2020 article

On a measurement approach to support evaluation of thermal scattering law data

Hawari, A. I. (2020, January). ANNALS OF NUCLEAR ENERGY, Vol. 135.

By: A. Hawari n

author keywords: Neutron; Thermal scattering law; Cross section; Measurement; ENDF
Source: Web Of Science
Added: December 9, 2019

Inelastic thermal neutron scattering in materials that act as neutron moderators, reflectors, and filters results in shaping the neutron spectrum at low energies. This phenomenon is described using differential scattering cross sections calculated from three components including the bound atom (i.e., nuclear) scattering cross section of the neutron, the ratio of the outgoing and incoming neutron energy, and the thermal scattering law (TSL), i.e., S(α,β), where α and β represent dimensionless momentum and energy exchange variables, respectively. To date, no TSL libraries are generated using measured data. However, valuable information may be derived from measurements and “targeted” experiments that can validate TSL data and the related inelastic scattering cross sections. As a demonstration, a suite of coordinated measurements and experiments is described that was designed and used to support the evaluation of the TSL for “nuclear” graphite. This experimental suite includes neutron powder diffraction (for structure analysis), positron annihilation (for nano porosity assessment), inelastic neutron scattering measurements using a chopper spectrometer, transmission experiments using neutrons with energy below the Bragg cutoff thereby accessing the total (inelastic) cross section, and a slowing-down-time experiment to observe the developing neutron spectrum in the material. This experimental suite was key to understanding the difference in TSL between “nuclear” and “ideal” graphite and for the inclusion of “nuclear” graphite in the ENDF/B-VIII.0 nuclear data library release.