2011 journal article

Inhibition of H1N1 influenza A virus growth and induction of inflammatory mediators by the isoquinoline alkaloid berberine and extracts of goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis)

International Immunopharmacology, 11(11), 1706–1714.

By: C. Cecil n, J. Davis n , N. Cech * & S. Laster n

co-author countries: United States of America πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ
author keywords: Goldenseal; Berberine; Cytokines; Lipid mediators; H1N1 influenza A; Anti-viral
MeSH headings : Animals; Antiviral Agents / chemistry; Antiviral Agents / isolation & purification; Antiviral Agents / pharmacology; Berberine / chemistry; Berberine / pharmacology; Cell Culture Techniques; Cell Line; Cell Survival / drug effects; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay; Humans; Hydrastis / chemistry; Immunoblotting; Immunologic Factors / antagonists & inhibitors; Immunologic Factors / biosynthesis; Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype / drug effects; Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype / growth & development; Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype / metabolism; Macrophages / drug effects; Macrophages / virology; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Microscopy, Fluorescence; Plant Extracts / chemistry; Plant Extracts / isolation & purification; Plant Extracts / pharmacology; Viral Proteins / biosynthesis
Source: Crossref
Added: February 12, 2020

In this study we tested whether the isoquinoline alkaloid berberine can inhibit the growth of influenza A. Our experiments showed strong inhibition of the growth of H1N1 influenza A strains PR/8/34 or WS/33 in RAW 264.7 macrophage-like cells, A549 human lung epithelial-derived cells and murine bone marrow derived macrophages, but not MDCK canine kidney cells. Studies of the mechanism underlying this effect suggest that berberine acts post-translationally to inhibit virus protein trafficking/maturation which in turn inhibits virus growth. Berberine was also evaluated for its ability to inhibit production of TNF-Ξ± and PGE(2) from A/PR/8/34 infected-RAW 264.7 cells. Our studies revealed strong inhibition of production of both mediators and suggest that this effect is distinct from the anti-viral effect. Finally, we asked whether berberine-containing ethanol extracts of goldenseal also inhibit the growth of influenza A and production of inflammatory mediators. We found strong effectiveness at high concentrations, although upon dilution extracts were somewhat less effective than purified berberine. Taken together, our results suggest that berberine may indeed be useful for the treatment of infections with influenza A.