2023 article

Spiral-Shape Fast-Moving Soft Robots

Mu, W., Li, M., Chen, E., Yang, Y., Yin, J., Tao, X., … Yin, R. (2023, May 25). ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS.

co-author countries: China 🇨🇳 Hong Kong 🇭🇰 United States of America 🇺🇸
author keywords: fast-moving; PVDFs; soft robots; spiral structures; untethered robots
Source: Web Of Science
Added: June 12, 2023

Abstract Soft robots typically exhibit limited agility due to inherent properties of soft materials. The structural design of soft robots is one of the key elements to improve their mobility. Inspired by the Archimedean spiral geometry in nature, here, a fast‐moving spiral‐shaped soft robot made of a piezoelectric composite with an amorphous piezoelectric vinylidene fluoride film and a layer of copper tape is presented. The soft robot demonstrates a forward locomotion speed of 76 body length per second under the first‐order resonance frequency and a backward locomotion speed of 11.26 body length per second at the third‐order resonance frequency. Moreover, the multitasking capabilities of the soft robot in slope climbing, step jumping, load carrying, and steering are demonstrated. The soft robot can escape from a relatively confined space without external control and human intervention. An untethered robot with a battery and a flexible circuit (a payload of 1.665 g and a total weight of 1.815 g) can move at an absolute speed of 20 mm s −1 (1 body length per second). This study opens a new generic design paradigm for next‐generation fast‐moving soft robots that are applicable for multifunctionality at small scales.