2021 journal article
Resistome of a carbapenemase-producing novel ST232 Klebsiella michiganensis isolate from urban hospital effluent in South Africa
JOURNAL OF GLOBAL ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE, 24, 321–324.
Klebsiella michiganensis is an emerging pathogen implicated in nosocomial infections. Here we report on the resistome, virulome and mobilome of a carbapenemase-producing K. michiganensis isolate from urban hospital effluent in Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Klebsiella sp. isolate KP124 was originally isolated from the final effluent of an urban tertiary hospital in Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal.Following phenotypic characterisation and antibiotic susceptibility testing, the genome of carbapenemase-producing isolate KP124 was sequenced using an Illumina MiSeq platform, de novo assembled and analysed using established bioinformatics tools.The draft genome of strain KP124 was 6 544 586 bp in length, comprising 203 contigs >200 bp. Following confirmation of isolate KP124 as K. michiganensis using reference genomes, the blaOXA-181 carbapenemase gene as well as 11 additional genes encoding resistance against β-lactams, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones and sulfonamides were detected. Virulence factors enabling iron acquisition and cell adherence, capsule locus type and plasmid replicon types were identified.This study represents the first report of an OXA-181 carbapenemase-producing K. michiganensis isolate from hospital effluent in South Africa. The presence of such a strain in the environment owing to the absence of hospital effluent treatment presents a potential risk to informal communities that may use contaminated surface water domestically.