Digital Transformation of Education

Works Published in 2021

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Displaying all 20 works

Sorted by most recent date added to the index first, which may not be the same as publication date order.

2021 article

Tackling the Credit Assignment Problem in Reinforcement Learning-Induced Pedagogical Policies with Neural Networks

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN EDUCATION (AIED 2021), PT I, Vol. 12748, pp. 356–368.

author keywords: Pedagogical agent; Credit assignment problem; Deep reinforcement learning
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: November 28, 2022

2021 article

Evaluating Critical Reinforcement Learning Framework in the Field

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN EDUCATION (AIED 2021), PT I, Vol. 12748, pp. 215–227.

By: S. Ju n, G. Zhou n, M. Abdelshiheed n, T. Barnes n & M. Chi n

author keywords: Critical decisions; Reinforcement learning; ITS
Source: Web Of Science
Added: November 28, 2022

2021 article

Infusing Computing: Moving a Service Oriented Internship Program Online

IEEE STCBP RESPECT CONFERENCE: 2021 RESEARCH ON EQUITY AND SUSTAINED PARTICIPATION IN ENGINEERING, COMPUTING, AND TECHNOLOGY (RESPECT), pp. 199–203.

By: A. Isvik n, V. Catete n, D. Bell n, I. Gransbury n & T. Barnes n

author keywords: computing education; virtual internship; service-learning
TL;DR: This paper investigates the problem of how to provide a meaningful experiential education program in a virtual environment and serve geographically dispersed participants through the experience with moving a service oriented internship program online. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: November 7, 2022

2021 article

Examining Equity in Computing-Infused Lessons Made by Novices

IEEE STCBP RESPECT CONFERENCE: 2021 RESEARCH ON EQUITY AND SUSTAINED PARTICIPATION IN ENGINEERING, COMPUTING, AND TECHNOLOGY (RESPECT), pp. 157–161.

By: A. Isvik n, V. Catete n, E. Elmore n & T. Barnes n

author keywords: equity; curriculum design; equity analysis
TL;DR: Ten computing-infused lessons with high equity scores created by high school interns are examined to determine how meaningful these equity scores are, what themes are present across projects, and to provide curriculum developers with strategies for ensuring their activities utilize equitable practices to be intentionally inclusive of all students. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: November 7, 2022

2021 article

To Reduce Healthcare Workload: Identify Critical Sepsis Progression Moments through Deep Reinforcement Learning

2021 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BIG DATA (BIG DATA), pp. 1640–1646.

By: S. Ju n, Y. Kim n, M. Ausin n, M. Mayorga n & M. Chi n

author keywords: Reinforcement Learning; Sepsis; Critical Decision
TL;DR: The Critical-DRL approach, by which decisions are made at critical junctures, is as effective as a fully executed DRL policy and moreover, it enables the critical moments in the septic treatment process, thus greatly reducing burden on medical decision-makers by allowing them to make critical clinical decisions without negatively impacting outcomes. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (Web of Science)
16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: July 5, 2022

2021 article

InferNet for Delayed Reinforcement Tasks: Addressing the Temporal Credit Assignment Problem

2021 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BIG DATA (BIG DATA), pp. 1337–1348.

By: M. Ausin n, H. Azizsoltani n, S. Ju n, Y. Kim n & M. Chi n

author keywords: Credit Assignment Problem; Deep Reinforcement Learning
TL;DR: The results show that InferNet is robust to delayed or noisy reward functions, and it could be used effectively for solving the temporal CAP in a wide range of RL tasks, when immediate rewards are not available or they are noisy. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: July 5, 2022

2021 article

Multi-Temporal Abstraction with Time-Aware Deep Q-Learning for Septic Shock Prevention

2021 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BIG DATA (BIG DATA), pp. 1657–1663.

author keywords: deep reinforcement learning; time-aware; temporal abstraction; sepsis
TL;DR: This work proposes MTA-TQN, a Multi-view -Temporal Abstraction mechanism within a Time-aware deep Q-learning Network framework for septic shock prevention and demonstrates that both time-awareness and multi-view temporal abstraction are essential to induce effective policies, particularly with irregular time-series data. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: July 5, 2022

2021 article

Removing the Walls Around Visual Educational Programming Environments

2021 IEEE SYMPOSIUM ON VISUAL LANGUAGES AND HUMAN-CENTRIC COMPUTING (VL/HCC 2021).

TL;DR: NetsBlox is presented, a programming environment that supports distributed computing and other widely used but advanced computing concepts including networking, the Internet of Things, and cybersecurity to novices and shows that tools can be designed to democratize access to powerful ideas in computing. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: June 6, 2022

2021 article

PEDI - Piazza Explorer Dashboard for Intervention

2021 IEEE SYMPOSIUM ON VISUAL LANGUAGES AND HUMAN-CENTRIC COMPUTING (VL/HCC 2021).

author keywords: learning analytics dashboards; forum activity; real time visualizations
TL;DR: PEDI (Piazza Explorer Dashboard for Intervention), a tool which analyzes and presents visualizations of forum activity on Piazza, a question and answer forum, to instructors, may improve class performance and pave the way for a new generation of online tools. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: June 6, 2022

2021 article

You Really Need Help: Exploring Expert Reasons for Intervention During Block-based Programming Assignments

ICER 2021: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 17TH ACM CONFERENCE ON INTERNATIONAL COMPUTING EDUCATION RESEARCH, pp. 334–346.

author keywords: novice programming; proactive intervention; block-based environments; programming assignments; expert intervention
TL;DR: This work studied human tutors’ reasons for providing interventions during two introductory programming assignments in a block-based environment and sheds light on when and why students might need programming interventions. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: April 4, 2022

