2021 journal article
Screening Cotoneaster sp. for Resistance to Fire Blight Using Foliar Inoculation with Two Strains of Erwinia amylovora
HORTSCIENCE, 56(7), 824–830.
The genus Cotoneaster is composed of ≈400 species with a wide variety of growth habits and forms. These hardy landscape shrubs used to be commonplace because of their low maintenance and landscape functionality. However, the interest in and sales of cotoneaster have decreased for a variety of reasons, with the greatest being its susceptibility to a bacterial disease fire blight caused by Erwinia amylovora . The resistances of 15 different genotypes of Cotoneaster to a wild-type strain of Erwinia amylovora (Ea153) and a strain LA635 that has a natural mutation in avrRpt2 that encodes for a type III secretion effector were tested separately by inoculating leaves. Fire blight resistance was assessed by calculating the percent shoot necrosis (PSN) [PSN = 100 × (lesion length ÷ total branch length)] at 6 to 8 weeks after inoculation. Across all experiments, Cotoneaster genotypes H2011-01-002 and C. × suecicus ‘Emerald Sprite’ consistently had the lowest PSN values when inoculated with either strain. Cotoneaster × suecicus ‘Emerald Beauty’ was significantly more resistant to Ea153 than to LA635, whereas C. splendens was significantly more susceptible to Ea153 than to LA635.