2010 journal article

Behavior of instrumented prestressed high performance concrete bridge girders


By: H. Dwairi*, M. Wagner, M. Kowalsky n & P. Zia n

author keywords: High performance concrete; Prestressed concrete; Bridges; Instrumentation and monitoring; Load testing
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

A comprehensive monitoring of the behavior of four prestressed high performance concrete (HPC) bridge girders, with higher compressive strength, during construction and while in-service, is presented. The monitoring program covered instrumentation and monitoring of a series of four girders during the casting operation, after construction, under the effects of traffic and thermal loads, as well as under controlled load conditions. Information regarding transfer length, prestress loss, heat of hydration, compressive strength, modulus of elasticity (MOE), modulus of rupture (MOR), creep, shrinkage, coefficient of thermal expansion, and chloride permeability of the concrete used is obtained and presented. Furthermore, the in-service monitoring and controlled load tests and details regarding thermal expansion, bridge stiffness, and load distribution factors are also presented. This paper provides details of testing of the concrete properties and field instrumentation of the bridge girders as well as a discussion of service level monitoring and controlled load testing. Comparisons are made between experimental and theoretical results.