Works Published in 2020

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Displaying works 161 - 174 of 174 in total

Sorted by most recent date added to the index first, which may not be the same as publication date order.

2020 journal article

Growth performance, oxidative stress and immune status of newly weaned pigs fed peroxidized lipids with or without supplemental vitamin E or polyphenols

JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, 11(1).

By: Y. Silva-Guillen n, C. Arellano n, R. Boyd*, G. Martinez n & E. Heugten

author keywords: Antioxidants; Immune status; Lipid peroxidation; Oxidative stress; Piglets; Polyphenols; Vitamin E
TL;DR: Feeding peroxidized lipids negatively impacted growth performance and antioxidant capacity of nursery pigs, but supplementation of vitamin E and polyphenols improved total antioxidant capacity, especially in pigs fed control diets, but did not restore growth performance. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: April 6, 2020

2020 journal article

Genome-wide association study for carcass quality traits and growth in purebred and crossbred pigs

JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE, 98(1).

By: M. Bergamaschi*, C. Maltecca n, J. Fix*, C. Schwab & F. Tiezzi n

Contributors: M. Bergamaschi*, C. Maltecca n, J. Fix*, C. Schwab & F. Tiezzi n

author keywords: breeding; genetics; heritability; swine
MeSH headings : Animals; Breeding; Female; Genome / genetics; Genome-Wide Association Study / veterinary; Genotype; Male; Phenotype; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics; Red Meat / standards; Swine / genetics; Swine / growth & development; Swine / physiology
TL;DR: Evidence is provided that there are overlapping and non-overlapping regions in the genome influencing carcass quality and growth traits in purebreds and 3-way crossbred pigs. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: March 30, 2020

2020 journal article

GWAS and fine-mapping of livability and six disease traits in Holstein cattle

BMC GENOMICS, 21(1).

author keywords: GWAS; Fine mapping; Health trait; Gene expression; Dairy cattle
MeSH headings : Animals; Cattle; Cattle Diseases / diagnosis; Cattle Diseases / genetics; Chromosome Mapping; Dairying; Genetic Predisposition to Disease; Genome-Wide Association Study; Genomics; Phenotype; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Quantitative Trait Loci; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Transcriptome
TL;DR: The genetic basis of seven health traits in dairy cattle is investigated and potential candidate genes associated with cattle health are identified using genome-wide association studies, fine mapping, and analyses of multitissue transcriptome data. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: March 10, 2020

2020 journal article

Neuronal networks that regulate gonadotropin-releasing hormone/luteinizing hormone secretion during undernutrition: evidence from sheep

Domestic Animal Endocrinology, 3, 106469.

By: C. Merkley n, S. Shuping n & C. Nestor n

author keywords: Undernutrition; GnRH; LH; KNDy; Sheep
MeSH headings : Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone / physiology; Luteinizing Hormone / physiology; Malnutrition / veterinary; Reproduction / physiology; Sheep / physiology
TL;DR: This review summarizes work that has used the ovine model to examine the central mechanisms whereby undernutrition regulates GnRH/LH secretion and focuses on neurons that express kisspeptin, neurokinin B, dynorphin, proopiomelanocortin, and neuropeptide y/agouti-related peptide (NPY/AgRP). (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (OpenAlex)
Source: ORCID
Added: March 10, 2020

2020 journal article

Circadian misalignment imposed by nocturnal feeding tends to increase fat deposition in pigs

BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 123(5), 529–536.

author keywords: Feed intake patterns; Energy metabolism; Heat production; Methane production; Circadian clock
MeSH headings : Adiposity / physiology; Animal Feed; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Circadian Rhythm / physiology; Digestion / physiology; Eating / physiology; Energy Metabolism / physiology; Feeding Behavior / physiology; Male; Swine; Thermogenesis
TL;DR: Circadian misalignment has little effect on nutrient digestion, but alters nutrient partitioning, ultimately increasing fat deposition. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: February 27, 2020

2020 journal article

Effects of Dietary Anaplerotic and Ketogenic Energy Sources on Renal Fatty Acid Oxidation Induced by Clofibrate in Suckling Neonatal Pigs

International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 21(3), 726.

author keywords: Renal fatty acid oxidation; anaplerotic and ketogenic energy; PPAR alpha activation
MeSH headings : Animals; Animals, Newborn; Carnitine / pharmacology; Clofibrate / pharmacology; Diet; Fatty Acids / metabolism; Ketone Bodies / metabolism; Kidney / drug effects; Kidney / metabolism; Lipid Metabolism / drug effects; Lipid Metabolism / physiology; Milk / metabolism; Oxidation-Reduction / drug effects; PPAR alpha / metabolism; Palmitic Acid / metabolism; Swine
TL;DR: Modification of anaplerosis or ketogenesis via dietary substrates had no influence on in vitro renal palmitic acid oxidation induced by PPARα activation. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Sources: ORCID, Crossref
Added: February 4, 2020

2020 journal article

EPA and DHA attenuate deoxynivalenol-induced intestinal porcine epithelial cell injury and protect barrier function integrity by inhibiting necroptosis signaling pathway

FASEB JOURNAL, 34(2), 2483–2496.

author keywords: barrier function; cell injury; deoxynivalenol; necroptosis signaling pathway; n-3 PUFA
MeSH headings : Animals; Docosahexaenoic Acids / pharmacology; Eicosapentaenoic Acid / pharmacology; Epithelial Cells / metabolism; Epithelial Cells / pathology; Intestinal Mucosa / injuries; Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism; Intestinal Mucosa / pathology; Necroptosis / drug effects; Signal Transduction / drug effects; Swine; Trichothecenes / toxicity
TL;DR: It is suggested that EPA and DHA prevent DON‐induced intestinal cell injury and enhance barrier function, which is associated with inhibition of the necroptosis signaling pathway. (via Semantic Scholar)
Sources: Web Of Science, ORCID
Added: January 6, 2020

2020 journal article

Exploration of the effect of farm, breed, sex and animal on detailed mineral profile of beef and their latent explanatory factors

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 55(3), 1046–1056.

