2020 journal article

Tropical Cyclone Wind Speed Retrieval from Dual-Polarization Sentinel-1 EW Mode Products

JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC TECHNOLOGY, 37(9), 1713–1724.

co-author countries: China 🇨🇳 United States of America 🇺🇸
Source: Web Of Science
Added: February 22, 2021

Abstract Recent studies indicate that the cross-polarization synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images have the ability of retrieving high wind speed on ocean surface without wind direction input. This study presents a new approach for tropical cyclone (TC) wind speed retrieval utilizing thermal-noise-removed Sentinel-1 dual-polarization (VV + VH) Extra-Wide Swath (EW) Mode products. Based on 20 images of 9 TCs observed in the 2016 and 2018 and SAR-collocated European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) fifth-generation reanalysis (ERA5) data and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Hurricane Research Division’s (HRD) Real-time Hurricane Wind Analysis System (H*Wind) data, a subswath-based geophysical model function (GMF) Sentinel-1 EW Mode Wind Speed Retrieval Model after Noise Removal (S1EW.NR) is developed and validated statistically. TC wind speed is retrieved by using the proposed GMF and the C-band model 5.N (CMOD5.N). The results show that the wind speeds retrieved by the S1EW.NR model are in good agreement with wind references up to 31 m s −1 . The correlation coefficient, bias, and standard deviation between the retrieval results and reference wind speeds are 0.74, −0.11, and 3.54 m s −1 , respectively. Comparison of the wind speeds retrieved from both channels suggests that the cross-polarized signal is more suitable for high–wind speed retrieval, indicating the promising capability of cross-polarization SAR for TC monitoring.