2020 journal article

Identification, Genome Sizes, and Ploidy of Deutzia


By: W. Hembree, T. Ranney*, N. Lynch* & B. Jackson*

author keywords: cytogenetics; cytology; DNA content; flow cytometry; Hydrangeaceae; plant breeding; polyploidy; taxonomy
Source: Web Of Science
Added: March 23, 2020

The genus Deutzia, in the Hydrangeaceae family, includes ≈60 species that range in ploidy from diploid (2 x ) to tetradecaploid (14 x ). There have been extensive breeding efforts for Deutzia, but this has been limited to a few parental species. Although there have been numerous studies of the cytogenetics of some species of Deutzia , the ploidy level of many species remains unknown, and there are few cytogenetic data available for Deutzia hybrids and cultivars. The purpose of this study was to validate the identification and determine the genome sizes and ploidy of a diverse collection of Deutzia species and hybrids using cytology and flow cytometry. Accessions were identified using the most current taxonomic key and voucher specimens were deposited for each at the North Carolina State University herbarium. Corrected and updated species names are provided for all cultivars and accessions studied. Traditional cytology was performed for roots of representative taxa to calibrate the genome size with the ploidy level. The genome size and estimated ploidy were determined for 43 accessions using flow cytometry. Ploidy levels were reported for the first time for three species of Deutzia including D. calycosa (2 n = 4 x = 52), D. paniculata (2 n = 4 x = 52), and D. glauca (2 n = 12 x = 156). The base and monoploid genome size (1C x ) were somewhat variable and ranged from 1.20 to 2.05 pg. No anisoploid hybrids were documented, suggesting the presence of an interploid block. The information produced from this study are beneficial to future curation, research, development, and improvement of this genus with corrected nomenclature and clone-specific data regarding cytogenetics.