2004 journal article

Electronic nose analysis of tilapia storage

Transactions of the ASAE, 47(1), 135–140.

By: T. Dodd, S. Hale & S. Blanchard*

Source: NC State University Libraries
Added: August 6, 2018

An electronic nose (e-nose), containing 16 tin metal oxide sensors with various sensitivities, was used to classifydecay times in an 18 h accelerated decay study of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Data collected were split into three 6 hbase classes for training. Principal component analysis was tested for feature extraction to be used in classification but wasfound to be inadequate. Linear discriminate analysis was also used and found adequate for feature extraction. Both leastsquares and K-nearest neighbor classifiers were explored. Least squares and K-nearest neighbor produced classificationrates of 86.4% and 87.0%, respectively. Data combing techniques were used to increase classification rates from 87.0% to97.8% for K-nearest neighbor. Optimum classification performance was achieved with classes corresponding to 0-1.9 h,6-7.9 h, and 12-13.9 h. The dataset was also classified into six 3 h classes. Data classifications for the 3 h classes followedtrends expected for decaying freshwater fish. Data combing was again employed to increase the classification that waspossible. A final classification was achieved of 78.8% for least squares and 83.8% for K-nearest neighbor.