2020 journal article

Leaf gas exchange recovery of soybean from water-deficit stress


author keywords: Fraction transpirable oil water (FTSW); gas exchange; photosynthesis; transpiration; vapor pressure deficit (VPD); water-deficit stress
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
2. Zero Hunger (Web of Science)
13. Climate Action (Web of Science)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: November 30, 2020

ABSTRACT As the risk of drought attributable to climate change increases, the development of high-yielding, drought-adapted cultivars will be critical for minimizing yield losses in crops like soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). In this study, the ability of soybean genotypes to recover transpiration and leaf gas exchange capacity following re-watering from soil drying was investigated. The plants were subjected to controlled water-deficit stress and recovery in growth-chamber experiments. Transpiration was measured on five soybean genotypes and photosynthesis rates on two select genotypes. After water re-supply, transpiration was initially low but increased until a stable rate was reached on day 3, to about 50% to 100% of the rates of reference plants that had not been stressed. The largest difference in maximum transpiration recovery was between the varieties USDA-N8002 and Benning compared to the landrace Geden Shirazu, with Geden Shirazu having the lowest recovery. Photosynthesis and vapor-pressure-deficit response measurements did not show that restricted plant stomatal conductance was responsible for the limitation observed in Geden Shirazu recovery. Since all genotypes showed rapid recovery from water-deficit stress in 3 d, more rapid recovery was not indicated as a major candidate for improving soybean drought tolerance. However, the extent of recovery varied among genotypes and those genotypes that fully recovered to rates of well-watered plants such as Benning and USDA-N8002 would seemingly be advantageous for drought conditions.