Works Published in 2003

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Displaying works 141 - 160 of 172 in total

Sorted by most recent date added to the index first, which may not be the same as publication date order.

2003 journal article

Economic and social impacts of la crosse encephalitis in western North Carolina

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE, 69(5), 509–518.

By: J. Utz n, C. Apperson*, J. MacCormack, M. Salyers, E. Dietz* & J. McPherson

TL;DR: The socioeconomic burden resulting from LACE is substantial, which highlights the importance of the illness in western North Carolina, as well as the need for active surveillance, reporting, and prevention programs for the infection. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 article

Bt-resistance management - theory meets data

Gould, F. (2003, December). NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY, Vol. 21, pp. 1450–1451.

By: F. Gould n

MeSH headings : Adaptation, Physiological / physiology; Animals; Bacillus thuringiensis / genetics; Bacillus thuringiensis / metabolism; Bacterial Proteins / genetics; Bacterial Toxins / biosynthesis; Bacterial Toxins / classification; Bacterial Toxins / genetics; Bacterial Toxins / pharmacology; Brassica / genetics; Brassica / metabolism; Insecticide Resistance / physiology; Moths / drug effects; Pest Control, Biological / methods; Pesticides / metabolism; Pesticides / pharmacology; Plants, Genetically Modified / metabolism; Recombinant Proteins / biosynthesis; Recombinant Proteins / genetics; Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology; United States
TL;DR: Plants that express two Bt toxins have the potential to delay insect resistance more effectively than single toxin plants. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

A diffusion-based theory of organism dispersal in heterogeneous populations

AMERICAN NATURALIST, 161(3), 441–458.

author keywords: diffusion; heterogeneity; variability; model; movement; dispersal
MeSH headings : Animal Migration; Animals; Diffusion; Models, Biological; Movement; Population Dynamics
TL;DR: A general theory of organism movement in heterogeneous populations that can explain the leptokurtic movement distributions commonly measured in nature and defines population heterogeneity in movement behavior as the existence of different movement states and among‐individual variability in the time individuals spend in these states. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Variation in biological parameters of Trichogramma spp. purchased from commercial suppliers in the United States

BIOCONTROL, 48(5), 487–502.

By: V. Schmidt n, H. Linker n, D. Orr n & G. Kennedy n

author keywords: brachyptery; inundative augmentation; parasitoid; quality; Trichogramma
TL;DR: This study was undertaken to assess the degree of variation that existed among commerciallysupplied Trichogramma in an array of biological parameters that potentially may influence the level of control that can be expected in a Trichogramsma release program. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

The genetic architecture of odor-guided behavior in Drosophila: epistasis and the transcriptome

NATURE GENETICS, 35(2), 180–184.

By: R. Anholt n, C. Dilda n, S. Chang*, J. Fanara n, N. Kulkarni n, I. Ganguly n, S. Rollmann n, K. Kamdar*, T. Mackay n

MeSH headings : Animals; Biotransformation; Drosophila melanogaster / genetics; Epistasis, Genetic; Gene Expression Regulation; Odorants; Smell / physiology; Transcription, Genetic
TL;DR: Quantitative complementation tests of mutations at coregulated genes with the smi mutations showed that in most cases (67%) epistatic interactions for olfactory behavior mirrored epistasis at the level of transcription, thus identifying new candidate genes regulating olfaction behavior. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Strategic selection of hyperthermophilic esterases for resolution of 2-arylpropionic esters

BIOTECHNOLOGY PROGRESS, 19(5), 1410–1416.

By: A. Sehgal n & R. Kelly n

MeSH headings : Amino Acid Sequence; Candida / enzymology; Candida / genetics; Catalysis; Enzyme Stability; Esterases / biosynthesis; Esterases / chemistry; Esterases / genetics; Esterases / isolation & purification; Esters; Hydrolysis; Molecular Sequence Data; Naproxen / analogs & derivatives; Naproxen / chemistry; Protein Engineering / methods; Pyrococcus furiosus / enzymology; Pyrococcus furiosus / genetics; Recombinant Proteins / biosynthesis; Recombinant Proteins / chemistry; Sequence Alignment / methods; Sequence Analysis, Protein / methods; Species Specificity; Stereoisomerism; Sulfolobus / enzymology; Sulfolobus / genetics
TL;DR: The results here show that although bioinformatics tools can be used to select candidate biocatalysts for chiral resolution of 2‐arylpropionic esters, biochemical characterization is needed to definitively determine functional characteristics. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 article

ISTAS ' 02 - Social implications of information and . communication technology

IEEE TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY MAGAZINE, Vol. 22, pp. 10–11.

