2021 journal article
A Homomorphic Encryption-Based Private Collaborative Distributed Energy Management System
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, 12(6), 5233–5243.
This article investigates the privacy issues in the distributed energy management system (EMS) of smart distribution systems and microgirds. A novel private collaborative distributed energy management system (P-CoDEMS) is proposed to solve the AC optimal power flow (ACOPF) problem in a distributed and private fashion. The proposed P-CoDEMS algorithm is based on an original primal dual subgradient distributed optimization technique and a state-of-the-art fully homomorphic encryption algorithm. The convergence and optimality of the proposed P-CoDEMS algorithm are evaluated on four representative systems. Simulation results indicate that the proposed P-CoDEMS algorithm can accurately solve the ACOPF problem in a fully distributed way while preserving individual agent privacy.