2011 journal article

Generalized Harmonic Equations in 3+1 Form

Phys.Rev.D, 84, 124012.

Source: ORCID
Added: November 4, 2021

The generalized harmonic equations of general relativity are written in $3+1$ form. The result is a system of partial differential equations with first-order time and second-order space derivatives for the spatial metric, extrinsic curvature, lapse function and shift vector, plus fields that represent the time derivatives of the lapse and shift. This allows for a direct comparison between the generalized harmonic and the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner formulations. The $3+1$ generalized harmonic equations are also written in terms of conformal variables and compared to the Baumgarte-Shapiro-Shibata-Nakamura equations with moving puncture gauge conditions.