2022 journal article
Efficient degradation of tetracycline by singlet oxygen-dominated peroxymonosulfate activation with magnetic nitrogen-doped porous carbon
JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, 115, 330–340.
Nonradical reaction driven by peroxymonosulfate (PMS) based advanced oxidation processes has drawn widespread attention in water treatment due to their inherent advantages, but the degradation behavior and mechanism of organic pollutants are still unclear. In this study, the performance, intermediates, mechanism and toxicity of tetracycline (TC) degradation were thoroughly examined in the constructed magnetic nitrogen-doped porous carbon/peroxymonosulfate (Co-N/C-PMS) system. The results showed that 85.4% of TC could be removed within 15 min when Co-N/C and PMS was simultaneously added and the degradation rate was enhanced by 3.4 and 14.7 folds compared with Co-N/C or PMS alone, respectively. Moreover, the performance of Co-N/C was superior to that of most previously reported catalysts. Many lines of evidence indicated that Co-N/C-PMS system was a singlet oxygen-dominated nonradical reaction, which was less interfered by pH and water components, and displayed high adaptability to actual water bodies. Subsequently, the degradation process was elaborated on the basis of three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix spectra and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. At last, the toxicity of treated TC was greatly reduced by using microalgae Coelastrella sp. as ecological indicator. This study provides a promising approach based on singlet oxygen-dominated nonradical reaction for eliminating TC in water treatment.