2020 journal article

Use of unconventional mixed Acetone-Butanol-Ethanol solvents for anthocyanin extraction from Purple-Fleshed sweetpotatoes

Food Chemistry, 314.

author keywords: Ipomoea batatas; Anthocyanidins; Phenolics; Cyanidin; Peonidin; Temperature; Flour
MeSH headings : Acetone / chemistry; Anthocyanins / analysis; Anthocyanins / chemistry; Anthocyanins / isolation & purification; Butanols / chemistry; Chemical Fractionation / methods; Ethanol / chemistry; Ipomoea batatas / chemistry; Phenols / isolation & purification; Plant Extracts / chemistry; Solvents / chemistry
Source: ORCID
Added: May 4, 2020

Anthocyanins from purple-fleshed sweetpotatoes constitute highly valued natural colorants and functional ingredients. In the past, anthocyanin extraction conditions and efficiencies using a single acidified solvent have been assessed. However, the potential of solvent mixes that can be generated by fermentation of biomass-derived sugars have not been explored. In this study, the effects of single and mixed solvent, time, temperature, sweetpotato genotype and preparation, on anthocyanin and phenolic extraction were evaluated. Results indicated that unconventional diluted solvent mixes containing acetone, butanol, and ethanol were superior or equally efficient for extracting anthocyanins when compared to commonly used concentrated extractants. In addition, analysis of anthocyanidins concentrations including cyanidin (cy), peonidin (pe), and pelargonidin (pl), indicated that different ratios of pn/cy were obtained depending on the solvent used. These results could be useful when selecting processing conditions that better suit particular end-use applications and more environmentally friendly process development for purple sweetpotatoes.