy are reported. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Serum Leptin as an Indicator of Fat Levels in White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in the Southeastern USA

JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE DISEASES, 50(4), 887–890.

By: M. Chitwood n, S. Phillips n, S. Whisnant n, J. Tyndall n, M. Lashley n & C. DePerno n

author keywords: Body fat; fat index; leptin; Odocoileus virginianus; white-tailed deer
MeSH headings : Adipose Tissue / physiology; Animals; Deer / blood; Deer / physiology; Female; Leptin / blood; Pregnancy; Southeastern United States
TL;DR: Serum leptin concentrations were similar between seasons but were lower in lactating and gestating females, indicating that leptin may have limited value for estimating fat reserves in white-tailed deer. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Subtle effects of a managed fire regime: A case study in the longleaf pine ecosystem

ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS, 38, 212–217.

By: M. Lashley n, M. Chitwood n, A. Prince n, M. Elfelt n, E. Kilburg n, C. DePerno n, C. Moorman n

author keywords: Acorns; Firing technique; Fire seasonality; Persimmons; Prescribed fire; Stochastic variability
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

Vocalization Observed in Starving White-tailed Deer Neonates

SOUTHEASTERN NATURALIST, 13(2), N6–N8.

By: M. Chitwood, M. Lashley*, C. Moorman* & C. DePerno*

TL;DR: Loud, frequent vocalizations by 5 Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) neonates that ultimately died of starvation due to abandonment are observed and it is believed that neonate vocalization could serve as a useful field indicator of abandonment. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2014 journal article

White-Tailed Deer Vigilance: The Influence of Social and Environmental Factors

PLoS ONE, 9(3), e90652.

Ed(s): N. Moreira

MeSH headings : Animals; Deer / physiology; Environment; Female; Logistic Models; Male; Moon; North Carolina; Predatory Behavior / physiology; Social Behavior; Time Factors
TL;DR: White-tailed deer increased individual vigilance when other non-predator wildlife were present, indicating deer have the ability to adjust vigilance behavior to changing predation risk associated with varying light intensity. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Novel hemotropic Mycoplasma species in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 36(6), 607–611.

By: R. Maggi*, M. Chitwood, S. Kennedy-Stoskopf* & C. DePerno*

author keywords: Hemoplasma; Hemotropic Mycoplasma; Odocoileus virginianus; White-tailed deer; Zoonotic diseases
MeSH headings : Animals; Deer / microbiology; Female; Male; Molecular Sequence Data; Mycoplasma / classification; Mycoplasma / genetics; Mycoplasma / isolation & purification; Phylogeny; RNA, Bacterial / genetics; RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
TL;DR: This study represents the first detection of three distinct hemotropic Mycoplasma species in white-tailed deer and the first report of two novel hemotropic MYs species in eastern North Carolina. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries, Crossref
Added: August 6, 2018

2013 journal article

Physiological Condition of Female White-tailed Deer in a Nutrient-deficient Habitat Type

SOUTHEASTERN NATURALIST, 12(2), 307–316.

By: M. Chitwood, C. DePerno*, J. Flowers* & S. Kennedy-Stoskopf n

TL;DR: Though managers need to consider nutritional plane of particular habitat types, the results indicate that deer can achieve normal body weights and maintain body condition in nutrient-deficient sites. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

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