Works Published in 2000

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Displaying works 101 - 120 of 131 in total

Sorted by most recent date added to the index first, which may not be the same as publication date order.

2000 journal article

Rate and extent of dry matter digestibility in sacco of both oven- and freeze-dried Paraserianthes falcataria, Calliandra calothyrsus, and Gliricidia sepium

Tropical Agriculture, 77(1), 1–5.

By: R. Merkel, K. Pond, J. Burns & D. Fisher

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

The importance of seminal plasma on the fertility of subsequent artificial inseminations in swine

Journal of Animal Science, 78(2), 443–448.

By: K. Rozeboom*, M. Troedsson*, H. Hodson*, G. Shurson* & B. Crabo*

MeSH headings : Animals; Breeding / methods; Estrus Detection; Female; Fertility / physiology; Freezing; Insemination, Artificial / veterinary; Male; Semen / physiology; Specimen Handling / veterinary; Spermatozoa / physiology; Swine / physiology
TL;DR: The results show that the fertility of a subsequent AI can be impaired when semen is deposited into an inflamed environment created by an earlier AI, and this impairment was offset by inclusion of SP in the subsequent insemination. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Response of nitrogen metabolism in preparturient dairy cows to methionine supplementation

Journal of Animal Science, 78(3), 742–749.

By: A. Bach*, G. Huntington n & M. Stern*

MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animals; Cattle / metabolism; Dairying; Dietary Supplements; Energy Intake; Female; Labor, Obstetric; Liver / metabolism; Methionine / blood; Methionine / metabolism; Nitrogen / metabolism; Pregnancy; Rumen / metabolism; Splanchnic Circulation; Urea / blood
TL;DR: Results indicate that methionine was the limiting amino acid with Control and that MET was beneficial because it increased methionin supply to peripheral tissues and reduced arterial urea concentrations. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Intake and chewing behavior of steers consuming switchgrass preserved as hay or silage

Journal of Animal Science, 78(7), 1983–1989.

MeSH headings : Animal Feed / analysis; Animals; Cattle / growth & development; Energy Intake / physiology; Feeding Behavior / physiology; Food Preservation / methods; Male; Mastication / physiology; Poaceae / chemistry
TL;DR: It is indicated that preservation method with its concomitant differences in chop length affected forage chemical composition and voluntary intake, and that differences in chewing behavior occurred mostly during eating. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Influence of vitamin A injection before mating on oocyte development, follicular hormones, and ovulation in gilts fed high-energy diets

Journal of Animal Science, 78(6), 1598–1607.

By: S. Whaley n, V. Hedgpeth n, C. Farin n, N. Martus n, F. Jayes n & J. Britt n

MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animals; Dinoprost / metabolism; Embryonic and Fetal Development / drug effects; Energy Metabolism; Estradiol / metabolism; Female; Follicle Stimulating Hormone / blood; Granulosa Cells / drug effects; Granulosa Cells / metabolism; Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / metabolism; Luteinizing Hormone / blood; Oocytes / drug effects; Oocytes / growth & development; Ovulation / drug effects; Progesterone / metabolism; Sexual Behavior, Animal / drug effects; Swine / metabolism; Vitamin A / pharmacology
TL;DR: Evidence is provided that vitamin A may influence embryonic development by advancing resumption of meiosis and altering follicular hormonal environment during follicle maturation and treatment with vitamin A in vivo did not affect LH-stimulated or unstimulated secretion of progesterone by granulosa cells in vitro. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

High dietary copper improves odor characteristics of swine waste

Journal of Animal Science, 78(4), 859–864.

MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animals; Citrates / pharmacology; Copper Sulfate / pharmacology; Dietary Supplements; Feces; Odorants; Swine / metabolism; Waste Management / methods
TL;DR: Data indicate an improvement in odor characteristics of swine waste with the supplementation of Cu, and lower concentrations of an organic nonsulfate Cu source resulted in similar odor characteristics in swine Waste as 225 ppm CuSO4. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Evaluation of numbers of microscopic and macroscopic follicles in cattle selected for twinning

Journal of Animal Science, 78(6), 1564–1567.

