2023 journal article
Achievable Rate of Near-Field Communications Based on Physically Consistent Models
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, 22(2), 1266–1280.
This paper introduces a novel information-theoretic approach for studying the effects of mutual coupling (MC), between the transmit and receive antennas, on the overall performance of single-input-single-output (SISO) near-field communications (NFC). By incorporating the finite antenna size constraint using Chu’s theory and under the assumption of canonical-minimum scattering (CMS), we derive the MC between two radiating volumes of fixed sizes. Expressions for the self and mutual impedances are obtained by the use of the reciprocity theorem. Based on a circuit-theoretic two-port model for SISO radio communication systems, we first establish its input-output relationship where the noise depends on the self/mutual impedances of the antennas, unlike the conventional assumption of independent additive white Gaussian noise. We then characterise the achievable data rate for a given pair of transmit and receive antenna sizes, thereby providing an upper bound on the system performance under physical size constraints. Through the lens of these findings, we shed new light on the influence of MC on the information-theoretic limits of near-field communications using compact antennas.