2023 journal article
Remaining useful life prediction of PEMFC based on the multi-input cycle reservoir with jump network
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, 48(34), 12844–12860.
In recent years, fuel cells have attracted more and more attention in the energy field. However, accurate evaluation of durability is one of the key aspects of large-scale commercial application of fuel cells. The data-driven method has good fitting performance for predicting remaining useful life (RUL) at complex and nonlinear systems. In this paper, Cycle Reservoir with Jump with multi-inputs and multi-outputs (MIMO-CRJ) is proposed to further improve the fitting speed and reduce the complexity of the system which improved the structure of echo state network (ESN). Different from the previous method that only uses voltage to predict the voltage, this paper considers stack current, temperature and pressure, reactant flow rate in fuel cell operation as input variables, and extracts more degradation information to predict the voltage trend. Experimental results show that MIMO-CRJ has better performance than Cycle Reservoir with Jump with single -inputs and single-output (SISO-CRJ) and ESN networks under both static and quasi-dynamic current conditions.