2023 journal article

Development and application of an interactive generic physiologically based pharmacokinetic (igPBPK) model for adult beef cattle and lactating dairy cows to estimate tissue distribution and edible tissue and milk withdrawal intervals for per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS)


co-author countries: United States of America 🇺🇸
author keywords: Per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS); Chemical residue; Interactive generic physiologically based pharmacokinetic (igPBPK) modeling; Withdrawal interval; Food safety; Risk assessment
Source: Web Of Science
Added: November 20, 2023

Humans can be exposed to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) through dietary intake from milk and edible tissues from food animals. This study developed a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model to predict tissue and milk residues and estimate withdrawal intervals (WDIs) for multiple PFAS including PFOA, PFOS and PFHxS in beef cattle and lactating dairy cows. Results showed that model predictions were mostly within a two-fold factor of experimental data for plasma, tissues, and milk with an estimated coefficient of determination (R2) of >0.95. The predicted muscle WDIs for beef cattle were <1 day for PFOA, 449 days for PFOS, and 69 days for PFHxS, while the predicted milk WDIs in dairy cows were <1 day for PFOA, 1345 days for PFOS, and zero day for PFHxS following a high environmental exposure scenario (e.g., 49.3, 193, and 161 ng/kg/day for PFOA, PFOS, and PFHxS, respectively, for beef cattle for 2 years). The model was converted to a web-based interactive generic PBPK (igPBPK) platform to provide a user-friendly dashboard for predictions of tissue and milk WDIs for PFAS in cattle. This model serves as a foundation for extrapolation to other PFAS compounds to improve safety assessment of cattle-derived food products.