2022 journal article

ELATooLs: A tool for analyzing anisotropic elastic properties of the 2D and 3D materials


By: S. Yalameha‚ÄČ*, Z. Nourbakhsh* & D. Vashaee

author keywords: Anisotropic elastic property; Elastic constants; Auxetic material; Visualization
Source: Web Of Science
Added: November 29, 2021

We introduce a computational method and a user-friendly code with a terminal-based graphical user interface (GUI), named ElATools, developed to analyze mechanical and anisotropic elastic properties. ElATools enables facile analysis of the second-order elastic stiffness tensor of two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) crystal systems. It computes and displays the main mechanical properties including the bulk modulus, Young's modulus, shear modulus, hardness, p-wave modulus, universal anisotropy index, Chung-Buessem anisotropy index, log-Euclidean anisotropy parameter, Cauchy pressures, Poisson's ratio, and Pugh's ratio, using three averaging schemes of Voigt, Reuss, and Hill. It includes an online and offline database from the Materials Project with more than 13,000 elastic stiffness constants for 3D materials. The program supports output files of the well-known computational codes IRelast, IRelast2D, ElaStic, and AELAS. Four types of plotting and visualization tools are integrated to conveniently interface with GNUPLOT, XMGRACE, view3dscene, and plotly libraries, offering immediate post-processing of the results. It can efficiently identify anomalous mechanical properties, such as negative linear compressibility, negative Poisson's ratio, and highly-anisotropic elastic modulus in 2D and 3D materials, which are central properties to design and develop high-performance nanoscale electromechanical devices. Six case studies on selected material systems, namely, ZnAu$_2$ (CN)$_4$, CrB$_2$, $\delta$-phosphorene, Pd$_2$O$_6$Se$_2$ monolayer, and GaAs, and a hypothetical set of systems with cubic symmetry are presented to demonstrate the descriptive and predictive capabilities of ElATools.