Contributors: J. Herkert n

Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Effects of rate and time of application of poultry litter on Hoplolaimus columbus on cotton

PLANT DISEASE, 87(10), 1244–1249.

By: . Koenning*, K. Edmisten*, K. Barker n, D. Bowman n & D. Morrison*

author keywords: Columbia lance nematode; Gossypium hirsutum; management; manure; organic amendments; population dynamics; sustainable agriculture
TL;DR: Poultry litter can be used effectively to supply nutrients to the crop and suppress damaging levels of H. columbus, but application of poultry litter at these rates, however, may exceed nutrient levels required for best management practices. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Dual resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac and Cry2Aa toxins in Heliothis virescens suggests multiple mechanisms of resistance

APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, 69(10), 5898–5906.

By: J. Jurat-Fuentes, F. Gould n & M. Adang*

MeSH headings : Animals; Bacillus thuringiensis / metabolism; Bacillus thuringiensis Toxins; Bacterial Proteins / metabolism; Bacterial Proteins / pharmacology; Bacterial Toxins; Binding, Competitive; Biotinylation; Endotoxins / metabolism; Endotoxins / pharmacology; Hemolysin Proteins; Insecticide Resistance / genetics; Larva / drug effects; Lepidoptera / drug effects; Lepidoptera / growth & development; Microvilli / metabolism; Pest Control, Biological
TL;DR: The results suggest occurrence of at least two mechanisms of resistance in KCBhyb insects, one of them related to reduction of Cry1Aa toxin binding, which may question the effectiveness of gene stacking in delaying evolution of resistance. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Horizontal transfer of the insect growth regulator pyriproxyfen to larval microcosms by gravid Aedes albopictus and Ochlerotatus triseriatus mosquitoes in the laboratory

MEDICAL AND VETERINARY ENTOMOLOGY, 17(2), 211–220.

By: B. Chism n & C. Apperson n

author keywords: Aedes albopictus; Ochlerotatus triseriatus; adult mosquitoes; bioassay; emergence inhibition; IGR; insect growth regulator; metamorphosis; mosquito behaviour; mosquito control; mosquito immatures; oviposition; pyriproxyfen
MeSH headings : Aedes / drug effects; Aedes / physiology; Animals; Culicidae / drug effects; Culicidae / physiology; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Female; Fertility / drug effects; Gravidity; Juvenile Hormones / administration & dosage; Juvenile Hormones / pharmacology; Larva / drug effects; Mosquito Control / methods; Oviposition; Ovum / drug effects; Ovum / physiology; Pyridines / administration & dosage; Pyridines / pharmacology
TL;DR: The insect growth regulator (IGR) pyriproxyfen is highly active against mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) through continuous emersion of large larvae (instars 3–4) and the concentration causing 50% inhibition of adult emergence (EI50) was determined. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Hierarchical phenotypic and epigenetic variation in cloned swine

BIOLOGY OF REPRODUCTION, 69(2), 430–436.

By: G. Archer*, S. Dindot*, T. Friend*, S. Walker*, G. Zaunbrecher*, B. Lawhorn*, J. Piedrahita*

author keywords: assisted reproductive technology; developmental biology; embryo; gene regulation
MeSH headings : Animals; Base Sequence; Centromere / genetics; Centromere / ultrastructure; Cloning, Molecular; Cloning, Organism / methods; CpG Islands / genetics; DNA Methylation; DNA, Satellite / genetics; Female; Genotype; Methylation; Mitochondria / metabolism; Molecular Sequence Data; Phenotype; Reference Values; Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Sulfites / pharmacology; Swine / genetics
TL;DR: Although cloning creates animals within the normal phenotypic range, it increases the variability associated with some traits, contrary to the expectation that cloning can be used to reduce the size of groups involved in animal experimentation and to reproduce an animal with a homogenous set of desired traits. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Glyphosate-induced reductions in pollen viability and seed set in glyphosate-resistant cotton and attempted remediation by gibberellic acid (GA(3))

WEED SCIENCE, 51(1), 19–27.

author keywords: herbicide-resistant crops; transgenic crops; gametogenesis; male-sterile; pollen; gibberellic acid
TL;DR: Although GA applications to glyphosate-treated GR cotton have some remedial effect on pollen viability, the GA-induced increase in the anther–stigma difference exacerbates the increase in anther-stigma distance caused by glyphosate, resulting in low pollination. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Effects of atmospheric pressure helium/air plasma treatment on adhesion and mechanical properties of aramid fibers

JOURNAL OF ADHESION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 17(6), 847–860.

