2020 journal article

International lineages of Salmonella enterica serovars isolated from chicken farms, Wakiso District, Uganda

PLOS ONE, 15(1).

By: T. Ball n, D. Monte*, A. Aidara-Kane*, J. Matheu*, H. Ru n, S. Thakur n, F. Ejobi*, P. Fedorka-Cray n

co-author countries: Brazil 🇧🇷 Switzerland 🇨🇭 Uganda 🇺🇬 United States of America 🇺🇸
MeSH headings : Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents / classification; Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology; Chickens / microbiology; Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial / genetics; Farms; Genes, Bacterial; Humans; Immunologic Surveillance; Plasmids / chemistry; Plasmids / metabolism; Poultry Diseases / epidemiology; Poultry Diseases / microbiology; Poultry Diseases / transmission; Prevalence; Replicon; Salmonella Infections / epidemiology; Salmonella Infections / microbiology; Salmonella Infections / transmission; Salmonella enterica / drug effects; Salmonella enterica / genetics; Salmonella enterica / isolation & purification; Seasons; Uganda / epidemiology; Whole Genome Sequencing
Source: Web Of Science
Added: June 15, 2020

The growing occurrence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Salmonella enterica in poultry has been reported with public health concern worldwide. We reported, recently, the occurrence of Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica serovars carrying clinically relevant resistance genes in dairy cattle farms in the Wakiso District, Uganda, highlighting an urgent need to monitor food-producing animal environments. Here, we present the prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, and sequence type of 51 Salmonella isolates recovered from 379 environmental samples from chicken farms in Uganda. Among the Salmonella isolates, 32/51 (62.7%) were resistant to at least one antimicrobial, and 10/51 (19.6%) displayed multiple drug resistance. Through PCR, five replicon plasmids were identified among chicken Salmonella isolates including IncFIIS 17/51 (33.3%), IncI1α 12/51 (23.5%), IncP 8/51 (15.7%), IncX1 8/51 (15.7%), and IncX2 1/51 (2.0%). In addition, we identified two additional replicons through WGS (Whole Genome Sequencing; ColpVC and IncFIB). A significant seasonal difference between chicken sampling periods was observed (p = 0.0017). We conclude that MDR Salmonella highlights the risks posed to animals and humans. Implementing a robust, integrated surveillance system will aid in monitoring MDR zoonotic threats.