2020 journal article

Lily steroidal glycoalkaloid promotes early inflammatory resolution in wounded human fibroblasts

Journal of Ethnopharmacology.

Debora Esposito

author keywords: Steroidal glycoalkaloid; Lilium longiflorum Thunb.; Scratch migration assay; Gene expression; Easter lily; Human dermal fibroblast cells
MeSH headings : Alkaloids / isolation & purification; Alkaloids / pharmacology; Cell Movement / drug effects; Cells, Cultured; Chromatography, Liquid; Fibroblasts / drug effects; Fibroblasts / pathology; Flowers; Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects; Glycosides / isolation & purification; Glycosides / pharmacology; Humans; Inflammation / drug therapy; Inflammation / pathology; Lilium / chemistry; Plant Roots; Wound Healing / drug effects
Source: ORCID
Added: August 4, 2020

The bulbs and flowers of plants from the Lilium genus have historically been used in Asian and Greco-Roman medicine to treat burns and promote skin healing. To evaluate a steroidal glycoalkaloid isolated from Easter lily bulbs for its potential wound healing promoting properties. A lily-derived steroidal glycoalkaloid (LSGA), (22R, 25R)-spirosol-5-en-3β-yl O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucopyranoside, was isolated from Easter lily bulbs, and its structure was confirmed by LC-MS and NMR spectrometry. LSGA effects on wound scratch closure were evaluated in a primary human dermal fibroblast cell culture, and the changes in gene expression profiles were quantitated using an 84 wound-related gene qPCR microarray. LSGA promoted migration of dermal fibroblasts into the wounded area. The treatment was associated with a rapid upregulation of early inflammatory (CD40LG, CXCL11, IFNG, IL10, IL2 and IL4), cell growth (CSF3 and TNF) and remodeling (CTSG, F13A1, FGA, MMP and PLG) genes both in the wounded and unwounded cells treated with LSGA. A selective decrease in gene expression profiles associated with inflammatory (CXCL2 and CCL7) and remodeling (MMP7 and PLAT) phases was observed in wounded cells treated with LSGA, in contrast to the wounded cells (control). This study demonstrates that a glycoalkaloid present in lilies promoted fibroblast migration in vitro and affected inflammatory, remodeling and growth factor gene expression. The decreases in expression of key genes may impact the wound healing process, possibly contributing to an earlier end of the inflammatory response and shortening the early phases of model tissue reconstitution. The results of this preliminary investigation may provide a basis for the historical use of lily bulbs to promote dermal healing after injury.