2020 journal article
Highly efficient conversion of Kraft lignin into liquid fuels with a Co-Zn-beta zeolite catalyst
APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL, 268.
Abstract Kraft lignin depolymerization to liquid fuels with high yields is crucial to the comprehensive achievement of sustainable and economic feasibility. Herein, we prepared a bimetallic Co-Zn/Off-Al H-beta catalyst through a two-step post synthesis method composed of dealumination and metal incorporation. The bifunctional Co-Zn/Off-Al H-beta catalyst efficiently converted Kraft lignin to liquid fuels, which was attributable to the synergistic effect of Co hydrogen binding sites and Zn Lewis acid sites on H-beta support. Catalytic hydrogenation with Co:Zn = 1:3/Off-Al H-beta catalyst at 320 °C for 24 h gave the highest yield of petroleum ether soluble product (81%, mainly monomers and dimers). Under these conditions, the liquefied lignin gave a higher heating value of 33.3 MJ/kg, which is a significant increase from 26.0 MJ/kg of Kraft lignin. The catalyst stability test showed excellent recyclability. This work provides a paradigm of improving lignin depolymerization efficiency via the combined use of Lewis acid and hydrogenation catalyst.