2014 journal article

Calculation of geometric phases in electric dipole searches with trapped spin-1/2 particles based on direct solution of the Schrodinger equation


By: A. Steyerl*, C. Kaufman*, G. Mueller, S. Malik*, A. Desai* & R. Golub*

Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

Pendlebury $\mathit{et}\phantom{\rule{0.28em}{0ex}}\mathit{al}.$ [Phys. Rev. A 70, 032102 (2004)] were the first to investigate the role of geometric phases in searches for an electric dipole moment (EDM) of elementary particles based on Ramsey-separated oscillatory field magnetic resonance with trapped ultracold neutrons and comagnetometer atoms. Their work was based on the Bloch equation and later work using the density matrix corroborated the results and extended the scope to describe the dynamics of spins in general fields and in bounded geometries. We solve the Schr\"odinger equation directly for cylindrical trap geometry and obtain a full description of EDM-relevant spin behavior in general fields, including the short-time transients and vertical spin oscillation in the entire range of particle velocities. We apply this method to general macroscopic fields and to the field of a microscopic magnetic dipole.