2021 journal article

Dissipative superfluid hydrodynamics for the unitary Fermi gas

Phys.Rev.A, 104(2), 023313.

UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
1. No Poverty (Web of Science)
Source: ORCID
Added: May 15, 2021

In this work we establish constraints on the temperature dependence of the shear viscosity $\eta$ in the superfluid phase of a dilute Fermi gas in the unitary limit. Our results are based on analyzing experiments that measure the aspect ratio of a deformed cloud after release from an optical trap. We discuss how to apply the two-fluid formalism to the unitary gas, and provide a suitable parametrization of the equation of state. We show that in expansion experiments the difference between the normal and superfluid velocities remains small, and can be treated as a perturbation. We find that expansion experiments favor a shear viscosity that decreases significantly in the superfluid regime. Using an exponential parametrization we find $\eta(T_c/(2T_F))<0.37\eta (T_c/T_F)$, where $T_c$ is the critical temperature, $T_F$ is the local Fermi temperature of the gas.