2021 journal article

Focused ultrasound of the caudal vena cava in dogs with cavitary effusions or congestive heart failure: A prospective, observational study

PLOS ONE, 16(5).

MeSH headings : Animals; Dogs; Female; Heart Failure / diagnosis; Heart Failure / pathology; Heart Failure / veterinary; Male; Pericardial Effusion / diagnosis; Pericardial Effusion / veterinary; Prospective Studies; Ultrasonography; Vena Cava, Inferior / diagnostic imaging
TL;DR: Whether ultrasonographic indices of caudal vena cava (CVC) differ between dogs with right-sided CHF, left-sidedCHF, and noncardiac causes of cavitary effusion (NC) is investigated. (via Semantic Scholar)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: July 19, 2021

Introduction Ultrasonographic indices of the inferior vena cava are useful for predicting right heart filling pressures in people.