Works Published in 2015

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Displaying works 21 - 40 of 56 in total

Sorted by most recent date added to the index first, which may not be the same as publication date order.

2015 journal article

Transcriptional control of tissue formation throughout root development

SCIENCE, 350(6259), 426–430.

MeSH headings : Arabidopsis / cytology; Arabidopsis / genetics; Arabidopsis / growth & development; Arabidopsis Proteins / metabolism; Cell Division / genetics; Cell Lineage / genetics; Gene Expression Regulation, Plant; Plant Roots / cytology; Plant Roots / genetics; Plant Roots / growth & development; Transcription Factors / metabolism; Transcription, Genetic
TL;DR: It is shown that the BIRDs and SCARECROW regulate lineage identity, positional signals, patterning, and formative divisions throughout Arabidopsis root growth, ensuring developmental plasticity. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 review

Recent progress and open questions in Drosophila dosage compensation

[Review of ]. FLY, 9(1), 29–35.

By: S. Vensko n & E. Stone n

author keywords: chromatin; dosage compensation; Drosophila; epigenetics; male-specific lethal; MSL complex; review
MeSH headings : Animals; Biological Evolution; Dosage Compensation, Genetic; Drosophila melanogaster / genetics; Drosophila melanogaster / metabolism; Sex Chromosomes
TL;DR: Recent progress in the field of Drosophila dosage compensation is synthesized as a means to highlight open questions, including how the MSL complex targets the X chromosome, how dosage compensation has shaped evolution of X-linked genes, and the degree to whichMSL complex-mediated dosage compensation varies in activity across somatic tissues. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Occurrence and activity of a type II CRISPR-Cas system in Lactobacillus gasseri

MICROBIOLOGY-SGM, 161, 1752–1761.

MeSH headings : Base Sequence; CRISPR-Cas Systems / genetics; Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats; Gene Order; Genome, Bacterial; Lactobacillus / genetics; Molecular Sequence Data; Plasmids / genetics
TL;DR: The distribution and function of a native type II-A CRISPR-Cas system in the commensal species L. gasseri is reported, which open avenues for applications for bacteriophage protection and genome modification in L.gasseri, and contribute to the fundamental understanding of CRISpr-Cas systems in bacteria. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

No Evidence that Infection Alters Global Recombination Rate in House Mice

PLoS One, 10(11).

MeSH headings : Animals; Borrelia Infections / genetics; Borrelia Infections / microbiology; Borrelia burgdorferi / physiology; Crossing Over, Genetic; Female; Genetic Variation; Male; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Testis / metabolism
TL;DR: The findings suggest that recombination rates in house mice may be resilient to at least some forms of infection stress, and motivates future experiments with alternative house mouse pathogens to evaluate the generality of this conclusion. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Mitochondrial genome sequences reveal evolutionary relationships of the Phytophthora 1c clade species

CURRENT GENETICS, 61(4), 567–577.

By: E. Lassiter n, C. Russ*, C. Nusbaum*, Q. Zeng*, A. Saville n, R. Olarte n, I. Carbone n, C. Hu n ...

author keywords: Phytophthora 1 c clade; Mitochondria; Late blight; Phylogenetics
MeSH headings : Biological Evolution; Chimera / microbiology; Colombia; DNA, Mitochondrial / genetics; Ecuador; Genome, Mitochondrial; Solanum lycopersicum / microbiology; Mitochondria / genetics; Peru; Phylogeny; Phylogeography; Phytophthora / classification; Phytophthora / genetics; Phytophthora infestans / classification; Phytophthora infestans / genetics; Plant Diseases / microbiology; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Solanum tuberosum / microbiology
TL;DR: The ancestral state of the P. andina Ic lineage in the tree and its occurrence only in the Andean regions of Ecuador, Colombia and Peru suggests that the origin of this species hybrid in nature may occur there. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Identification of maternal haploids of Nicotiana tabacum aided by transgenic expression of green fluorescent protein: evidence for chromosome elimination in the N-tabacum x N-africana interspecific cross

MOLECULAR BREEDING, 35(9).

author keywords: Nicotiana; Haploids; Hybrid lethality; Tobacco; Chromosome elimination; Parthenogenesis
TL;DR: The results present evidence of genetic instability in progeny from the N. africana cross and suggest that, in contrast to previous belief, chromosome elimination may play at least a partial role in the generation of haploids from this cross. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
3. Good Health and Well-being (OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Expanding the biotechnology potential of lactobacilli through comparative genomics of 213 strains and associated genera

NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 6.

