Surface Ablation and Melting of Fusion Materials Simulated by Transient High Heat Flux Generated in an Electothermal Plasma Source
Almousa, N. M., Gilligan, J. G., & Bourham, M. (2016, September). IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, Vol. 44, pp. 1642–1648.
An electrothermal (ET) plasma source has been used to produce intense transient high heat flux to evaluate surface erosion and melting of plasma-facing materials. The source produces high heat flux relevant to expected conditions during disruption event in future large fusion devices. Surface vaporization has been evaluated for selected fusion-relevant materials under radiant energy deposition. Additional simulation included the effect of melting and splattering. Vapor and droplet formation and their associated shielding effect have been investigated in this paper to assess the difference between a developed boundary layer from only vapor or melt layer or the mixed vapor-melt layer with possible ejection of molten droplets away from the surface. Fully self-consistent erosion models are developed and implemented in the ET ETFLOW code in a new version ETFLOW-boundary layer to model the response of plasma-facing materials and their erosive behavior under transient ET plasma high heat fluxes closely similar to expected ones in future fusion large tokamaks.