By: Y. Hwang*, Y. Qiu*, C. Zhang*, B. Jarrard, R. Stedeford, J. Tsai, Y. Park, M. McCord*

author keywords: atmospheric pressure plasma; inter-facial shear strength; fiber/matrix interface; aramid fibers
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Can anthropometric measurements and diet analysis serve as useful tools to determine risk factors for insulin-resistant diabetes type 2 among white and black Americans?

NUTRITION, 19(7-8), 584–588.

author keywords: insulin resistance; diabetes; anthropometric measurements; ethnicity; diet analysis
MeSH headings : Abdomen; Adipose Tissue; Adult; Anthropometry; Black People; Body Composition; Body Constitution; Body Mass Index; Diabetes Mellitus / epidemiology; Diabetes Mellitus / ethnology; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / ethnology; Feeding Behavior; Female; Humans; Insulin Resistance / physiology; Male; Middle Aged; Obesity; Risk Factors; White People
TL;DR: Diet analysis when used in conjunction with anthropometric measurements can serve as a useful tool to detect whether metabolic alterations are related to dietary habits, and researchers should consider anatomic differences among different racial groups as covariables. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

A profile of putative parasitism genes expressed in the esophageal gland cells of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita

MOLECULAR PLANT-MICROBE INTERACTIONS, 16(5), 376–381.

By: G. Huang, B. Gao, T. Maier, R. Allen, E. Davis*, T. Baum, R. Hussey*

author keywords: gland-cell cDNA library; plant-parasitic nematode; stylet secretions
MeSH headings : Animals; DNA, Complementary / chemistry; DNA, Complementary / genetics; Esophagus / cytology; Esophagus / metabolism; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Gene Library; Helminth Proteins / genetics; Molecular Sequence Data; Nematoda / genetics; Nematoda / growth & development; Plant Development; Plant Diseases / parasitology; Plants / parasitology; Sequence Analysis, DNA
TL;DR: Cell-specific analysis of genes encoding secretory proteins provided, for the first time, a profile of putative parasitism genes expressed in the M. incognita esophageal gland cells throughout the parasitic cycle. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Spinosad selection of a laboratory strain of the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae), and characterization of resistance

CROP PROTECTION, 22(2), 265–273.

By: H. Young n, W. Bailey n & R. Roe n

author keywords: spinosad; tracer; resistance; tobacco budworm; Heliothis virescens
TL;DR: The potential for insect resistance to the spinosyns, a novel class of insecticide chemistry, was examined using a laboratory strain of the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens (F), originally collected from tobacco at sites in North Carolina. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Spatial processes in the evolution of resistance in Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae) to Bt transgenic corn and cotton in a mixed agroecosystem: a biology-rich stochastic simulation model

JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY, 96(1), 156–172.

By: N. Storer, S. Peck*, F. Gould*, J. Van Duyn & G. Kennedy*

author keywords: Bacillus thuringiensis; transgenic crops; computer simulation; resistance management
TL;DR: A simulation model is developed to examine the role of spatial processes in the evolution of resistance in Helicoverpa zea populations to Bt corn and Bt cotton and suggests that farm-level refuge requirements are important for managing the risk of resistance. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Sensitivity analysis of a spatially-explicit stochastic simulation model of the evolution of resistance in Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae) to Bt transgenic corn and cotton

JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY, 96(1), 173–187.

By: N. Storer, S. Peck*, F. Gould*, J. Van Duyn & G. Kennedy*

author keywords: Bacillus thuringiensis; transgenic crops; computer simulation; resistance management
TL;DR: The sensitivities of a model simulating the evolution of resistance in Helicoverpa zea to Bt toxins in transgenic crops were investigated by examining effects of each of the model parameters on the frequency of resistance alleles after 8 yr, and can be used as a scientific basis for devising a robust resistance management strategy for Bt crops. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Seasonal dispersal patterns of Frankliniella fusca (Thysanoptera : Thripidae) and tomato spotted wilt virus occurrence in central and eastern North Carolina

JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY, 96(1), 1–11.

author keywords: Frankliniella occidentalis; thrips; tomato spotted wilt virus
MeSH headings : Animals; Insect Vectors; Insecta / physiology; North Carolina; Plant Diseases / virology; Seasons; Tospovirus
TL;DR: Seasonal abundance and temporal pattern of Frankliniella fusca Hinds dispersal and TSWV occurrence may be a useful indicator for describing the time when susceptible crops are at highest risk of T SWV infection. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2003 journal article

Gonadal differentiation and effects of temperature on sex determination in southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma)

AQUACULTURE, 216(1-4), 315–327.

author keywords: southern flounder; sex differentiation; gonadal development; TSD; histology
TL;DR: It is indicated that sex differentiation in southern flounder is distinguishable in most fish by 100–120 mm TL and that sex determination is sensitive to temperature. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

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