2023 article

Extent of interlocking and metallurgical bonding in friction riveting of aluminum alloy to steel

Srivastava, A., Das, H., Tamayo, D. R., Li, L., Pole, M., Gwalani, B., … Reza-E-Rabby, M. (2023, August 10). INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY.

author keywords: Friction riveting (fric-riveting); AA6061 aluminum alloys; DP590 steel; Finite element modeling
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 28, 2023

In this study, the joining of 6061-T6 aluminum alloy and DP590 steel using a M42 steel rivet via friction riveting technique is investigated. The surface morphology and microstructure characterization reveal the formation of an anchor zone that imparts mechanical interlock as well as the formation of metallurgical bonds at the interface of aluminum and steel. A combination of interlocking and bonding results in the achievement of a high load-carrying capacity of 5.7 kN during lap shear testing at room temperature. A finite element-based computational model was developed which accurately predicted the lap shear response of the joint. The model revealed that the metallurgical bond formed during fric-riveting adds 39% peak load strength to the joint. An extensive microstructural investigation, post-lap-shear fractography, and the modeling results, together provided insights on the joint failure mechanism. This study highlights that friction riveting is a promising method for aluminum-to-steel dissimilar joining, which is important for lighweighing automotive vehicles for energy efficiency.