2023 article

Effect of mitochondrial circulation on mitochondrial age density distribution

Kuznetsov, I. A., & Kuznetsov, A. V. (2023, September 9). *INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING*.

author keywords: age density distribution; axonal transport; mathematical modeling; mean age; neurons

TL;DR:
A model that simulates mitochondria distribution when a portion of mitochondria that return to the soma are redirected back to the axon rather than being destroyed in somatic lysosomes suggests that some injured neurons may be saved if the percentage of stationary mitochondria is decreased.
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Source: Web Of Science

Added: October 10, 2023

AbstractRecent publications report that although the mitochondria population in an axon can be quickly replaced by a combination of retrograde and anterograde axonal transport (often within less than 24 hours), the axon contains much older mitochondria. This suggests that not all mitochondria that reach the soma are degraded and that some are recirculating back into the axon. To explain this, we developed a model that simulates mitochondria distribution when a portion of mitochondria that return to the soma are redirected back to the axon rather than being destroyed in somatic lysosomes. Utilizing the developed model, we studied how the percentage of returning mitochondria affects the mean age and age density distributions of mitochondria at different distances from the soma. We also investigated whether turning off the mitochondrial anchoring switch can reduce the mean age of mitochondria. For this purpose, we studied the effect of reducing the value of a parameter that characterizes the probability of mitochondria transition to the stationary (anchored) state. The reduction in mitochondria mean age observed when the anchoring probability is reduced suggests that some injured neurons may be saved if the percentage of stationary mitochondria is decreased. The replacement of possibly damaged stationary mitochondria with newly synthesized ones may restore the energy supply in an injured axon. We also performed a sensitivity study of the mean age of stationary mitochondria to the parameter that determines what portion of mitochondria re‐enter the axon and the parameter that determines the probability of mitochondria transition to the stationary state. The sensitivity of the mean age of stationary mitochondria to the mitochondria stopping probability increases linearly with the number of compartments in the axon. High stopping probability in long axons can significantly increase mitochondrial age.