By: R. Cushman n, V. Hedgpeth n, S. Echternkamp* & J. Britt n

MeSH headings : Animals; Breeding; Cattle / anatomy & histology; Cattle / genetics; Cattle / physiology; Female; Ovarian Follicle / anatomy & histology; Ovary / anatomy & histology; Pregnancy; Pregnancy, Multiple / physiology; Surface Properties; Twins
TL;DR: It is concluded that ovaries of Control and Twinner cows do not differ in the number of primordial follicles or in thenumber of follicles activated into the growing pool; however,Twinner cows are able to maintain more growing follicles at the secondary and subsequent stages of development. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Evaluation of crossbred calf and cow types for the coastal plain of North Carolina

Journal of Animal Science, 78(9), 2253–2256.

By: A. Pala n, O. Robison n & R. McCraw n

MeSH headings : Animals; Breeding / methods; Cattle / genetics; Cattle / physiology; Cattle Diseases / physiopathology; Hybridization, Genetic / physiology; North Carolina; Stress, Physiological / physiopathology; Stress, Physiological / veterinary
TL;DR: Angus crosses had the lowest weaning weight, birth weight, and milk yield, but the highest kilograms of calf weaned per cow exposed in all data sets. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
14. Life Below Water (OpenAlex)
Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Effects of feed physical form and buffering solutes on water disappearance and proximal stomach pH in swine

Journal of Animal Science, 78(9), 2344–2352.

By: K. Ange n, J. Eisemann n, R. Argenzio n, G. Almond n & A. Blikslager n

Contributors: K. Ange n, J. Eisemann n, R. Argenzio n, G. Almond n & A. Blikslager n

MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animals; Buffers; Gastric Mucosa / metabolism; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Solutions; Swine / metabolism; Water / metabolism; Water Supply
TL;DR: The effects of the physical form of feed on water disappearance and the effects of buffered water on proximal stomach pH in swine were determined in two experiments and the proximal pH of the stomach was increased by adding buffers to the water supply. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Sources: NC State University Libraries, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Effects of dietary copper concentration and source on performance and copper status of growing and finishing steers

Journal of Animal Science, 78(9), 2446–2451.

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Effect of level of whole cottonseed on intake, digestibility, and performance of growing male goats fed hay-based diets

Journal of Animal Science, 78(6), 1677–1683.

MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animals; Blood Urea Nitrogen; Cottonseed Oil / pharmacology; Digestion; Energy Intake / drug effects; Feeding Behavior / drug effects; Goats / growth & development; Goats / metabolism; Gossypol / blood; Male; Poaceae; Weight Gain / drug effects
TL;DR: Adding WCS to diets for growing goats had detrimental effects on animal performance, and, based on the possible negative effects of dietary EE and NDF rather than gossypol, economics should dictate whether to use WCS in feeding programs. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
6. Clean Water and Sanitation (OpenAlex)
Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Dietary copper effects on lipid metabolism, performance, and ruminal fermentation in finishing steers

Journal of Animal Science, 78(9), 2452–2458.

By: T. Engel & J. Spears n

MeSH headings : Animals; Body Weight; Cattle / growth & development; Copper / pharmacology; Diet; Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / pharmacology; Fermentation; Lipid Metabolism; Male; Random Allocation; Rumen / metabolism
TL;DR: Investigation of the effects of dietary Cu concentration on lipid metabolism and ruminal fermentation in Angus steers indicates that addition of 10 or 20 mg Cu/kg to a high-concentrate diet containing 4.9 mg Cu /kg DM alters lipid and cholesterol metabolism in steers but does not affectRuminal fermentation. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Nitrogen metabolism of early lactation cows fed diets with two different levels of protein and different amino acid profiles

JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE, 83(11), 2585–2595.

By: A. Bach n, G. Huntington*, S. Calsamiglia & M. Stern n

author keywords: amino acids; milk production; plasma flow; protein
MeSH headings : Amino Acids / blood; Amino Acids / metabolism; Animal Feed / analysis; Animals; Cattle; Dietary Proteins; Female; Insulin / blood; Lactation / physiology; Liver Circulation; Mammary Glands, Animal / blood supply; Mammary Glands, Animal / physiology; Mesenteric Veins; Milk / chemistry; Milk / metabolism; Nitrogen / metabolism; Parity; Urea / blood
TL;DR: It is concluded that milk protein production during early lactation is less susceptible to variations in dietary CP contents than variations in the AA profile of the dietary protein. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Influence of the novel urease inhibitor N-(n-butyl) thiophosphoric triamide on ruminant nitrogen metabolism: II. Ruminal nitrogen metabolism, diet digestibility, and nitrogen balance in lambs

Journal of Animal Science, 78(1), 188–198.

