2016 journal article

Poultry Manure Nitrogen Availability Influences Winter Wheat Yield and Yield Components

AGRONOMY JOURNAL, 108(2), 864–872.

By: C. Savala, C. Crozier n & T. Smyth n

co-author countries: United States of America 🇺🇸
Source: Web Of Science
Added: August 6, 2018

Standard poultry manure use recommendations in North Carolina consider waste analysis but not differences among manure types, cropping seasons, or application timing. This study evaluated poultry manure source, N rate strategy, and application time effects on soft red winter wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) tiller density, yield components, grain yield, and N availability coefficients. Coefficients included fertilizer N equivalence based on grain yield and plant‐available N based on aboveground plant N content. Four field experiments used broiler litter (BL) and composted layer manure (CLM), two rates (67 and 134 kg total‐N ha −1 ), and three different application times (incorporated in October preplant, Feekes’ 3 in December/January, or Feekes’ 4 in February). Dual‐source treatments received 67 kg N ha −1 of manure plus 67 kg N ha −1 as urea ammonium nitrate (UAN) solution at Feekes’ 5. Fertilizer‐N (UAN) rate treatments (0, 39, 78, 117, and 156 kg N ha −1 ) were also included. Yields responded to N inputs but were lowest when BL and CLM were applied at 67 kg N ha −1 either preplant or at Feekes’ 3. Grain yield and N availability were greater with CLM than with BL (3.0 vs. 2.8 t ha −1 grain and 58 vs. 52 kg ha −1 N uptake, respectively). Availability coefficients ranged from 12 to 32%, lower than the standard assumed values of 50 to 60%. The feasible poultry manure application window includes preplant until Feekes’ 4, but fertilizing winter wheat crops solely with poultry manure may supply less N than intended.