2024 journal article

Specific Inhibition of Orai1-mediated Calcium Signalling Resolves Inflammation and Clears Bacteria in an Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Model


By: S. Ahmad, J. Wrennall, A. Goriounova, M. Sekhri, J. Iskarpatyoti, A. Ghosh, S. Abdelwahab, A. Voeller ...

author keywords: peptide; ICRAC; ARDS; pneumonia; neutrophilia
Source: Web Of Science
Added: May 20, 2024

Rationale: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has an unacceptably high mortality rate (35%) and is without effective therapy. Orai1 is a Ca2+ channel involved in store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE), a process that exquisitely regulates inflammation. Orai1 is considered a druggable target, but no Orai1-specific inhibitors exist to date. Objectives: To evaluate whether ELD607, a first-in-class Orai1 antagonist, can treat ARDS caused by bacterial pneumonia in preclinical models. Methods: ELD607 pharmacology was evaluated in HEK293T cells and freshly isolated immune cells from patients with ARDS. A murine acute lung injury model caused by bacterial pneumonia was then used: mice were infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant S. aureus, or multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa and then treated with ELD607 intranasally. Measurements and Main Results: ELD607 specifically inhibited SOCE in HEK293T cells with a half-maximal inhibitory concentration of 9 nM. ELD607 was stable in ARDS airway secretions and inhibited SOCE in ARDS immune cells. In vivo, inhaled ELD607 significantly reduced neutrophilia and improved survival. Surprisingly, Orai1 inhibition by ELD607 caused a significant reduction in lung bacteria, including methicillin-resistant S. aureus. ELD607 worked as an immunomodulator that reduced cytokine levels, reduced neutrophilia, and promoted macrophage-mediated resolution of inflammation and clearance of bacteria. Indeed, when alveolar macrophages were depleted with inhaled clodronate, ELD607 was no longer able to resolve inflammation or clear bacteria. Conclusions: These data indicate that specific Orai1 inhibition by ELD607 may be a novel approach to reduce multiorgan inflammation and treat antibiotic-resistant bacteria.