2022 journal article
Field-grown soybean shows genotypic variation in physiological and seed composition responses to heat stress during seed development
ENVIRONMENTAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY, 195.
An average temperature increase between 2.6 and 4.8 °C, along with more frequent extreme temperatures, will challenge crop productivity by the end of the century. To investigate genotypic variation in soybean response to elevated temperature, six soybean (Glycine max) genotypes were subjected to elevated air temperature of + 4.5 °C above ambient for 28 days in open-top field chambers. Gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence were measured before and during heating and yield as well as seed composition were evaluated at maturity. Results show that long-term elevated air temperature increased nighttime respiration, increased the maximum velocity of carboxylation by Rubisco, impacted seed protein concentration, and reduced seed oil concentration across genotypes. The genotypes in this study varied in temperature responses for photosynthetic CO2 assimilation, stomatal conductance, photosystem II operating efficiency, quantum efficiency of CO2 assimilation, and seed protein concentration at maturity. These diverse responses among genotypes to elevated air temperature during seed development in the field, reveal the potential for soybean heat tolerance to be improved through breeding and underlines the importance of identifying efficient selection strategies for stress-tolerant crops.