By: Z. Sun*, H. Harris*, A. McCann*, C. Guo*, S. Argimon*, W. Zhang*, X. Yang*, I. Jeffery* ...

MeSH headings : Biotechnology; Genome, Bacterial; Lactobacillus / enzymology; Lactobacillus / genetics; Leuconostoc / genetics; Pediococcus / genetics; Phylogeny; Sequence Analysis, DNA
TL;DR: The genome sequences of 213 different Lactobacilli strains and associated genera are reported, and new insight is provided into phylogenomic organization and adaptive immunity elements in this bacteria family, presenting a robust phylogenomic framework of existing species and for classifying new species. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Increased exposure to acute thermal stress is associated with a non-linear increase in recombination frequency and an independent linear decrease in fitness in Drosophila

BMC EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY, 15.

By: S. Jackson n, D. Nielsen n & N. Singh n

MeSH headings : Animals; Biological Evolution; Drosophila melanogaster / cytology; Drosophila melanogaster / genetics; Drosophila melanogaster / physiology; Heat-Shock Response; Meiosis; Recombination, Genetic
TL;DR: It is found that increased exposure to heat shock conditions is associated with a non-linear increase in meiotic recombination frequency, and an independent effect of heat shock on organismal fitness, with fitness decreasing with increased duration of thermal stress. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Fruit flies diversify their offspring in response to parasite infection

SCIENCE, 349(6249), 747–750.

By: N. Singh n, D. Criscoe*, S. Skolfield*, K. Kohl*, E. Keebaugh* & T. Schlenke*

MeSH headings : Animals; Biological Evolution; Drosophila melanogaster / genetics; Drosophila melanogaster / growth & development; Drosophila melanogaster / parasitology; Female; Genetic Fitness; Genetic Variation; Larva; Male; Mutation; Parasitic Diseases / genetics; Recombination, Genetic; Reproduction / genetics
TL;DR: It is shown that Drosophila melanogaster plastically increases the production of recombinant offspring after infection, which is consistent across genetic backgrounds, developmental stages, and parasite types but is not induced after sterile wounding. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Relaxing the Molecular Clock to Different Degrees for Different Substitution Types

MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, 32(8), 1948–1961.

By: H. Lee n, N. Rodrigue* & J. Thorne n

author keywords: CpG transition rate; context-dependent substitution; relaxed molecular clock; divergence time estimation
MeSH headings : Animals; Biological Clocks / physiology; CpG Islands / physiology; DNA, Intergenic / genetics; Evolution, Molecular; Humans; Models, Biological
TL;DR: Through stochastic mapping of sequence histories from context-independent substitution models, this approach allows for context-dependent nucleotide substitutions to change their relative rates over time, and finds comparatively little rate variation over time for CpG to TpG substitutions. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Gene-Specific Translation Regulation Mediated by the Hormone-Signaling Molecule EIN2

CELL, 163(3), 684–697.

MeSH headings : 3' Untranslated Regions; Arabidopsis / genetics; Arabidopsis / metabolism; Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics; Arabidopsis Proteins / metabolism; DNA-Binding Proteins; Ethylenes / metabolism; F-Box Proteins / genetics; Gene Expression Regulation, Plant; Nuclear Proteins / metabolism; Protein Biosynthesis; RNA, Messenger / metabolism; Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism; Ribosomes / metabolism; Signal Transduction; Transcription Factors / metabolism
TL;DR: Characterization of one of the targets of this translation regulatory machinery, the ethylene signaling component EBF2, indicates that the signaling molecule EIN2 and the nonsense-mediated decay proteins UPFs play a central role in this ethylene-induced translational response. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Different axes of environmental variation explain the presence vs. extent of cooperative nest founding associations in Polistes paper wasps

Ecology Letters, 18(10), 1057–1067.

