Utilizing Pine Needles to Temporally and Spatially Profile Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances
Kirkwood, K. I., Fleming, J., Nguyen, H., Reif, D. M., Baker, E. S., & Belcher, S. M. (2021, August 26). (Vol. 8). Vol. 8.
Abstract As concerns continue to mount over exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), novel methods of profiling their presence and modifications are greatly needed as some have known toxic and bioaccumulative characteristics while others have unknown effects. This task however is not simple as over 5000 PFAS of interest have been named by the Environmental Protection Agency and this list continues to grow daily. In this work, we utilized widely available archived and field-sampled pine needles and a novel non-targeted analytical method to evaluate the temporal and spatial presence of numerous PFAS. Over 70 PFAS were detected in the pine needles from this study, providing information from the last six decades related to PFAS exposure, contamination, and reduction.