By: N. Patel*, M. Bergamaschi n, M. Cagnin* & G. Bittante*

author keywords: Environmental microminerals; essential microminerals; macrominerals; meat; multivariate analysis; sources of variation
TL;DR: Minerals’ major source of variation depends on complex relationships between the animal’s genetics, physiology, farm environment, management and feeding, whose understanding is favoured by latent factor analyses. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: January 6, 2020

2020 journal article

Engineered Cartilage from Human Chondrocytes with Homozygous Knockout of Cell Cycle Inhibitor p21

TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 26(7-8), 441–449.

author keywords: genome editing; CRISPR; regeneration; tissue engineering
MeSH headings : Blotting, Western; Chondrocytes / cytology; Chondrocytes / metabolism; Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats / genetics; Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 / genetics; Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 / metabolism; Gene Editing; Glycosaminoglycans / metabolism; Humans; Immunohistochemistry; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Tissue Engineering / methods
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 9, 2019

2020 journal article

Oesophageal eosinophilia accompanies food allergy to hen egg white protein in young pigs

Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 50(1), 95–104.

By: N. Plundrich n, A. Smith n, L. Borst n, D. Snider n, T. Käser n, E. Dellon*, A. Blikslager n, J. Odle n, M. Lila n, S. Laster

Contributors: N. Plundrich n, A. Smith n, L. Borst n, D. Snider n, T. Käser n, E. Dellon*, A. Blikslager n, J. Odle n, M. Lila n, S. Laster

author keywords: animal model; eosinophil; esophagitis; food allergy; swine
MeSH headings : Animals; CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology; Colon / immunology; Colon / pathology; Diarrhea / physiopathology; Disease Models, Animal; Egg Hypersensitivity / immunology; Egg Hypersensitivity / pathology; Egg Hypersensitivity / physiopathology; Egg Proteins / immunology; Endoscopy, Digestive System; Eosinophilic Esophagitis / immunology; Eosinophilic Esophagitis / pathology; Eosinophils / immunology; Eosinophils / pathology; Esophagus / immunology; Esophagus / pathology; Exanthema / physiopathology; Food Hypersensitivity / pathology; Ileum / immunology; Ileum / pathology; Immunophenotyping; Ovalbumin / immunology; Sus scrofa; Vomiting / physiopathology
TL;DR: Esophagitis with eosinophilia, inflammation, and fibrosis represent a chronic condition in humans with food allergies. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: ORCID, Crossref
Added: November 27, 2019

2020 journal article

Analyses of African elephant ( Loxodonta africana ) diet with various browse and pellet inclusion levels

Zoo Biology, 39(1), 37–50.

author keywords: forages; nutrients; pachyderm; zoo
MeSH headings : Animal Feed / analysis; Animal Husbandry; Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Animals; Animals, Zoo; Diet / veterinary; Elephants / physiology; Female; Male
TL;DR: Seasonal data on the nutrient levels of Southeastern browse species important for various pachyderm and herbivorous species is provided and predicted nutrient intake with new diet scenarios does not support the exclusion of pellets in the diets of African elephants without greater browse quantity availability, strict diet management, or additional supplements. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Sources: Web Of Science, Crossref
Added: November 25, 2019

2020 journal article

Analysis of milk leukocyte differential measures for use in management practices for decreased mastitis incidence

Journal of Dairy Science, 103(1), 572–582.

author keywords: mastitis incidence; mastitis management; milk leukocyte differential
MeSH headings : Animals; Cattle; Dairying / methods; Female; Incidence; Lactation; Leukocyte Count / veterinary; Leukocytes; Lymphocytes; Macrophages; Mastitis, Bovine / epidemiology; Mastitis, Bovine / pathology; Mastitis, Bovine / prevention & control; Milk / cytology; Neutrophils
TL;DR: The results of this study showed that MLD-derived measures justify further study on their use for management practices for mastitis screening and prevention in early lactation. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: ORCID
Added: November 6, 2019

2020 article

Pasture-finished beef production in the south

MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE CATTLE PRODUCTION IN SOUTHERN PASTURES, pp. 265–299.

By: M. Poore n, G. Scaglia*, J. Andrae*, D. Harmon n, J. Rogers n & S. Blacklin n

Source: Web Of Science
Added: October 21, 2019

2020 journal article

The interaction between microbiome and pig efficiency: A review

Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, 137(1), 4–13.

By: C. Maltecca n, M. Bergamaschi n & F. Tiezzi n

Contributors: C. Maltecca n, M. Bergamaschi n & F. Tiezzi n

author keywords: genetic selection; microbiome; swine
MeSH headings : Animals; Genetic Techniques; Meat; Swine / genetics; Swine / growth & development; Swine / metabolism; Swine / microbiology
TL;DR: Characterizing and accounting for temporal and spatial variability will be a necessary step if microbiome is to be utilized routinely as an aid to selection and standard sampling protocols, sequencing techniques, bioinformatic pipelines and methods of analysis will be paramount for the portability of results across experiments and populations. (via Semantic Scholar)
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
Source: ORCID
Added: October 2, 2019

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