By: M. Sheehan, C. Botero, T. Hendry, B. Sedio, J. Jandt, S. Weiner, A. Toth, E. Tibbetts

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Defining multiple, distinct, and shared spatiotemporal patterns of DNA replication and endoreduplication from 3D image analysis of developing maize (Zea mays L.) root tip nuclei

PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 89(4-5), 339–351.

By: H. Bass*, G. Hoffman*, T. Lee n, E. Wear n, S. Joseph*, G. Allen n, L. Hanley-Bowdoin n, W. Thompson n

author keywords: Cell cycle; DNA synthesis; Grass
MeSH headings : Cell Nucleus / genetics; Cell Nucleus / metabolism; DNA Replication / genetics; DNA Replication Timing / genetics; DNA, Plant / biosynthesis; DNA, Plant / genetics; Endoreduplication / genetics; Genes, Plant; Imaging, Three-Dimensional; Meristem / genetics; Meristem / growth & development; Meristem / metabolism; Models, Biological; S Phase / genetics; Zea mays / genetics; Zea mays / growth & development; Zea mays / metabolism
TL;DR: 3D quantitative analysis of DNA replication and endoreduplication in nuclei from pulse-labeled developing maize root tips revealed that maize euchromatin exists as an intermingled mixture of two components distinguished by their condensation state and replication timing. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Tissue-specific gene expression in maize seeds during colonization by Aspergillus flavus and Fusarium verticillioides

MOLECULAR PLANT PATHOLOGY, 16(7), 662–674.

By: X. Shu n, D. Livingston n, R. Franks n, R. Boston n, C. Woloshuk* & G. Payne n

Contributors: X. Shu n, D. Livingston n, R. Franks n, R. Boston n, C. Woloshuk* & G. Payne n

author keywords: Aspergillus flavus; Fusarium verticillioides; histology; maize; PRms; RNAinsitu hybridization; Sh1
MeSH headings : Aspergillus flavus / pathogenicity; Fusarium / pathogenicity; Seeds / metabolism; Zea mays / embryology; Zea mays / microbiology
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

The plant parasite Pratylenchus coffeae carries a minimal nematode genome

NEMATOLOGY, 17, 621–637.

By: M. Burke n, E. Scholl n, D. Bird n, J. Schaff n, S. Colman*, R. Crowell*, S. Diener*, O. Gordon* ...

author keywords: Caenorhabditis elegans; lesion nematode; Meloidogyne hapla; migratory endoparasitic nematodes; nematode evolution; protein encoding genes
TL;DR: The genome sequence of the lesion nematode, Pratylenchus coffeae, a significant pest of banana and other staple crops in tropical and sub-tropical regions worldwide is reported, and the P. coffeaegenome sequence may help to define timelines related to evolution of parasitism amongst nematodes. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
15. Life on Land (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 article

Sortase-deficient lactobacilli: effect on immunomodulation and gut retention

Call, E. K., Goh, Y. J., Selle, K., Klaenhammer, T. R., & O'Flaherty, S. (2015, February). MICROBIOLOGY-SGM, Vol. 161, pp. 311–321.

