2013 conference paper
Leak Detection in Water Distribution Systems Using the Dividing Rectangles (DIRECT) Search
World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2013. Presented at the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2013.
Event: World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2013
Leak detection and management is an important problem in water distribution systems because it has been documented that up to 40% of the water may be lost to leaks in many aging systems. Small gradual leaks, which represent more than half of all leaks, are difficult to locate. Routinely measured pressure, flow, and water quality data in combination with a simulation-optimization inverse modeling approach could be used to characterize leakage. In this approach, the leak locations are found by minimizing the difference between real and simulated measurements for a known sensor configuration. Simulation-optimization approaches are computationally demanding because millions of simulations of a network simulator (e.g., EPANET) may be required to achieve a satisfactory solution. This problem is alleviated using a high-performance computing (HPC) framework that enables many parallel simulations of the water system using EPANET. This research is modifying an existing global search algorithm, called the Dividing Rectangles (DIRECT) Search that is traditionally used for continuous functions to enable parallel simulations and a mix of discrete variables (for leak locations) and continuous variables (for leak magnitudes). The modified algorithm is being tested with traditional continuous test functions, discrete test functions, and test water distribution networks.