2023 journal article
On the design of stable, consistent, and conservative high-order methods for multi-material hydrodynamics
JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS, 490.
Obtaining stable and high-order numerical solutions for multi-material hydrodynamics is an open challenge. Although slope limiters are widely used to maintain monotonicity near discontinuities, typical limiting procedures violate closure laws at the discrete level when applied to multi-material hydrodynamics equations. Due to this, the high-order expansions of quantities related by the closure laws are no longer consistent. The commonly observed symptom of this consistency-violation is that the numerical method fails to maintain constant pressure and velocity across material interfaces. This leads to sub-optimal convergence rates for smooth multi-material problems as well. Specialized limiting procedures that satisfy consistency while maintaining conservation need to be developed for such equations. A novel procedure that re-instates consistency into slope-limited high-order discretizations applied to the multi-material hydrodynamics equations is presented here. Using simple examples, it is demonstrated that the presented method satisfies closure laws at the discrete level, while maintaining conservative properties of the high-order method. Furthermore, this procedure involves a projection step which relies on the compact basis of the underlying spatial discretization, i.e. for discontinuous schemes (viz. DG and FV) the projection is local, and does not involve global matrix solves. Comparisons with conventional approaches emphasizes the necessity of the consistent closure-law preserving limiting approach, in order to maintain design order of accuracy for smooth multi-material problems.