By: E. Call n, Y. Goh n, K. Selle n, T. Klaenhammer n & S. O'Flaherty n

MeSH headings : Aminoacyltransferases / genetics; Aminoacyltransferases / immunology; Aminoacyltransferases / metabolism; Animals; Bacterial Adhesion; Bacterial Proteins / genetics; Bacterial Proteins / immunology; Bacterial Proteins / metabolism; Caco-2 Cells; Cysteine Endopeptidases / genetics; Cysteine Endopeptidases / immunology; Cysteine Endopeptidases / metabolism; Dendritic Cells / immunology; Dendritic Cells / microbiology; Gastrointestinal Tract / immunology; Gastrointestinal Tract / microbiology; Humans; Immunomodulation; Lactobacillus / enzymology; Lactobacillus / genetics; Lactobacillus / growth & development; Lactobacillus / physiology; Lactobacillus acidophilus / enzymology; Lactobacillus acidophilus / genetics; Lactobacillus acidophilus / growth & development; Lactobacillus acidophilus / physiology; Mice; Swine; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / immunology
TL;DR: It is shown for the first time that sortase-dependent proteins contribute to gut retention of probiotic microbes in the gastrointestinal tract. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 article

Genetic Mechanisms of Prebiotic Oligosaccharide Metabolism in Probiotic Microbes

ANNUAL REVIEW OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, VOL 6, Vol. 6, pp. 137–156.

author keywords: Lactobacillus; Bifidobacterium; fructooligosaccharide; galactooligosaccharide; prebiotic; probiotic
MeSH headings : Bifidobacterium / metabolism; Lactobacillus / metabolism; Oligosaccharides / metabolism; Prebiotics; Probiotics
TL;DR: This review highlights recent findings on the genetic mechanisms involved in the utilization of prebiotic fructooligosaccharides, β-galactooligOSaccharide, human milk oligosac charides, and other prebiotics candidates by these probiotic microbes. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

Enhanced diversity and aflatoxigenicity in interspecific hybrids of Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus

MOLECULAR ECOLOGY, 24(8), 1889–1909.

By: R. Olarte n, C. Worthington n, B. Horn*, G. Moore*, R. Singh n, J. Monacell n, J. Dorner*, E. Stone n, D. Xie n, I. Carbone n

author keywords: allopolyploid; array comparative genome hybridization; flow cytometry; meiosis; population
MeSH headings : Aflatoxins / biosynthesis; Aspergillus / classification; Aspergillus / genetics; Aspergillus flavus / genetics; Comparative Genomic Hybridization; Genes, Mating Type, Fungal; Genotype; Genotyping Techniques; Hybridization, Genetic; Molecular Sequence Data; Phenotype; Phylogeny; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Sterigmatocystin / analogs & derivatives; Sterigmatocystin / biosynthesis
TL;DR: The results suggest that hybridization is an important diversifying force resulting in the genesis of novel toxin profiles in these agriculturally important fungi. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 journal article

CRISPR-based screening of genomic island excision events in bacteria

PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 112(26), 8076–8081.

author keywords: CRISPR; lactic acid bacteria; transposons; IS-elements; Cas9
MeSH headings : Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats; Gene Deletion; Genome, Bacterial; Homeostasis; Homologous Recombination; Streptococcus thermophilus / genetics; Streptococcus thermophilus / growth & development
TL;DR: This study shows that CRISPR-Cas systems can be directed to target and delete genomic islands that are flanked by insertion-sequence elements and devoid of essential genes, and established that self-targeting CRISpr-cas systems may direct significant evolution of bacterial genomes on a population level, influencing genome homeostasis and remodeling. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2015 review

Auxin and cytokinin act during gynoecial patterning and the development of ovules from the meristematic medial domain

[Review of ]. WILEY INTERDISCIPLINARY REVIEWS-DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 4(6), 555–571.

By: B. Sehra n & R. Franks n

Contributors: B. Sehra n & R. Franks n

MeSH headings : Arabidopsis / genetics; Arabidopsis / growth & development; Cytokinins / metabolism; Gene Expression Regulation, Plant / physiology; Indoleacetic Acids / metabolism; Meristem / growth & development; Meristem / metabolism; Ovule / growth & development; Ovule / metabolism
TL;DR: This review focuses on molecular aspects of the development of the Arabidopsis thaliana gynoecium, and highlights what has been learned recently with respect to the role of auxin. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

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