2023 journal article

Case report: Low dose dexmedetomidine infusion for the management of hypoglycemia in a dog with an insulinoma

FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE, 10.

By: R. Green n, S. Musulin n‚ÄČ, A. Baja n & B. Hansen n

author keywords: dexmedetomidine infusion; hypoglycemia; insulinoma; alpha-2 agonists; pancreatic tumor
Source: Web Of Science
Added: May 30, 2023

Objective To describe the use of a low dose dexmedetomidine infusion as preoperative treatment for hypoglycemia secondary to a functional pancreatic tumor in a dog. Case summary An 8.7-year-old castrated male Hungarian Vizsla presented for further evaluation of persistent hypoglycemia after the referring veterinarian established a tentative diagnosis of insulinoma based on paired insulin and glucose measurements. Abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography demonstrated evidence of a pancreatic mass with possible hepatic metastases. Attempts to aspirate the lesions under ultrasound guidance were unsuccessful, and the dog was hospitalized overnight for planned surgical resection of the presumed pancreatic tumor and biopsy of the hepatic lesions the following day. In response to a progressive increase in patient anxiety and agitation trazodone was prescribed ~5 mg/kg orally every 8 h and gabapentin at ~7 mg/kg every 8 h. As the dog continued to remain anxious dexmedetomidine at a dose of 1 mcg/kg was administered intravenously immediately followed with an infusion of dexmedetomidine at 1 mcg/kg/h. The anxious behaviors were successfully controlled with minimal cardiovascular side effects. Serial blood glucose measurements obtained during this time demonstrated euglycemia. The dog remained euglycemic while receiving dexmedetomidine for the remainder of the pre-operative period and for duration of hospitalization following surgical resection and biopsy. New or unique information provided This case report demonstrates a possible role for dexmedetomidine to counteract hypoglycemia in dogs with insulinomas.