2022 journal article

The effect of grain shape and material on the nonlocal rheology of dense granular flows

Soft Matter.

By: F. Fazelpour, Z. Tang & K. Daniels

Source: ORCID
Added: January 27, 2022

Nonlocal rheologies allow for the modeling of granular flows from the creeping to intermediate flow regimes, using a small number of parameters. In this paper, we report on experiments testing how particle properties affect the model parameters used in the Kamrin & Koval cooperative nonlocal model, using particles of three different shapes (circles, ellipses, and pentagons) and three different materials, including one which allows for the measurement of stresses via photoelasticity. Our experiments are performed on a quasi-2D annular shear cell with a rotating inner wall and a fixed outer wall. Each type of particle is found to exhibit flows which are well-fit by nonlocal rheology, with each particle having a distinct triad of the local, nonlocal, and frictional parameters. While the local parameter b is always approximately unity, the nonlocal parameter A depends sensitively on both the particle shape and material. The critical stress ratio μs, above which Coulomb failure occurs, varies for particles with the same material but different shape, indicating that geometric friction can dominate over material friction.