2023 journal article
Unpolarized laser method for infrared spectrum calculation of amide I C=O bonds in proteins using molecular dynamics simulation
COMPUTERS IN BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, 159.
The investigation of the strong infrared (IR)-active amide I modes of peptides and proteins has received considerable attention because a wealth of detailed information on hydrogen bonding, dipole-dipole interactions, and the conformations of the peptide backbone can be derived from the amide I bands. The interpretation of experimental spectra typically requires substantial theoretical support, such as direct ab-initio molecular dynamics simulation or mixed quantum-classical description. However, considering the difficulties associated with these theoretical methods and their applications are limited in small peptides, it is highly desirable to develop a simple yet efficient approach for simulating the amide I modes of any large proteins in solution. In this work, we proposed a comprehensive computational method that extends the well-established molecular dynamics (MD) simulation method to include an unpolarized IR laser for exciting the CO bonds of proteins. We showed the amide I frequency corresponding to the frequency of the laser pulse which resonated with the CO bond vibration. At this frequency, the protein energy and the CO bond length fluctuation were maximized. Overall, the amide I bands of various single proteins and amyloids agreed well with experimental data. The method has been implemented into the AMBER simulation package, making it widely available to the scientific community. Additionally, the application of the method to simulate the transient amide I bands of amyloid fibrils during the IR laser-induced disassembly process was discussed in details.