2023 article

Enhanced Triboelectric Charge Stability by Air-Stable Radicals

Im, S., Frey, E., Lacks, D. J., Genzer, J., & Dickey, M. D. (2023, September 7). ADVANCED SCIENCE.

By: S. Im n, E. Frey n, D. Lacks *, J. Genzer n  & M. Dickey n 

co-author countries: United States of America πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ
author keywords: air-stable radicals; charge retention; kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM); self-assembled monolayer (SAM); triboelectric charge
Source: Web Of Science
Added: September 18, 2023

This paper demonstrates that air-stable radicals enhance the stability of triboelectric charge on surfaces. While charge on surfaces is often undesirable (e.g., static discharge), improved charge retention can benefit specific applications such as air filtration. Here, it is shown that self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) containing air-stable radicals, 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-yl)oxidanyl (TEMPO), hold the charge longer than those without TEMPO. Charging and retention are monitored by Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy (KPFM) as a function of time. Without the radicals on the surface, charge retention increases with the water contact angle (hydrophobicity), consistent with the understanding that surface water molecules can accelerate charge dissipation. Yet, the most prolonged charge retention is observed in surfaces treated with TEMPO, which are more hydrophilic than untreated control surfaces. The charge retention decreases with reducing radical density by etching the TEMPO-silane with tetrabutylammonium fluoride (TBAF) or scavenging the radicals with ascorbic acid. These results suggest a pathway toward increasing the lifetime of triboelectric charges, which may enhance air filtration, improve tribocharging for patterning charges on surfaces, or boost triboelectric energy harvesting.