2016 journal article
An enhanced linear regression-based building energy model (LRBEM plus ) for early design
JOURNAL OF BUILDING PERFORMANCE SIMULATION, 9(2), 115–133.
The design community lacks simple, data-driven energy assessment tools to explore energy-efficient alternatives during the early stages of building design. A promising option is to utilize a whole building energy simulation engine (e.g. EnergyPlus) within a Monte Carlo simulation framework to develop a linear regression-based building energy model (LRBEM) that can predict idealized heating and cooling loads based on parameters relevant to early design. Previous work was limited to medium-sized US commercial office buildings with rectangular geometries. A key limitation is addressed in this paper by considering complex geometries. A reformulated model, LRBEM+, is developed and tested with a suite of building geometries that represent limiting cases. The resultant relative error between LRBEM+ and EnergyPlus is generally less than 10%. Furthermore, LRBEM+ correctly predicts the direction and magnitude of changes in heating and cooling loads in response to changes in the most influential early design parameters.