Energy field assisted metal forming: Current status, challenges and prospects
[Review of ]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MACHINE TOOLS & MANUFACTURE, 192.
To meet the various and critical manufacturing requirements including high precision, low cost, good manufacturability, and more demanding from product service and performance aspects such as high performance, light-weight, less energy consumption and low carbon emissions in today's era of rapid product development with short product life circle, it is crucial to re-innovate and re-invigorate metal forming technologies and enable it to play an even more important role in manufacturing arena. Historically, introducing new kinds of energy fields into the forming process drives the innovative advance and rejuvenating of forming technologies due to the physically interactive mechanisms of energy field and certain material deformation behaviors such as thermal-mechanical coupling effects. In this paper, a classification of energy-aided metal forming processes is orchestrated and presented, and three kinds of energy-assisted metal forming technologies, viz., electrically-assisted forming, ultrasonic vibration assisted forming, and electromagnetic field supported forming, are reviewed and delineated as they are currently receiving a widespread attention with promising application potentials. In this paper, the physical essence and the effects of these introduced energy fields on deformation behavior, process performance, microstructure evolution are elucidated and analyzed. The constitutive modeling of these forming processes is recapitulated, and the newly established energy field assisted metal forming technologies are exemplified and discussed. Based on the advantages and limitations of these unique metal forming processes assisted by additional energy fields, the process capacity and application potentials are unraveled and examined. Finally, from the aspects of exploring physical mechanisms, establishing high-fidelity models, coupling the multiple energy fields, and developing intelligent equipment and realizing these forming processes, the current challenges and future prospects were discussed, summarized and articulated in such a way to present a panorama of the research, development and application of the energy-assisted forming technologies.