By: P. Ludden*, D. Harmon*, G. Huntington n, B. Larson* & D. Axe

MeSH headings : Ammonia / blood; Animal Feed; Animals; Blood Glucose / metabolism; Digestion / drug effects; Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology; Kinetics; Male; Nitrogen / metabolism; Organophosphorus Compounds / pharmacology; Rumen / drug effects; Rumen / enzymology; Rumen / metabolism; Sheep / growth & development; Sheep / metabolism; Urease / antagonists & inhibitors
TL;DR: The results suggest that although NBPT is capable of inhibiting ruminal urease short-term, the ruminal microflora may be capable of adapting to chronic NBPT administration, thereby limiting its practical use in improving the utilization of dietary urea. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Effect of whole and expanded-expelled cottonseed on milk yield and blood gossypol

JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE, 83(11), 2539–2547.

By: S. Noftsger n, B. Hopkins n, D. Diaz n, C. Brownie n & L. Whitlow n

author keywords: dairy; cottonseed; conjugated linoleic acid; gossypol
MeSH headings : Animal Feed; Animals; Body Weight; Cattle; Cottonseed Oil / administration & dosage; Cottonseed Oil / pharmacokinetics; Cottonseed Oil / pharmacology; Dairying / methods; Energy Intake; Female; Food, Fortified; Gossypol / blood; Lactation; Linoleic Acids / analysis; Lipids / analysis; Milk / chemistry; Milk / drug effects; Milk / metabolism; Silage; Soybeans; Zea mays
TL;DR: In this experiment, multiparous but not primiparous cows fed whole cottonseed produced more milk than those fed expanded-expelled cottonseed at 14 to 28% of the diet dry matter, however, feed efficiencies were similar for all treatments. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Fecal shedding of Salmonella by gilts before and after introduction to a swine breeding farm

Swine Health and Production, 8(1), 25–29.

By: P. Davies, J. Funk & W. Morrow

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 personal communication

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) abnormalities in rhodopsin mutant transgenic swine with retinal degeneration

Huang, Y. J., Cideciyan, A. V., Aleman, T. S., Banin, E., Huang, J. C., Syed, N. A., … Jacobson, S. G. (2000, February).

MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Genetically Modified; Mutation / genetics; Retinal Degeneration / genetics; Rhodopsin / genetics; Swine; Tomography
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

In vivo oxytocin release from microdialyzed bovine corpora lutea during spontaneous and prostaglandin-induced regression

BIOLOGY OF REPRODUCTION, 62(3), 726–730.

By: D. Shaw n & J. Britt n

MeSH headings : Animals; Cattle; Corpus Luteum / drug effects; Corpus Luteum / metabolism; Dinoprost / pharmacology; Female; Microdialysis; Oxytocin / metabolism
TL;DR: Although robust luteal oxytocin release was observed after treatment with a pharmacological dose of PGF2α, the lack of detectable Oxytocin secretion during spontaneous luteolysis suggests that the contribution of luteals in the cow may be less than that proposed for the ewe. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Genetic parameters and trends of milk, fat, days open, and body weight after calving in North Carolina experimental herds

JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE, 83(6), 1364–1370.

author keywords: genetic correlations; genetic trends; selection; heritabilities
MeSH headings : Animals; Body Weight / genetics; Breeding; Cattle / genetics; Cattle / physiology; Female; Lactation / genetics; Lipids / analysis; Male; Milk / chemistry; Models, Animal; North Carolina; Reproduction / genetics
TL;DR: The results of this study suggest that AI organizations may need to include fertility traits in progeny testing and relax the emphasis on increased body weight in AI organizations. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

2000 journal article

Genetic change in milk, fat, days open, and body weight after calving based on three methods of sire selection

JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE, 83(6), 1359–1363.

author keywords: genetic change; index; evaluated sires; young bulls
MeSH headings : Animals; Body Weight / genetics; Breeding; Cattle / genetics; Cattle / physiology; Female; Lactation / genetics; Linear Models; Lipids / analysis; Male; Milk / chemistry; Milk / physiology; Selection, Genetic; Time Factors
TL;DR: Three Holstein lines, were compared, based on different methods of sire selection, for genetic change in 3.7% FCM, fat yield, days open, and predicted body weight after calving. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

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