2021 journal article
Diet-induced obesity in genetically diverse collaborative cross mouse founder strains reveals diverse phenotype response and amelioration by quercetin treatment in 129S1/SvImJ, PWK/EiJ, CAST/PhJ, and WSB/EiJ mice
JOURNAL OF NUTRITIONAL BIOCHEMISTRY, 87.
Abstract Significant evidence suggests protective effects of flavonoids against obesity in animal models, but these often do not translate to humans. One explanation for this disconnect is use of a few mouse strains (notably C57BL/6 J) in obesity studies. Obesity is a multifactorial disease. The underlying causes are not fully replicated by the high-fat C57BL/6 J model, despite phenotypic similarities. Furthermore, the impact of genetic factors on the activities of flavonoids is unknown. This study was designed to explore how diverse mouse strains respond to diet-induced obesity when fed a representative flavonoid. A subset of Collaborative Cross founder strains (males and females) were placed on dietary treatments (low-fat, high-fat, high-fat with quercetin, high-fat with quercetin and antibiotics) longitudinally. Diverse responses were observed across strains and sexes. Quercetin appeared to moderately blunt weight gain in male C57 and both sexes of 129S1/SvImJ mice, and slightly increased weight gain in female C57 mice. Surprisingly, quercetin dramatically blunted weight gain in male, but not female, PWK/PhJ mice. For female mice, quercetin blunted weight gain (relative to the high-fat phase) in CAST/PhJ, PWK/EiJ and WSB/EiJ mice compared to C57. Antibiotics did not generally result in loss of protective effects of quercetin. This highlights complex interactions between genetic factors, sex, obesity stimuli, and flavonoid intake, and the need to move away from single inbred mouse models to enhance translatability to diverse humans. These data justify use of genetically diverse Collaborative Cross and Diversity Outbred models which are emerging as invaluable tools in the field of personalized nutrition.