2013 journal article

Homogeneous Nuclear Background for Mitochondrial Cline in Northern Range of Notochthamalus scabrosus

G3: Genes|Genomes|Genetics, 4(2), 225–230.

By: C. Zakas*, K. Jones* & J. Wares*

author keywords: RAD-seq; SNP; cytonuclear disequilibrium; barnacle; Chile
MeSH headings : Animals; Genome, Mitochondrial; Linkage Disequilibrium; Phylogeography; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Thoracica / genetics
Source: Crossref
Added: January 5, 2020

Abstract A mitochondrial cline along the Chilean coast in the barnacle Notochthamalus scabrosus suggests a species history of transient allopatry and secondary contact. However, previous studies of nuclear sequence divergence suggested population genetic homogeneity across northern and central Chile. Here, we collect single-nucleotide polymorphism data from pooled population samples sequenced with restriction site−associated DNA sequencing procedures, confirm these data with the use of a GoldenGate array, and identify a discordance between population genetic patterns in the nuclear and mitochondrial genomes. This discordance was noted in previous work on this species, but here it is confirmed that the nuclear genome exhibits only slight phylogeographic variation across 3000 km of coastline, in the presence of a strong and statistically significant mitochondrial cline. There are nevertheless markers (approximately 5% of nuclear single-nucleotide polymorphisms) exhibiting cytonuclear disequilibrium relative to mitotype. Although these data confirm our previous explorations of this species, it is likely that some of the nuclear genomic diversity of this species has yet to be explored, as comparison with other barnacle phylogeography studies suggest that a divergence of similar magnitude should be found in the nuclear genome somewhere else in the species range.