2022 journal article

Isomeric tetrazole-based organic dyes for dye-sensitized solar cells: Structure-property relationships


author keywords: Dye-sensitized solar cell; Co-adosrbent; Tetrazole
UN Sustainable Development Goal Categories
7. Affordable and Clean Energy (Web of Science; OpenAlex)
Source: Web Of Science
Added: November 29, 2021

Two new organic dyes (SD-1 and SD-2) featured with donor–π–acceptor architecture were synthesized and applied to dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). In these sensitizers, an azo bridge π-spacer is used to link the phenyl tetrazole acceptor with 2-naphthol donors. To amplify the pull-push effect, the nitro group was connected to the electron acceptor group. The effect of the position of the nitro group and the tetrazole group linked to the benzene ring on the photophysical, electrochemical, and photovoltaic properties of sensitizers are investigated in detail. They all show intense UV–Vis absorptions around 400 nm and 510 nm. The co-sensitizations of SD-1 and SD-2 with ruthenium complex HD-2 are further evaluated and the co-sensitization results were compared with DCA. Co-sensitization of HD-2 with SD-2 was more efficient than found for co-sensitization with DCA (5.6% higher). Moreover, the influences of molecular geometry on charge recombination and photovoltaic performance of DSSCs were systematically investigated by incident photon to current efficiency (IPCE) spectra and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) investigations.