2021 article

Exploring and Influencing Teacher Grading for Block-based Programs through Rubrics and the GradeSnap Tool

ICER 2021: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 17TH ACM CONFERENCE ON INTERNATIONAL COMPUTING EDUCATION RESEARCH, pp. 101–114.

author keywords: block-based languages; grading and assessment tools; secondary teacher tools
TL;DR: This research is the first to examine teacher grading processes for computer science, and highlights the need for teacher preparation and support for providing programming feedback and assessment. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: April 4, 2022

2021 article

Data to Donations: Towards In-Kind Food Donation Prediction across Two Coasts

2021 IEEE GLOBAL HUMANITARIAN TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE (GHTC), pp. 281–288.

By: E. Sharma n, L. Davis*, J. Ivy n & M. Chi n

author keywords: Food Insecurity; Humanitarian Supply Chain; Bayesian Structural Time Series; Long Short Term Memory; Training Length; Expanding and Sliding Window
TL;DR: This work investigates the effectiveness of employing an average of all predictions formed by considering all three factors at both monthly and weekly levels for both food banks and shows that this average of predictions significantly and consistently outperforms all classical models, deep learning, and BSTS. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: March 28, 2022

2021 journal article

NEW FINDINGS ON STUDENT MULTITASKING WITH MOBILE DEVICES AND STUDENT SUCCESS

JOURNAL OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION-INNOVATIONS IN PRACTICE, 20, 21–35.

By: U. Eseryel n, D. Jiang n & D. Eseryel n

author keywords: multitasking; undergraduate students; learning success; learning performance; learning satisfaction; quasi-experiment
TL;DR: This study showed that multitasking involving IT texting does not decrease students’ performance in class compared to not multitasking, and it was found that attitude towards multitasking moderated the relationship between multitasking and learning satisfaction. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: January 31, 2022

2021 article

Unifying Domain Adaptation and Domain Generalization for Robust Prediction Across Minority Racial Groups

MACHINE LEARNING AND KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY IN DATABASES, Vol. 12975, pp. 521–537.

By: F. Khoshnevisan* & M. Chi n

author keywords: Domain adaptation; Domain generalization; Cross-racial transfer; Septic shock
TL;DR: A multi-source adversarial domain separation framework designed to address two types of discrepancies, covariate shift stemming from differences in patient populations, and systematic bias on account of data collection procedures across medical systems are presented. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
10. Reduced Inequalities (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: November 15, 2021

2021 journal article

A Theoretical and Evidence-Based Conceptual Design of MetaDash: An Intelligent Teacher Dashboard to Support Teachers' Decision Making and Students' Self-Regulated Learning

FRONTIERS IN EDUCATION, 6.

author keywords: self-regulated learning (SRL); teacher decision making; learning; multimodal data; teacher dashboards
TL;DR: A conceptual system design for integrating reinforcement learning into a teacher dashboard to help guide the utilization of multimodal data collected on students’ and teachers’ CAMM SRL processes during complex learning. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 23, 2021

2021 article

Leveraging Granularity: Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning for Pedagogical Policy Induction

Zhou, G., Azizsoltani, H., Ausin, M. S., Barnes, T., & Chi, M. (2021, August 16). INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN EDUCATION.

author keywords: Hierarchical reinforcement learning; Decision granularity; Pedagogical policy
TL;DR: An offline, off-policy Gaussian Processes based Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning (HRL) framework is proposed and applied to induce a hierarchical pedagogical policy that makes adaptive, effective decisions at both the problem and step levels. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 23, 2021

2021 article

Forests After Florence: an informal community-engaged STEM research project promotes STEM identity in disaster-impacted students

Mulvey, K. L., Joy, A., Caslin, M., Orcutt, D., Eseryel, D., & Katti, M. (2021, June 22). RESEARCH IN SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGICAL EDUCATION, Vol. 6.

By: K. Mulvey n, A. Joy n, M. Caslin n, D. Orcutt n, D. Eseryel n & M. Katti n

author keywords: Resilience; STEM identity; gender; forestry; hurricanes
TL;DR: This research evaluated how participation in an STEM education intervention after an ecological disaster can have lasting impacts on a community. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
10. Reduced Inequalities (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: July 6, 2021

2021 article

The Impact of Looking Further Ahead: A Comparison of Two Data-driven Unsolicited Hint Types on Performance in an Intelligent Data-driven Logic Tutor

Cody, C., Maniktala, M., Lytle, N., Chi, M., & Barnes, T. (2021, May 21). INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN EDUCATION.

author keywords: Tutoring system; Hints; Assistance; Data-driven methods
TL;DR: The influence of data-driven hint type, Waypoints versus Next-Step hints, on student learning in a logic proof tutoring system, Deep Thought, in a discrete mathematics course is investigated to suggest that Waypoint hints could be beneficial, but more scaffolding may be needed to help students follow them. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: June 10, 2021

2021 article

Avoiding Help Avoidance: Using Interface Design Changes to Promote Unsolicited Hint Usage in an Intelligent Tutor (September, 10.1007/s40593-020-00213-3, 2020)

Maniktala, M., Cody, C., Barnes, T., & Chi, M. (2021, March). INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN EDUCATION, Vol. 31, pp. 154–155.

Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 21, 2020

2021 journal article

Predictive Student Modeling in Game-Based Learning Environments with Word Embedding Representations of Reflection

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN EDUCATION, 31(1), 1–23.

author keywords: Student modeling; Early prediction; Game-based learning environments; Self-regulated learning; Reflection
TL;DR: A predictive student modeling framework that leverages natural language responses to in-game reflection prompts to predict student learning outcomes in a game-based learning environment for middle school microbiology, CRYSTAL ISLAND is presented. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
4. Quality Education (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: November 9, 2020

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