2021 journal article

Glaucoma-associated pain results in mechanical sensitivity changes in dogs: A pilot study


By: A. Zibura n, J. Salmon n, B. Lopez n, B. Lascelles n & H. Westermeyer n

co-author countries: United States of America 🇺🇸
author keywords: canine; central sensitization; chronic glaucoma; corneal esthesiometry; ocular pain; quantitative sensory testing
MeSH headings : Animals; Chronic Disease / veterinary; Dog Diseases / physiopathology; Dog Diseases / surgery; Dogs; Eye Enucleation / veterinary; Female; Glaucoma / complications; Glaucoma / surgery; Glaucoma / veterinary; Male; Pain / etiology; Pain / veterinary; Pain Measurement / veterinary; Pain Threshold; Physical Stimulation; Pilot Projects; Prospective Studies; Sensory Thresholds
Source: Web Of Science
Added: July 27, 2020

Abstract Purpose To explore the effects of chronic, uncontrolled glaucoma on pressure sensitivity in dogs before and after enucleation of the painful globe. Methods Client‐owned dogs undergoing enucleation for chronic glaucoma with no other sources of pain were enrolled. Normal dogs of similar breeds and skull morphology were enrolled as controls. Craniofacial ratio (CFR) and relative palpebral fissure width (RPFW) were assessed in all patients. Serial mechanical quantitative sensory testing (QST) was performed the day before surgery, and 14, 30, 60, and 120 days after surgery. QST consisted of electronic Von Frey (eVF), and blunt algometry (BA) performed above and below the nonglaucomatous eye, the metacarpus, and metatarsus. Cochet‐Bonnet esthesiometry (CB) was also performed on the remaining eye. Results Twelve dogs (6 per group) were included. Compared to baseline values, sensitivity tended to decrease over time (increased thresholds) in treatment dogs while it stayed constant or increased slightly in control dogs. The difference in change from baseline sensitivity between control and treatment groups was significant at day 120 using BA at supraorbital ( P = .0153), infraorbital ( P = .0209), and metacarpal sites ( P = .007) and overall ( P = .0470). This divergence was also significant using CB ( P = .0470) on the opposite cornea. As patient CFR and RPFWV increased, both eVF ( P = .005‐.023) and BA ( P = .004‐.041) increased. Conclusions Sensitivity to mechanical stimuli decreased both locally and at remote sites in dogs following enucleation for painful chronic glaucoma. Cranial conformation is associated with differences in sensitivity.